Publications by authors named "Emily Davison"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Erosion and Corrosion Resistance Performance of Laser Metal Deposited High-Entropy Alloy Coatings at Hellisheidi Geothermal Site.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jun 4;14(11). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Innovation Centre Iceland, Árleynir 2-8, 112 Reykjavik, Iceland.

Geothermal process equipment and accessories are usually manufactured from low-alloy steels which offer affordability but increase the susceptibility of the materials to corrosion. Applying erosion-corrosion-resistant coatings to these components could represent an economical solution to the problem. In this work, testing of two newly developed laser metal deposited high-entropy alloy (LMD-HEA) coatings-CoCrFeNiMo and AlCoCrFeNi, applied to carbon and stainless steels-was carried out at the Hellisheidi geothermal power plant. Tests in three different geothermal environments were performed at the Hellisheidi site: wellhead test at 194 °C and 14 bar, erosion test at 198 °C and 15 bar, and aerated test at 90 °C and 1 bar. Post-test microstructural characterization was performed via Scanning Eletron Microscope (SEM), Back-Scattered Electrons analysis (BSE), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), optical microscopy, and optical profilometry while erosion assessment was carried out using an image and chemical analysis. Both the CoCrFeNiMo and AlCoCrFeNi coatings showed manufacturing defects (cracks) and were prone to corrosion damage. Results show that damage in the CoCrFeNiMo-coated carbon steel can be induced by manufacturing defects in the coating. This was further confirmed by the excellent corrosion resistance performance of the CoCrFeNiMo coating deposited onto stainless steel, where no manufacturing cracks were observed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ma14113071DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8200011PMC
June 2021

The Subgingival Plaque Microbiome, Systemic Antibodies Against Bacteria and Citrullinated Proteins Following Periodontal Therapy.

Pathogens 2021 Feb 10;10(2). Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Oral Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Dental School, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK.

Periodontitis (PD) shows an association with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic inflammation. Periodontal pathogens, namely and , are proposed to be capable of inducing citrullination of peptides in the gingiva, inducing the formation of anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) within susceptible hosts. Here, we sought to investigate whether periodontal treatment influenced systemic inflammation and antibody titres to , , and ACPA in 42 systemically health patients with periodontal disease. Subgingival plaque and serum samples were collected from study participants before (baseline) and 90 days after treatment to analyse the abundance of specific bacteria and evaluate anti-bacterial antibodies, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and ACPA in serum. Following treatment, all patients showed reduced periodontal inflammation. Despite observing a weak positive correlation between CRP and IL-6 with periodontal inflammation at baseline, we observed no significant reductions in any indicators of systemic inflammation 90 days after treatment. In contrast, anti- IgG significantly reduced post-treatment ( < 0.001, Wilcoxon signed rank test), although no changes were observed for other antibody titres. Patients who had detectable in subgingival plaques had significantly higher anti- IgG and ACPA titres, suggesting a potential association between colonisation and systemic antibody titres.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/pathogens10020193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7916579PMC
February 2021

The systemic inflammatory response following hand instrumentation versus ultrasonic instrumentation-A randomized controlled trial.

J Clin Periodontol 2020 09 27;47(9):1087-1097. Epub 2020 Jul 27.

Oral Sciences, Glasgow Dental Hospital and School, School of Medicine, Dentistry and Nursing, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Objective: This study sought to investigate whether the immediate systemic inflammatory response following full-mouth debridement differs following use of hand compared with ultrasonic instruments.

Methods: Thirty-nine periodontitis patients were randomized to treatment with full-mouth debridement using either hand or ultrasonic instrumentation completed within 24 hr. Serum and periodontal clinical parameters were collected at baseline, day 1, day 7 and day 90 post-treatment. Differences in systemic inflammatory markers were assessed using general linear models at each timepoint, corrected for age, gender, smoking status, body mass index and baseline levels of each marker.

Results: Across all patients, serum C-reactive protein increased at day 1, with no differences between hand and ultrasonic groups (p(adjusted) = .22). There was no difference between groups in interleukin-6 (p(adjusted) = .29) or tumour necrosis factor α (p(adjusted) = .53) at day 1. Inflammatory markers returned to baseline levels by day 7. Treatment resulted in equal and marked improvements in clinical parameters in both groups; however, total treatment time was on average shorter for ultrasonic instruments (p(adjusted) = .002).

Conclusions: Ultrasonic instrumentation resulted in shorter treatment time with comparable clinical outcomes. Levels of serum C-reactive protein at day 1 were similar following debridement with hand or ultrasonic instruments.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.13342DOI Listing
September 2020
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