Publications by authors named "Emanuele Torri"

16 Publications

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Correction: Cazzoletti et al. Risk Factors Associated with Nursing Home COVID-19 Outbreaks: A Retrospective Cohort Study. 2021, , 8434.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Dec 14;18(24). Epub 2021 Dec 14.

Department of Health and Social Policies, Autonomous Province of Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy.

The authors would like to make the following corrections to this paper [...].
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413175DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8701741PMC
December 2021

Risk Factors Associated with Nursing Home COVID-19 Outbreaks: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 10;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Health and Social Policies, Autonomous Province of Trento, 38122 Trento, Italy.

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had a devastating impact on nursing homes/long-term care facilities. This study examined the relationship between geography, size, design, organizational characteristics, and implementation of infection prevention and control (IPC) measures and the extent of COVID-19 outbreaks in nursing homes in the Autonomous Province of Trento (Italy) during the time frame of March-May 2020.

Methods: The analysis included 57 nursing homes (5145 beds). The association between median cumulative incidence of COVID-19 cases among residents and characteristics of nursing homes was assessed by Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test or Spearman rho. To evaluate the potential confounding of geographical area, a 2-level random intercept logistic model was fitted, with level 1 units (patients in nursing homes) nested into level 2 units (nursing homes), and "being a COVID-19 case" as the dependent variable.

Results: Median cumulative incidence was not significantly associated with any of the variables, except for geographical region ( = 0.002). COVID-19 cases clustered in the part of the province bordering the Italian region most affected by the pandemic (Lombardy) (45.2% median cumulative incidence).

Conclusions: Structural/organizational factors and standard IPC measures may not predict the epidemiology of COVID-19 outbreaks and be sufficient alone to protect nursing homes against them.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168434DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8394924PMC
August 2021

A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis to Assess the Outcomes in Pre- and Post-Fast-Track Hip and Knee Elective Prosthesis Patients.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 12;10(4). Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Healthcare Research and Implementation Program, 38123 Trento, Italy.

Fast-track surgery is a multimodal evidence-based approach to perioperative care aimed at reducing complications and recovery time. We compared a fast-track protocol to standard care in the setting of a small Italian general hospital. Propensity score estimation before and after the study was performed to compare pre-fast-track (pre-FT; January 2013-March 2014) and fast-track (FT; January 2016-December 2016) patients undergoing elective hip and knee replacement surgery with a three-year follow-up (up to January 2020). The primary endpoints were the mean hemoglobin drop, mean predischarge hemoglobin, transfusion and reinfusion rates, pain, ambulation day, hospital length of stay (LOS), and discharge to home/outpatient care or rehabilitation hospital center. The secondary endpoints were the adherence measures to the FT protocol, namely, tourniquet and surgical times, use of drains and catheters, type of anesthesia administered, and complications within three years. The risk difference (RD) and the adjusted odds ratio (aOR) were calculated for each outcome. After the propensity score estimation, we analyzed 59 patients in the pre-FT and 122 in the FT categories. The FT patients, with respect to the pre-FT patients, ameliorated their mean hemoglobin drop from 3.7 to 3.1 g/dl ( < 0.01) and improved their predischarge mean hemoglobin (10.5 g/dL versus 11.0 g/dL; = 0.01). Furthermore, the aOR of being transfused was reduced by 81% ( < 0,01); the RD of being reinfused was reduced by 63% ( < 0.01); the aOR of having low pain on the first day was increased by more than six times ( < 0.01); the RD of ambulating the first day increased by 91% ( < 0.01); the aOR of admission to a rehabilitation hospital center was reduced by 98% ( < 0.01); the aOR of home discharge increased by 42 times ( < 0.01); the median LOS, tourniquet and surgical times, and use of catheters and drains significantly decreased. Patients with complications at 1 month were 43.1% and 38.2%, respectively, of pre-FT and FT patients ( = 0.63). Complications at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were significantly lower for the FT patients. This study showed that the uptake of enhanced recovery practices was successful and resulted in the improvement of clinical and organizational outcomes. The fast-track concept and related programs may optimize perioperative care and streamline surgical and rehabilitation care paths.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040741DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7918409PMC
February 2021

NEWS2 is a valuable tool for appropriate clinical management of COVID-19 patients.

