Publications by authors named "Emilie Bollon"

7 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The white test for intraoperative screening of bile leakage: a potential trigger factor for acute pancreatitis after liver resection-a case series.

BMC Surg 2021 Oct 2;21(1):356. Epub 2021 Oct 2.

Department of Digestive Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Hôpital la Timone, 264 rue Saint-Pierre, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.

Background: Acute pancreatitis after liver resection is a rare but serious complication, and few cases have been described in the literature. Extended lymphadenectomy, and long ischemia due to the Pringle maneuver could be responsible of post-liver resection acute pancreatitis, but the exact causes of AP after hepatectomy remain unclear.

Cases Presentation: We report here three cases of AP after hepatectomy and we strongly hypothesize that this is due to the bile leakage white test. 502 hepatectomy were performed at our center and 3 patients (0.6%) experienced acute pancreatitis after LR and all of these three patients underwent the white test at the end of the liver resection. None underwent additionally lymphadenectomy to the liver resection. All patient had a white-test during the liver surgery. We identified distal implantation of the cystic duct in these three patients as a potential cause for acute pancreatitis.

Conclusion: The white test is useful for detection of bile leakage after liver resection, but we do not recommend a systematic use after LR, because severe acute pancreatitis can be lethal for the patient, especially in case of distal cystic implantation which may facilitate reflux in the main pancreatic duct.
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October 2021

Peri-operative risk factors of chronic kidney disease after liver transplantation.

J Nephrol 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Department of Digestive Surgery and Liver Transplantation, Hôpital la Timone, 264 Rue Saint-Pierre, 13385, Marseille Cedex 05, France.

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a frequent long-term complication after liver transplantation (LT) and is associated with poor long-term survival. The aim of our study was to identify the risk factors of developing post-transplant CKD at 1 year, during the pre-operative, peri-operative, and post-LT phases.

Methods: All consecutive patients who underwent primary LT between July 2013 and February 2018 were analyzed. To assess the impact of peri- and post-operative factors on renal function at 1 year we performed a propensity score matching on gender, age of the recipient, Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, etiology of the hepatic disease, and estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) at baseline.

Results: Among the 245 patients who underwent LT, 215 had available data at one year (Y1), and 46% of them had CKD. Eighty-three patients in the CKD group and 83 in the normal renal function group were then matched. The median follow-up was 35 months (27-77). Patients with CKD at Y1 had a decreased 5-year survival compared to patients with normal renal function at one year: figures were 62% and 90%, respectively, p = 0.001. The independent predictors of CKD at Y1 were major complications (OR = 2.2, 95% CI [1.2-4.2]), p = 0.015, intensive care unit (ICU) stay > 5 days (OR = 2.2, 95% CI [1.3-5.1]), p = 0.046, ICU serum lactate level at 24 h ≥ 2.5 mmol/L (OR = 3.8 95% CI [1.1-8]), p = 0.034, need for post-LT renal replacement therapy (OR = 6.4 95% CI [1.4-25]), and MELD score ≥ 20 (OR = 2.1 95% CI [1.1-3.9]), p = 0.019.

Conclusions: The peri-operative period has a major impact on CKD incidence. Early recognition of patients at high risk of CKD may be critical for implementation of nephroprotective measures.
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August 2021

High-Dimensional Single-Cell Analysis Identifies Organ-Specific Signatures and Conserved NK Cell Subsets in Humans and Mice.

Immunity 2018 11 6;49(5):971-986.e5. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, INSERM, Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, Marseille, France; Immunology, Marseille Immunopole, Hôpital de la Timone, Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille, France; Innate Pharma Research Laboratories, Innate Pharma, Marseille, France. Electronic address:

Natural killer (NK) cells are innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) involved in antimicrobial and antitumoral responses. Several NK cell subsets have been reported in humans and mice, but their heterogeneity across organs and species remains poorly characterized. We assessed the diversity of human and mouse NK cells by single-cell RNA sequencing on thousands of individual cells isolated from spleen and blood. Unbiased transcriptional clustering revealed two distinct signatures differentiating between splenic and blood NK cells. This analysis at single-cell resolution identified three subpopulations in mouse spleen and four in human spleen, and two subsets each in mouse and human blood. A comparison of transcriptomic profiles within and between species highlighted the similarity of the two major subsets, NK1 and NK2, across organs and species. This unbiased approach provides insight into the biology of NK cells and establishes a rationale for the translation of mouse studies to human physiology and disease.
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November 2018

Short-term outcomes after major hepatic resection in patients with cirrhosis: a 75-case unicentric western experience.

HPB (Oxford) 2019 03 16;21(3):352-360. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Department of Digestive Surgery, Hôpital de la Timone, Marseille, France; Université Aix-Marseille, 27 Boulevard Jean Moulin, 13385, Marseille, France.

Background: The benefit of performing major hepatic resection (MHR) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with cirrhosis remains controversial because of its high risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). This study was conducted to assess the risk of MHR for HCC in patients with cirrhosis.

