Publications by authors named "Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon"

2 Publications

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The Burden of Cardiovascular Diseases Among US States, 1990-2016.

Authors:
Gregory A Roth Catherine O Johnson Kalkidan Hassen Abate Foad Abd-Allah Muktar Ahmed Khurshid Alam Tahiya Alam Nelson Alvis-Guzman Hossein Ansari Johan Ärnlöv Tesfay Mehari Atey Ashish Awasthi Tadesse Awoke Aleksandra Barac Till Bärnighausen Neeraj Bedi Derrick Bennett Isabela Bensenor Sibhatu Biadgilign Carlos Castañeda-Orjuela Ferrán Catalá-López Kairat Davletov Samath Dharmaratne Eric L Ding Manisha Dubey Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon Talha Farid Maryam S Farvid Valery Feigin João Fernandes Joseph Frostad Alemseged Gebru Johanna M Geleijnse Philimon Nyakauru Gona Max Griswold Gessessew Bugssa Hailu Graeme J Hankey Hamid Yimam Hassen Rasmus Havmoeller Simon Hay Susan R Heckbert Caleb Mackay Salpeter Irvine Spencer Lewis James Dube Jara Amir Kasaeian Abdur Rahman Khan Sahil Khera Abdullah T Khoja Jagdish Khubchandani Daniel Kim Dhaval Kolte Dharmesh Lal Anders Larsson Shai Linn Paulo A Lotufo Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek Mohsen Mazidi Toni Meier Walter Mendoza George A Mensah Atte Meretoja Haftay Berhane Mezgebe Erkin Mirrakhimov Shafiu Mohammed Andrew Edward Moran Grant Nguyen Minh Nguyen Kanyin Liane Ong Mayowa Owolabi Martin Pletcher Farshad Pourmalek Caroline A Purcell Mostafa Qorbani Mahfuzar Rahman Rajesh Kumar Rai Usha Ram Marissa Bettay Reitsma Andre M N Renzaho Maria Jesus Rios-Blancas Saeid Safiri Joshua A Salomon Benn Sartorius Sadaf Ghajarieh Sepanlou Masood Ali Shaikh Diego Silva Saverio Stranges Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos Niguse Tadele Atnafu J S Thakur Roman Topor-Madry Thomas Truelsen E Murat Tuzcu Stefanos Tyrovolas Kingsley Nnanna Ukwaja Tommi Vasankari Vasiliy Vlassov Stein Emil Vollset Tolassa Wakayo Robert Weintraub Charles Wolfe Abdulhalik Workicho Gelin Xu Simon Yadgir Yuichiro Yano Paul Yip Naohiro Yonemoto Mustafa Younis Chuanhua Yu Zoubida Zaidi Maysaa El Sayed Zaki Ben Zipkin Ashkan Afshin Emmanuela Gakidou Stephen S Lim Ali H Mokdad Mohsen Naghavi Theo Vos Christopher J L Murray

JAMA Cardiol 2018 05;3(5):375-389

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.

Importance: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, but regional variation within the United States is large. Comparable and consistent state-level measures of total CVD burden and risk factors have not been produced previously.

Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of lost health due to CVD within the United States from 1990 to 2016 as well as risk factors driving these changes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Using the Global Burden of Disease methodology, cardiovascular disease mortality, nonfatal health outcomes, and associated risk factors were analyzed by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2016 for all residents in the United States using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling. Burden of disease was estimated for 10 groupings of CVD, and comparative risk analysis was performed. Data were analyzed from August 2016 to July 2017.

Exposures: Residing in the United States.

Main Outcomes And Measures: Cardiovascular disease disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs).

Results: Between 1990 and 2016, age-standardized CVD DALYs for all states decreased. Several states had large rises in their relative rank ordering for total CVD DALYs among states, including Arkansas, Oklahoma, Alabama, Kentucky, Missouri, Indiana, Kansas, Alaska, and Iowa. The rate of decline varied widely across states, and CVD burden increased for a small number of states in the most recent years. Cardiovascular disease DALYs remained twice as large among men compared with women. Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of CVD DALYs in all states, but the second most common varied by state. Trends were driven by 12 groups of risk factors, with the largest attributable CVD burden due to dietary risk exposures followed by high systolic blood pressure, high body mass index, high total cholesterol level, high fasting plasma glucose level, tobacco smoking, and low levels of physical activity. Increases in risk-deleted CVD DALY rates between 2006 and 2016 in 16 states suggest additional unmeasured risks beyond these traditional factors.

