Publications by authors named "Emiliana Corti"

8 Publications

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Discovery of 2-[1-(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118): A Potent, Orally Available, and Highly Selective PARP-1 Inhibitor for Cancer Therapy.

J Med Chem 2015 Sep 26;58(17):6875-98. Epub 2015 Aug 26.

Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl , Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

The nuclear protein poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has a well-established role in the signaling and repair of DNA and is a prominent target in oncology, as testified by the number of candidates in clinical testing that unselectively target both PARP-1 and its closest isoform PARP-2. The goal of our program was to find a PARP-1 selective inhibitor that would potentially mitigate toxicities arising from cross-inhibition of PARP-2. Thus, an HTS campaign on the proprietary Nerviano Medical Sciences (NMS) chemical collection, followed by SAR optimization, allowed us to discover 2-[1-(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118, 20by). NMS-P118 proved to be a potent, orally available, and highly selective PARP-1 inhibitor endowed with excellent ADME and pharmacokinetic profiles and high efficacy in vivo both as a single agent and in combination with Temozolomide in MDA-MB-436 and Capan-1 xenograft models, respectively. Cocrystal structures of 20by with both PARP-1 and PARP-2 catalytic domain proteins allowed rationalization of the observed selectivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00680DOI Listing
September 2015

Mcl-1 antagonism is a potential therapeutic strategy in a subset of solid cancers.

Exp Cell Res 2015 Mar 5;332(2):267-77. Epub 2014 Dec 5.

Nerviano Medical Sciences S.r.l. - Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, I-20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

Cancer cell survival is frequently dependent on the elevated levels of members of the Bcl-2 family of prosurvival proteins that bind to and inactivate BH3-domain pro-apoptotic cellular proteins. Small molecules that inhibit the protein-protein interactions between prosurvival and proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members (so-called "BH3 mimetics") have a potential therapeutic value, as indicated by clinical findings obtained with ABT-263 (navitoclax), a Bcl-2/Bcl-xL antagonist, and more recently with GDC-0199/ABT-199, a more selective antagonist of Bcl-2. Here, we report study results of the functional role of the prosurvival protein Mcl-1 against a panel of solid cancer cell lines representative of different tumor types. We observed silencing of Mcl-1 expression by small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) significantly reduced viability and induced apoptosis in almost 30% of cell lines tested, including lung and breast adenocarcinoma, as well as glioblastoma derived lines. Most importantly, we provide a mechanistic basis for this sensitivity by showing antagonism of Mcl-1 function with specific BH3 peptides against isolated mitochondria induces Bak oligomerization and cytochrome c release, therefore demonstrating that mitochondria from Mcl-1-sensitive cells depend on Mcl-1 for their integrity and that antagonizing Mcl-1 function is sufficient to induce apoptosis. Thus, our results lend further support for considering Mcl-1 as a therapeutic target in a number of solid cancers and support the rationale for development of small molecule BH3-mimetics antagonists of this protein.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2014.11.022DOI Listing
March 2015

Determining the structure and mode of action of microbisporicin, a potent lantibiotic active against multiresistant pathogens.

Chem Biol 2008 Jan;15(1):22-31

Vicuron Pharmaceuticals, Via R. Lepetit 34, 21040 Gerenzano, Varese, Italy.

Antibiotics blocking bacterial cell wall assembly (beta-lactams and glycopeptides) are facing a challenge from the progressive spread of resistant pathogens. Lantibiotics are promising candidates to alleviate this problem. Microbisporicin, the most potent antibacterial among known comparable lantibiotics, was discovered during a screening applied to uncommon actinomycetes. It is produced by Microbispora sp. as two similarly active and structurally related polypeptides (A1, 2246-Da and A2, 2230-Da) of 24 amino acids linked by 5 intramolecular thioether bridges. Microbisporicin contains two posttranslational modifications that have never been reported previously in lantibiotics: 5-chloro-trypthopan and mono- (in A2) or bis-hydroxylated (in A1) proline. Consistent with screening criteria, microbisporicin selectively blocks peptidoglycan biosynthesis, causing cytoplasmic UDP-linked precursor accumulation. Considering its spectrum of activity and its efficacy in vivo, microbisporicin represents a promising antibiotic to treat emerging infections.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2007.11.009DOI Listing
January 2008

A novel lantibiotic acting on bacterial cell wall synthesis produced by the uncommon actinomycete Planomonospora sp.

Biochemistry 2007 May 1;46(20):5884-95. Epub 2007 May 1.

Vicuron Pharmaceuticals, Via R. Lepetit 34, 21040 Gerenzano, (VA) Italy.

Important classes of antibiotics acting on bacterial cell wall biosynthesis, such as beta-lactams and glycopeptides, are used extensively in therapy and are now faced with a challenge because of the progressive spread of resistant pathogens. A discovery program was devised to target novel peptidoglycan biosynthesis inhibitors capable of overcoming these resistance mechanisms. The microbial products were first screened according to their differential activity against Staphylococcus aureus and its L-form. Then, activities insensitive to the addition of a beta-lactamase cocktail or d-alanyl-d-alanine affinity resin were selected. Thirty-five lantibiotics were identified from a library of broth extracts produced by 40,000 uncommon actinomycetes. Five of them showed structural characteristics that did not match with any known microbial metabolite. In this study, we report on the production, structure determination, and biological activity of one of these novel lantibiotics, namely, planosporicin, which is produced by the uncommon actinomycete Planomonospora sp. Planosporicin is a 2194 Da polypeptide originating from 24 proteinogenic amino acids. It contains lanthionine and methyllanthionine amino acids generating five intramolecular thioether bridges. Planosporicin selectively blocks peptidoglycan biosynthesis and causes accumulation of UDP-linked peptidoglycan precursors in growing bacterial cells. On the basis of its mode of action and globular structure, planosporicin can be assigned to the mersacidin (20 amino acids, 1825 Da) and the actagardine (19 amino acids, 1890 Da) subgroup of type B lantibiotics. Considering its spectrum of activity against Gram-positive pathogens of medical importance, including multi-resistant clinical isolates, and its efficacy in vivo, planosporicin represents a potentially new antibiotic to treat emerging pathogens.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi700131xDOI Listing
May 2007

Novel tetrapeptide inhibitors of bacterial protein synthesis produced by a Streptomyces sp.

