Publications by authors named "Emanuela Dell' Aquila"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

The first report on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine refusal by patients with solid cancer in Italy: Early data from a single-institute survey.

Eur J Cancer 2021 08 26;153:260-264. Epub 2021 May 26.

Medical Oncology 1, IRCCS Regina Elena National Cancer Institute, Rome, Italy; Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Molecolare, Università La Sapienza di Roma, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Patients with cancer have an increased risk of complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, including death, and thus, they were considered as high-priority subjects for COVID-19 vaccination. We report on the compliance with the COVID-19 vaccine of patients affected by solid tumours.

Materials And Methods: Patients with cancer afferent to Medical Oncology 1 Unit of Regina Elena National Cancer Institute in Rome were considered eligible for vaccination if they were receiving systemic immunosuppressive antitumor treatment or received it in the last 6 months or having an uncontrolled advanced disease. The Pfizer BNT162b2 vaccine was proposed to all candidates via phone or during a scheduled visit. The reasons for refusal were collected by administrating a 6-item multiple-choice questionnaire.

Results: From 1st March to 20th March 2021, of 914 eligible patients, 102 refused vaccination (11.2%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 9.1-13.2). The most frequent (>10%) reasons reported were concerns about vaccine-related adverse events (48.1%), negative interaction with concomitant antitumor therapy (26.7%), and the fear of allergic reaction (10.7%). The refusal rate (RR) after 15th March (date of AstraZeneca-AZD1222 suspension) was more than doubled compared with the RR observed before (19.7% versus 8.6%, odds ratio [OR] 2.60, 95% CI 1.69-3.99; P < 0.0001). ECOG-PS 2 was associated with higher RR compared with ECOG-PS 0-1 (OR 2.94, 95% CI 1.04-8.34; P = 0.04). No statistically significant differences in RR according to other clinical characteristics were found.

Conclusions: Our experience represents the first worldwide report on the adherence of patients with cancer to COVID-19 vaccination and underlines how regulatory decisions and media news spreading could influence the success of the campaign.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2021.05.006DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8149194PMC
August 2021

Response to cabozantinib in renal cell carcinoma with cardiac metastases.

Anticancer Drugs 2020 03;31(3):314-318

Department of Oncology, Campus Bio-Medico University, Rome, Italy.

In metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients, cardiac metastases are a rare and often a post-mortem finding. Clinical manifestations of cardiac metastases have a late onset and include pericardial effusions, heart failure and embolic phenomena. Treatment of cardiac metastasis is not yet standardized, and few data are available about the efficacy of TKI on treatment of cardiac metastases in mRCC patients. In this report, we describe the case of a 66-year-old male who presented with mRCC with lung and cardiac metastases treated with cabozantinib, a multikinase inhibitor that was administered in second line after disease progression with sunitinib. To date, there are no data about the safety and efficacy of cabozantinib in mRCC with cardiac metastasis. In a real word analysis, cabozantinib demonstrated to be associated to a modest risk of developing left ventricular heart failure. It is unknown if this risk is higher in mRCC population with cardiac metastases. We report the first evidence of efficacy and safety of cabozantinib in cardiac mRCC patients, probably due to its specific inhibition of several molecular intracellular pathways. Additional molecular and clinical studies are needed before well tolerated and efficacy of cabozantinib treatment for these patients can be fully understood.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CAD.0000000000000889DOI Listing
March 2020
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