Conclusions And Relevance: Large disparities in total burden of CVD persist between US states despite marked improvements in CVD burden. Differences in CVD burden are largely attributable to modifiable risk exposures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamacardio.2018.0385DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6145754PMC
May 2018

Child and Adolescent Health From 1990 to 2015: Findings From the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2015 Study.

Authors:
Nicholas Kassebaum Hmwe Hmwe Kyu Leo Zoeckler Helen Elizabeth Olsen Katie Thomas Christine Pinho Zulfiqar A Bhutta Lalit Dandona Alize Ferrari Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot Simon I Hay Yohannes Kinfu Xiaofeng Liang Alan Lopez Deborah Carvalho Malta Ali H Mokdad Mohsen Naghavi George C Patton Joshua Salomon Benn Sartorius Roman Topor-Madry Stein Emil Vollset Andrea Werdecker Harvey A Whiteford Kalkidan Hasen Abate Kaja Abbas Solomon Abrha Damtew Muktar Beshir Ahmed Nadia Akseer Rajaa Al-Raddadi Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu Khalid Altirkawi Amanuel Alemu Abajobir Azmeraw T Amare Carl A T Antonio Johan Arnlov Al Artaman Hamid Asayesh Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho Ashish Awasthi Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla Umar Bacha Balem Demtsu Betsu Aleksandra Barac Till Winfried Bärnighausen Estifanos Baye Neeraj Bedi Isabela M Bensenor Adugnaw Berhane Eduardo Bernabe Oscar Alberto Bernal Addisu Shunu Beyene Sibhatu Biadgilign Boris Bikbov Cheryl Anne Boyce Alexandra Brazinova Gessessew Bugssa Hailu Austin Carter Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela Ferrán Catalá-López Fiona J Charlson Abdulaal A Chitheer Jee-Young Jasmine Choi Liliana G Ciobanu John Crump Rakhi Dandona Robert P Dellavalle Amare Deribew Gabrielle deVeber Daniel Dicker Eric L Ding Manisha Dubey Amanuel Yesuf Endries Holly E Erskine Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon Andre Faro Farshad Farzadfar Joao C Fernandes Daniel Obadare Fijabi Christina Fitzmaurice Thomas D Fleming Luisa Sorio Flor Kyle J Foreman Richard C Franklin Maya S Fraser Joseph J Frostad Nancy Fullman Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs Alemseged Aregay Gebru Johanna M Geleijnse Katherine B Gibney Mahari Gidey Yihdego Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi Melkamu Dedefo Gishu Tessema Assefa Gizachew Elizabeth Glaser Audra L Gold Ellen Goldberg Philimon Gona Atsushi Goto Harish Chander Gugnani Guohong Jiang Rajeev Gupta Fisaha Haile Tesfay Graeme J Hankey Rasmus Havmoeller Martha Hijar Masako Horino H Dean Hosgood Guoqing Hu Kathryn H Jacobsen Mihajlo B Jakovljevic Sudha P Jayaraman Vivekanand Jha Tariku Jibat Catherine O Johnson Jost Jonas Amir Kasaeian Norito Kawakami Peter N Keiyoro Ibrahim Khalil Young-Ho Khang Jagdish Khubchandani Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri Christian Kieling Daniel Kim Niranjan Kissoon Luke D Knibbs Ai Koyanagi Kristopher J Krohn Barthelemy Kuate Defo Burcu Kucuk Bicer Rachel Kulikoff G Anil Kumar Dharmesh Kumar Lal Hilton Y Lam Heidi J Larson Anders Larsson Dennis Odai Laryea Janni Leung Stephen S Lim Loon-Tzian Lo Warren D Lo Katharine J Looker Paulo A Lotufo Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek Reza Malekzadeh Desalegn Markos Shifti Mohsen Mazidi Peter A Meaney Kidanu Gebremariam Meles Peter Memiah Walter Mendoza Mubarek Abera Mengistie Gebremichael Welday Mengistu George A Mensah Ted R Miller Charles Mock Alireza Mohammadi Shafiu Mohammed Lorenzo Monasta Ulrich Mueller Chie Nagata Aliya Naheed Grant Nguyen Quyen Le Nguyen Elaine Nsoesie In-Hwan Oh Anselm Okoro Jacob Olusegun Olusanya Bolajoko O Olusanya Alberto Ortiz Deepak Paudel David M Pereira Norberto Perico Max Petzold Michael Robert Phillips Guilherme V Polanczyk Farshad Pourmalek Mostafa Qorbani Anwar Rafay Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar Mahfuzar Rahman Rajesh Kumar Rai Usha Ram Zane Rankin Giuseppe Remuzzi Andre M N Renzaho Hirbo Shore Roba David Rojas-Rueda Luca Ronfani Rajesh Sagar Juan Ramon Sanabria Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed Itamar S Santos Maheswar Satpathy Monika Sawhney Ben Schöttker David C Schwebel James G Scott Sadaf G Sepanlou Amira Shaheen Masood Ali Shaikh June She Rahman Shiri Ivy Shiue Inga Dora Sigfusdottir Jasvinder Singh Naris Silpakit Alison Smith Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy Jeffrey D Stanaway Dan J Stein Caitlyn Steiner Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan Soumya Swaminathan Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos Karen M Tabb Fentaw Tadese Mohammad Tavakkoli Bineyam Taye Stephanie Teeple Teketo Kassaw Tegegne Girma Temam Shifa Abdullah Sulieman Terkawi Bernadette Thomas Alan J Thomson Ruoyan Tobe-Gai Marcello Tonelli Bach Xuan Tran Christopher Troeger Kingsley N Ukwaja Olalekan Uthman Tommi Vasankari Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov Elisabete Weiderpass Robert Weintraub Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot Ronny Westerman Hywel C Williams Charles D A Wolfe Rachel Woodbrook Yuichiro Yano Naohiro Yonemoto Seok-Jun Yoon Mustafa Z Younis Chuanhua Yu Maysaa El Sayed Zaki Elias Asfaw Zegeye Liesl Joanna Zuhlke Christopher J L Murray Theo Vos