Eur J Intern Med 2021 03 21;85:118-120. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Internal Medicine ward, Santa Maria del Carmine Hospital, Azienda Provinciale per i Servizi Sanitari, Rovereto, Trento, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejim.2020.11.020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7751376PMC
March 2021

Italian Public Health Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Case Report from the Field, Insights and Challenges for the Department of Prevention.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 05 22;17(10). Epub 2020 May 22.

Department of Prevention, Local Health Authority of Trento, Autonomous Province of Trento, 38123 Trento, Italy.

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak is rapidly progressing globally, and Italy, as one of the main pandemic hotspots, may provide some hard lessons for other countries. In this paper, we summarize the current organizational capacity and provide a pragmatic and narrative account of strategies and activities implemented by the Department of Prevention (Dipartimento di Prevenzione)-the regional entity of the Local Health Authority of the Italian National Health Service in charge of public health-since the beginning of the outbreak. We conduct a preliminary analysis of general strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of the response strategies from a local perspective. Furthermore, we provide firsthand insights on future directions and priorities to manage this unprecedented pandemic. Our case report gives a qualitative view of the healthcare response, based on the experience of frontline professionals, with the aim to generate hypotheses about factors which may promote or hinder the prevention and management of a pandemic locally. We highlight the importance of a public health approach for responding to COVID-19 and reshaping healthcare systems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103666DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7277676PMC
May 2020

Public Health Decision-Making in the Real World: Four Points to Reshape It After COVID-19.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2020 08 21;14(4):504-505. Epub 2020 Apr 21.

Department of Industrial Engineering - BIOtech Labs, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/dmp.2020.108DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7211795PMC
August 2020

Attitudes of Nursing Home Staff Towards Influenza Vaccination: Opinions and Factors Influencing Hesitancy.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 03 12;17(6). Epub 2020 Mar 12.

Department of Health and Social Policy, Autonomous Province of Trento, 38121 Trent, Italy.

Seasonal influenza is recognized to be a significant public health problem and a cause of death, especially in fragile persons. In nursing homes (NHs), vaccination for both residents and staff is the best preventive strategy. However, professionals' immunization rates are far from reaching the international recommended values. This study aims to describe the adherence and attitudes of NH staff towards flu vaccination and to explore staff hesitancy. A questionnaire was developed based on a literature review and on the 3Cs (confidence, complacency, convenience) of the WHO framework and administered among the staff of four NHs of a province in the northeast of Italy. Results demonstrated a low adherence towards annual vaccination (i.e., only 3% declared getting the flu vaccination each year). Complacency, confidence and convenience all showed a significant impact on the attitude towards vaccination both in univariate and multivariable analysis, with complacency being the most strongly associated area. The area of confidence resulted in strongly challenging factors. Only 24.8% of interviewees appeared trustful towards the efficacy of receiving immunization and 34% declared safety issues. Insights from the study can support the implementation of effective interventions to improve vaccination adherence in NHs. Specifically, increasing complacency by raising awareness related to the risks of influenza appears to be an essential strategy to effectively promote vaccination uptake.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17061851DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7143910PMC
March 2020

[From scientific evidence to clinical recommendations: outlooks and challenges for the SIN (Italian Society of Nephrology)].

G Ital Nefrol 2019 Sep 24;36(5). Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Società Italiana di Nefrologia, Roma; Unità Operativa di Nefrologia, Ospedale S. Chiara, Trento.

According to the new Clinical Guidelines National Plan, Scientific Societies take on a key role in creating and implementing guidelines within the National Health System. We chart the efforts of our Society in creating the right kind of expertise and closing the gap with Scientific Societies abroad.
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September 2019

A model based on intensity of medical care may improve outcomes for internal medicine patients in Italy.

PLoS One 2019 31;14(1):e0211548. Epub 2019 Jan 31.