Methods: Patients with Child-Pugh A or B cirrhosis and HCC who underwent MHR from January 2000 to June 2014 were retrospectively identified. Risk factors for postoperative morbidity and mortality using univariate and multivariate analyses were evaluated.

Results: Seventy patients with Child-Pugh A (93%) and 5 (7%) with Child-Pugh B cirrhosis underwent MHR for HCC. Thirteen (17%) had Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage A, 39 (50%) had BCLC B, and 23 (32%) had BCLC C disease. A perioperative blood transfusion was performed in 18 patients (24%). Ninety-day postoperative mortality was 9% (n=7). Major complications occurred in 16 patients (21%), including PHLF in 9 patients (12%). A multivariate analysis showed that perioperative blood transfusion was the main independent factor associated with mortality (OR= 6.5) and major morbidity (OR=10).

Conclusion: In selected patients with HCC and cirrhosis, MHR is feasible and has acceptable mortality, but careful perioperative management and limiting blood loss are required.
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March 2019

NIACE score for hepatocellular carcinoma patients treated by surgery or transarterial chemoembolization.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2017 Jun;29(6):706-715

aDepartment of Hepato-Gastroenterology bDepartment of Hepatobiliary Surgery cDepartment of Radiology, Hôpital Saint-Joseph dAlphaBio Laboratory eDepartment of Hepato-Gastroenterology and Digestive Oncology, Institut Paoli-Calmette fDepartment of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire Timone, Marseille gDepartment of Hepato-Gastroenterology, Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nancy hINSERM U954, Université de Lorraine, CHU de Nancy, Vandoeuvre les Nancy, France.

Background And Aims: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognostic scores could be useful in addition to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) system to clarify patient prognosis and guide treatment decision. The NIACE (tumor Nodularity, Infiltrative nature of the tumor, serum Alpha-fetoprotein level, Child-Pugh stage, ECOG performance status) score distinguishes different prognosis groups among BCLC A, B, and C HCC patients. Our aims are to evaluate the NIACE score and its additive value in two HCC cohorts treated either by surgery or by chemoembolization, and then according to the BCLC recommendations.

Patients And Methods: This was a retrospective multicenter study with two BCLC A, B, and C HCC cohorts treated either by surgery (n=207) or by chemoembolization (n=168) carried out between 2008 and 2013. We studied survival time according to the baseline NIACE score and compared it with the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program score and the BCLC system.

Results: The NIACE score differentiates between subgroups of patients with different prognosis within each BCLC class. Among BCLC A patients treated by surgery and BCLC B patients treated by chemoembolization, the NIACE score differentiates between two subgroups with a significant difference in survival time: 68 (55-81) months versus 35 (21-56) months (P=0.0004) and 20 (17-24) months versus 13 (7-17) months (P=0.0008), respectively. Among those subgroups, the NIACE score has a significantly better prognostic value than the BCLC system or the Cancer of the Liver Italian Program score.

Conclusion: In this study, among HCC patients treated according to the BCLC recommendations, the NIACE score predicts more accurately than any other system the survival time.
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June 2017

Usefulness of staging systems and prognostic scores for hepatocellular carcinoma treatments.

World J Hepatol 2016 Jun;8(17):703-15

Xavier Adhoute, Paul Castellani, Hervé Perrier, Marc Bourlière, Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology, Hôpital Saint-Joseph, 13008 Marseille, France.

Therapeutic management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is quite complex owing to the underlying cirrhosis and portal vein hypertension. Different scores or classification systems based on liver function and tumoral stages have been published in the recent years. If none of them is currently "universally" recognized, the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system has become the reference classification system in Western countries. Based on a robust treatment algorithm associated with stage stratification, it relies on a high level of evidence. However, BCLC stage B and C HCC include a broad spectrum of tumors but are only matched with a single therapeutic option. Some experts have thus suggested to extend the indications for surgery or for transarterial chemoembolization. In clinical practice, many patients are already treated beyond the scope of recommendations. Additional alternative prognostic scores that could be applied to any therapeutic modality have been recently proposed. They could represent complementary tools to the BCLC staging system and improve the stratification of HCC patients enrolled in clinical trials, as illustrated by the NIACE score. Prospective studies are needed to compare these scores and refine their role in the decision making process.
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June 2016

Portal vein thrombosis due to factor 2 leiden in the post-operative course of a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity.

Obes Surg 2009 Oct 15;19(10):1464-7. Epub 2009 Jul 15.

Digestive Surgical Department, CHU Timone, 264 rue Saint Pierre, 13385, Marseille, France.

Portal vein thrombosis can occur after laparoscopic operations. This complication has not been yet reported after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. We report the case of a patient who presented mild abdominal pains 2 weeks after a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy achieved to cure morbid obesity. Computed tomography led to the diagnosis of portal vein thrombosis bound to a genetic disorder due to heterozygote Leiden 2 factor which impaired coagulation. Recommendations for post-surgical follow-up are discussed.
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October 2009