JAMA Pediatr 2017 06;171(6):573-592

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle.

Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health.

Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion.

Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger. A composite indicator of income, education, and fertility was developed (Socio-demographic Index [SDI]) for each geographic unit and year, which evaluates the historical association between SDI and health loss.

Findings: Global child and adolescent mortality decreased from 14.18 million (95% uncertainty interval [UI], 14.09 million to 14.28 million) deaths in 1990 to 7.26 million (95% UI, 7.14 million to 7.39 million) deaths in 2015, but progress has been unevenly distributed. Countries with a lower SDI had a larger proportion of mortality burden (75%) in 2015 than was the case in 1990 (61%). Most deaths in 2015 occurred in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Global trends were driven by reductions in mortality owing to infectious, nutritional, and neonatal disorders, which in the aggregate led to a relative increase in the importance of noncommunicable diseases and injuries in explaining global disease burden. The absolute burden of disability in children and adolescents increased 4.3% (95% UI, 3.1%-5.6%) from 1990 to 2015, with much of the increase owing to population growth and improved survival for children and adolescents to older ages. Other than infectious conditions, many top causes of disability are associated with long-term sequelae of conditions present at birth (eg, neonatal disorders, congenital birth defects, and hemoglobinopathies) and complications of a variety of infections and nutritional deficiencies. Anemia, developmental intellectual disability, hearing loss, epilepsy, and vision loss are important contributors to childhood disability that can arise from multiple causes. Maternal and reproductive health remains a key cause of disease burden in adolescent females, especially in lower-SDI countries. In low-SDI countries, mortality is the primary driver of health loss for children and adolescents, whereas disability predominates in higher-SDI locations; the specific pattern of epidemiological transition varies across diseases and injuries.

Conclusions And Relevance: Consistent international attention and investment have led to sustained improvements in causes of health loss among children and adolescents in many countries, although progress has been uneven. The persistence of infectious diseases in some countries, coupled with ongoing epidemiologic transition to injuries and noncommunicable diseases, require all countries to carefully evaluate and implement appropriate strategies to maximize the health of their children and adolescents and for the international community to carefully consider which elements of child and adolescent health should be monitored.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0250DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5540012PMC
June 2017