Azienda Provinciale per i Servizi Sanitari, Ospedale "S. Chiara" Trento, U.O. Medicina Interna, Trento, Italy.

Background: In medical wards, to guarantee safe, sustainable and effective treatments to heterogeneous and complex patients, care should be graduated into different levels of clinical intensity based on a standardised assessment of acute-illness severity. To support this assumption, we conducted a prospective observational study on all unselected admissions of 3,381 patients to a medium size internal Italian Medicine Unit by comparing Standard Medical Care model (SMC) to a new paradigm of patient admission based on Intensity of Medical Care (IMC).

Methods: The SMC operated during 2013, while an IMC organizational model started in 2014. In SMC, patient's admission was performed according to bed availability only. In IMC, after the stratification of clinical instability performed using the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) and clinical judgment, patients were allocated to three different ward areas (high, middle, and post-acute medical care). We compared clinical and organizational outcomes of IMC patients (2015) to SMC patients (2013), performing adjusted logistic regression model.

Results: We managed 1,609 and 1,772 patients using SMC and IMC, respectively. The IMC seemed to be associated to a lower risk of clinical worsening for patients. Comparing IMC to SMC, the odds ratio (aOR) for urgent transfers to intensive care units was 0.69 (p = 0.03), and for combination of urgent transfers and early deaths was 0.68 (p<0.01).

Conclusions: Redesigning the configuration of internal medicine ward to support urgency and competency of the clinical response by applying IMC paradigm based on the NEWS, improved outcomes in patients with acute illness and enhanced ward performances.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0211548PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6354996PMC
November 2019

Control and prevention measures for legionellosis in hospitals: A cross-sectional survey in Italy.

Environ Res 2018 10 1;166:55-60. Epub 2018 Jun 1.

ASO "SS. Antonio, Biagio and C. Arrigo", Str. Venezia 17, 15121 Alessandria, Italy.

Risk assessment, environmental monitoring, and the disinfection of water systems are the key elements in preventing legionellosis risk. The Italian Study Group of Hospital Hygiene of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine, and Public Health and the Italian Multidisciplinary Society for the Prevention of Health Care-Associated Infections carried out a national cross-sectional survey to investigate the measures taken to prevent and control legionellosis in Italian hospitals. A multiple-choice questionnaire was developed, comprising 71 questions regarding hospital location, general characteristics, clinical and environmental surveillance, and control and preventive measures for legionellosis in 2015. Overall, 739 hospitals were enrolled from February to June 2017, and 178 anonymous questionnaires were correctly completed and evaluated (response rate: 24.1%). The survey was conducted using the SurveyMonkey® platform, and the data were analyzed using Stata 12 software. Of the participating hospitals, 63.2% reported at least one case of legionellosis, of which 28.2% were of proven nosocomial origin. The highest case numbers were reported in the Northern Italy, in hospitals with a pavilion structure or cooling towers, and in hospitals with higher numbers of beds, wards and operating theaters. Laboratory diagnosis was performed using urinary antigen testing alone (31.9%), both urinary antigen testing and single antibody titer (17.8%), or with seroconversion also added (21.5%). Culture-based or molecular investigations were performed in 28.8% and 22.1% of the clinical specimens, respectively. The water systems were routinely tested for Legionella in 97.4% of the hospitals, 62% of which detected a positive result (> 1000 cfu/L). Legionella pneumophila serogroup 2-15 was the most frequently isolated species (58.4%). The most common control measures were the disinfection of the water system (73.7%), mostly through thermal shock (37.4%) and chlorine dioxide (34.4%), and the replacement (69.7%) or cleaning (70.4%) of faucets and showerheads. A dedicated multidisciplinary team was present in 52.8% of the hospitals, and 73% of the hospitals performed risk assessment. Targeted training courses were organized in 36.5% of the hospitals, involving nurses (30.7%), physicians (28.8%), biologists (21.5%), technicians (26.4%), and cleaners (11%). Control and prevention measures for legionellosis are present in Italian hospitals, but some critical aspects should be improved. More appropriate risk assessment is necessary, especially in large facilities with a high number of hospitalizations. Moreover, more sensitive diagnostic tests should be used, and dedicated training courses should be implemented.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.05.030DOI Listing
October 2018

Application of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) as a stratification tool on admission in an Italian acute medical ward: A perspective study.