Biochemistry 2006 Mar;45(11):3692-702

University of Camerino, Via Camerini 2, 62032 Camerino, Italy.

In the course of a microbial product screening aimed at the discovery of novel antibiotics acting on bacterial protein synthesis, a complex of three structurally related tetrapeptides, namely, GE81112 factors A, B, and B1, was isolated from a Streptomyces sp. The screening was based on a cell-free assay of bacterial protein synthesis driven by a model mRNA containing natural initiation signals. In this study we report the production, isolation, and structure determination of these novel, potent and selective inhibitors of cell-free bacterial protein synthesis, which stably bind the 30S ribosomal subunit and inhibit the formation of fMet-puromycin. They did not inhibit translation by yeast ribosomes in vitro. Spectroscopic analyses revealed that they are tetrapeptides constituted by uncommon amino acids. While GE81112 factors A, B, and B1 were effective in inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis in vitro, they were less active against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial cells. Cells grown in minimal medium were more susceptible to the compounds than those grown in rich medium, and this is most likely due to competition or regulation by medium components during peptide uptake. The novelty of the chemical structure and of the specific mode of action on the initiation phase of bacterial protein synthesis makes GE81112 a unique scaffold for designing new drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi052540kDOI Listing
March 2006

Mode of action of the microbial metabolite GE23077, a novel potent and selective inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerase.

Eur J Biochem 2004 Aug;271(15):3146-54

Vicuron Pharmaceuticals, Gerenzano, Varese, Italy.

GE23077, a novel microbial metabolite recently isolated from Actinomadura sp. culture media, is a potent and selective inhibitor of bacterial RNA polymerase (RNAP). It inhibits Gram-positive (Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) RNAPs with IC50 values (i.e. the concentration at which the enzyme activity is inhibited by 50%) in the 10(-8) m range, whereas it is not active on E. coli DNA polymerase or on eukaryotic (wheat germ) RNAP II (IC50 values > 10(-4) m in both cases). In spite of its potent activity on purified bacterial RNAPs, GE23077 shows a narrow spectrum of antimicrobial activity on Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. To investigate the molecular basis of this behaviour, the effects of GE23077 on macromolecular biosynthesis were tested in E. coli cells permeabilized under different conditions. The addition of GE23077 to plasmolyzed cells resulted in an immediate and specific inhibition of intracellular RNA biosynthesis, in a dose-response manner, strongly suggesting that cell penetration is the main obstacle for effective antimicrobial activity of the antibiotic. Biochemical studies were also conducted with purified enzymes to obtain further insights into the mode of action of GE23077. Interestingly, the compound displays a behaviour similar to that of rifampicin, an antibiotic structurally unrelated to GE23077: both compounds act at the level of transcription initiation, but not on the sigma subunit and not on the formation of the promoter DNA-RNAP complex. Tests on different rifampicin-resistant E. coli RNAPs did not show any cross-resistance between the two compounds, indicating distinct binding sites on the target enzyme. In conclusion, GE23077 is an interesting new molecule for future mechanistic studies on bacterial RNAP and for its potential in anti-infective drug discovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1432-1033.2004.04244.xDOI Listing
August 2004

Antibiotics GE23077, novel inhibitors of bacterial RNA polymerase. I. Taxonomy, isolation and characterization.

J Antibiot (Tokyo) 2004 Mar;57(3):210-7

Vicuron Pharmaceuticals, Via R. Lepetit 34, 21040 Gerenzano, Varese, Italy.

GE 23077 factors A1, A2, B1 and B2 are novel antibiotics isolated from fermentation broths of an Actinomadura sp. strain. GE23077 antibiotics are cyclic peptides, which inhibit Escherichia coli RNA polymerase at nM concentrations. Both rifampicin-sensitive and rifampicin-resistant polymerases are inhibited, whereas E. coli DNA polymerase and wheat germ RNA polymerase are substantially not affected. In spite of the potent activity on the enzyme, the antibiotics generally show poor activity against whole cell bacteria. The spectrum of activity is restricted to Moraxella catarrhalis, including clinical isolates, with partial activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Mycobacterium smegmatis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7164/antibiotics.57.210DOI Listing
March 2004

A new inhibitor of the transcription-termination factor Rho.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2003 Mar;302(2):219-25

Biosearch Italia, via R. Lepetit 34, 21040 Gerenzano, VA, Italy.

In this study we describe BI-K0058, a new inhibitor of the transcription-termination factor Rho belonging to a different chemical class from bicyclomycin, the only known antibiotic acting on Rho. BI-K0058 inhibits the poly(C)-dependent ATPase activity of Rho with an IC(50) of 25 microM as well as in vitro transcription-termination of two natural substrates, the Salmonella enterica hisG cistron and the f1 phage intergenic region. BI-K0058 does not affect photolabeling of Rho by ATP. The results of gel mobility shift experiments with a natural RNA substrate demonstrate that BI-K0058 inhibits the formation of the ATP-independent high affinity Rho-RNA complex.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0006-291x(03)00131-1DOI Listing
March 2003