Int J Clin Pract 2017 Mar 9;71(3-4). Epub 2017 Mar 9.

Healthcare Research and Innovation Program, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Trento, Italy.

Aim: We aimed to assess the performance of the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) as tool for patient risk stratification at admission in an acute Internal Medicine ward and to ensure patient placement in ward areas with the required and most appropriate intensity of care. As secondary objective, we considered NEWS performance in two subgroups of patients: sudden cardiac events (acute coronary syndromes and arrhythmic events), and chronic respiratory insufficiency.

Methods: We conducted a perspective cohort single centre study on 2,677 unselected patients consecutively admitted from July 2013 to March 2015 in the Internal Medicine ward of the hospital of Trento, Italy. The NEWS was mandatory collected on ward admission. We defined three risk categories for clinical deterioration: low score (NEWS 0-4), medium score (NEWS 5-6), and high score (NEWS≥7). Following adverse outcomes were considered: total and early (<72 hours) in-hospital mortality, urgent transfers to a higher intensity of care. A logistic regression model quantified the association between outcomes and NEWS.

Results: For patients with NEWS >4 vs patients with NEWS <4, the risk of early death increased from 12 to 36 times, total mortality from 3.5 to 9, and urgent transfers from 3.5 to 7. In patients with sudden cardiac events, lower scores were significantly associated with higher risk of transfer to a higher intensity of care. In patients affected by chronic hypoxaemia, adverse outcomes occurred less in medium and high score categories of NEWS.

Conclusions: National Early Warning Score assessed on ward admission may enable risk stratification of clinical deterioration and can be a good predictor of in-hospital serious adverse outcomes, although sudden cardiac events and chronic hypoxaemia could constitute some limits.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12934DOI Listing
March 2017

Survival and time-to-transplantation of peritoneal dialysis versus hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease patients: competing-risks regression model in a single Italian center experience.

J Nephrol 2017 Jun 29;30(3):441-447. Epub 2016 Nov 29.

U.O. Nefrologia, APSS Trento, Trento, Italy.

Aims: Despite several studies reporting similar outcomes for peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD), the former is underused worldwide, with a PD prevalence of 15% in Italy. In 2008, the Unit of Nephrology and Dialysis of the Healthcare Trust of the Autonomous Province of Trento implemented a successful PD program which has increased the proportion of PD incident patients from 7 to 47%. We aimed to assess the effect of this extensive use of PD by comparing HD and PD in terms of survival and time-to-transplantation.

Methods: A total of 334 HD and 153 PD incident patients were enrolled between January 2008 and December 2014. After screening for exclusion criteria and propensity score matching, 279 HD and 132 PD patients were analyzed. Survival and time-to-transplantation were assessed by competing-risks regression models, using death and transplantation as primary and competing events.

Results: Crude and adjusted regression models for survival revealed the absence of significant differences between HD and PD cumulative incidence functions (subhazard ratio: 1.09, p = 0.62 and 1.34, p = 0.10, respectively). Differently, crude and adjusted regression models for transplantation revealed a lower time-to-transplantation for PD versus HD patients (subhazard ratio: 2.34, p < 0.01, and 2.57, p < 0.01, respectively). The waiting time for placement in the transplant waiting list was longer in HD than PD patients (330 vs. 224 days, p < 0.01).

Conclusions: The extensive use of PD did not lead to any statistically significant difference in mortality. Furthermore, PD was associated with lower time to transplantation. PD may be a viable option for large-scale dialytic treatment in the advanced chronic kidney disease population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40620-016-0366-6DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5437127PMC
June 2017

Can clinical use of Social Media improve quality of care in mental Health? A Health Technology Assessment approach in an Italian mental health service.

Psychiatr Danub 2015 Sep;27 Suppl 1:S103-10

Healthcare Trust of the Autonomous Province of Trento, Mental Health Department, Via S. Giovanni Bosco, 10, Trento, Italy,

Clinical use of modern Information and Communication Technologies such as Social Media (SM) can easily reach and empower groups of population at risk or affected by chronic diseases, and promote improvement of quality of care. In the paper we present an assessment of SM (i.e. e-mails, websites, on line social networks, apps) in the management of mental disorders, carried out in the Mental Health Service of Trento (Italy) according to Health Technology Assessment criteria. A systematic review of literature was performed to evaluate technical features, safety and effectiveness of SM. To understand usage rate and attitude towards new social technologies of patients and professionals, we performed a context analysis by a survey conducted over a group of 88 psychiatric patients and a group of 35 professionals. At last, we made recommendations for decision makers in order to promote SM for the management of mental disorders in a context of prioritization of investments in health care.
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September 2015

An EFQM excellence model for integrated healthcare governance.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2015 ;28(2):156-72

Centre for Leadership in Medicine, Institute of Public Health, Udine, Italy, AND, Autonomous Province of Trento Healthcare Trust, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to account for a ten-year experience with the European Foundation for Quality Management (EFQM) Excellence Model implemented in the Trento Healthcare Trust.

Design/methodology/approach: Since 2000, the EFQM Excellence Model provided an overarching framework to streamline business process governance, to support and improve its enablers and results. From 2000 to 2009, staff performed four internal (self) and four external EFQM-based assessments that provided guidance for an integrated management system. Over the years, key controls and assurances improved service quality through business planning, learning and practice cycles.

Findings: Rising assessment ratings and improving results characterized the journey. The average self-assessment score (on a 1,000 points scale) was 290 in 2001, which increased to 610 in 2008. Since 2006, the Trust has been Recognized for Excellence (four stars). The organization improved significantly on customer satisfaction, people results and key service delivery and outcomes.

Practical Implications: The EFQM Model can act as an effective tool to meet governance demands and promote system-level results. The approach to integrated governance discussed here may support similar change processes in comparable organizations.

Originality/value: The paper describes a unique experience when implementing EFQM within a large Italian healthcare system, which had a broader reach and lasted longer than any experience in Italian healthcare.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJHCQA-02-2014-0022DOI Listing
October 2015

[Identikit of the patient who chooses the PD. Experience of the Autonomous Province of Trento].

G Ital Nefrol 2015 Jan-Feb;32(1)

Peritoneal dialysis is a method still underused in Italy. In the Autonomous Province of Trento (PAT) since 2008 has been implemented, with excellent results, a program for the enhancement of the use of this therapy. The most important innovation was the introduction of a questionnaire proposed by nurses to patients in pre-dialysis colloquia. The questionnaire aimed to outline the patient personal and family profile in relation to the chosen dialysis methods. We analyzed 174 questionnaires collected from 1/04/2008 to 01/12/2015. Among these 84 patients had opted for the peritoneal dialysis (PD) and 90 had chosen the Hemodialysis (HD). The questionnaire comparison shown that the patient who opted for the PD have a more positive attitude towards this method. PD patient had more often a job, lived far away from the center of HD, had more frequently the support of a family and had a psychological profile more "sad" or "emotional" than the HD patient, who was more "insecure". On the other hand, factors like age, type of family, degree of autonomy and nationality do not affect the choice about dialysis.
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October 2016

The timing of adoption of positron emission tomography: a real options approach.

Health Care Manag Sci 2009 Sep;12(3):217-27

Department of Law and Economics, University of Verona, Via dell'Artigliere 19, 37129 Verona, Italy.

This paper presents the economic evaluation from a hospital's perspective of the investment in positron emission tomography, adopting a real options approach. The installation of this equipment requires a major capital outlay, while uncertainty on several key variables is substantial. The value of several timing strategies, including sequential investment, is determined taking into account that future decisions will be based on the information available at that time. The results show that adopting this approach may have an impact on the timing of investment, because postponing the investment may be optimal even when the Expected Net Present Value of the project is positive.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10729-008-9085-4DOI Listing
September 2009
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