Publications by authors named "Elvira Sultanova"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treosulfan-Based Conditioning Regimen in Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with TCRαβ/CD19 Depletion in Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome.

J Clin Immunol 2020 08 30;40(6):861-871. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Samory Mashela str, Moscow, Russia, 117997.

Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a DNA repair disorder characterized by combined immunodeficiency and a high predisposition to malignancies. HSCT appears to cure immunodeficiency, but remains challenging due to limited experience in long-term risks of transplant-associated toxicity and malignancies. Twenty NBS patients received 22 allogeneic HSCTs with TCRαβ/CD19+ graft depletion with fludarabine 150 mg/m, cyclophosphamide 20-40 mg/kg and thymoglobulin 5 mg/kg based conditioning regimens (CRs). Twelve patients additionally received low-dose busulfan 4 mg/kg (Bu group) and 10 patients (including 2 recipients of a second HSCT) treosulfan (Treo group) 30 g/m. Overall and event-free survival were 0.75 vs 1 (p = 0.16) and 0.47 vs 0.89 (p = 0.1) in the Bu and Treo groups, respectively. In the Bu group, four patients developed graft rejection, and three died: two died of de novo and relapsed lymphomas and one died of adenoviral hepatitis. The four living patients exhibited split chimerism with predominantly recipient myeloid cells and predominantly donor T and B lymphocytes. In Treo group, one patient developed rhabdomyosarcoma. There was no difference in the incidence of GVHD, viral reactivation, or early toxicity between either group. Low-dose Bu-containing CR in NBS leads to increased graft failure and low donor myeloid chimerism. Treo-CR followed by TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT demonstrates a low level of early transplant-associated toxicity and enhanced graft function with stable donor chimerism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-020-00811-9DOI Listing
August 2020

Mismatched related vs matched unrelated donors in TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT for primary immunodeficiencies.

Blood 2019 11;134(20):1755-1763

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion effectively prevents graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In the current study, we compared the outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with TCRαβ+/CD19+ depletion from matched unrelated donors (MUDs) and mismatched related donors (MMRDs) in patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID). A total of 98 pediatric patients with various PIDs underwent HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion from MUDs (n = 75) and MMRDs (n = 23). All patients received a fludarabine-/treosulfan-based conditioning regimen, with 73 also receiving a second alkylating agent. For GVHD prophylaxis, all but 2 received serotherapy (antithymocyte globulin) before HSCT and a short course of posttransplant immunosuppression. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment in both the MUD and MMRD groups occurred on days 14 and 13, respectively. The incidence of secondary graft failure was 0.16 and 0.17 (P = .85), respectively. The cumulative incidence of acute GVHD grade 2 to 4 was 0.17 in the MUD group and 0.22 in the MMRD group (P = .7). The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia was 0.5 in the MUD group and 0.6 in the MMRD group (P = .35). The frequency of CMV disease was high (17%), and the most common manifestation was retinitis. The kinetics of immune recovery was similar in both groups. The overall survival was 0.86 in the MUD group and 0.87 in the MMRD group (P = .95). In our experience, there was no difference in the outcomes of HSCT performed from MUD and MMRD. Hence, given the immediate availability of donors, in the absence of HLA-identical siblings, HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion from MMRDs can be considered as the first choice in patients with PID.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019001757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6856988PMC
November 2019

Malvone A, a phytoalexin found in Malva sylvestris (family Malvaceae).

Phytochemistry 2006 Nov 22;67(21):2376-9. Epub 2006 Sep 22.

A.S. Sadykov Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Academy of Science Uzbekistan, Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

The isolation and structure of a phytoalexin, malvone A (2-methyl-3-methoxy-5,6-dihydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is reported. Malvone A formation is induced in Malva sylvestris L. by the plant pathogen Verticillium dahliae. In a turbimetric assay for toxicity to V. dahliae, it had an ED50 value of 24 microg/ml. The structure of malvone A was determined by MS and NMR spectroscopy, and by X-ray crystallographic analysis. The X-ray analysis showed water molecules were located in channels that run along the a-axis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2006.08.010DOI Listing
November 2006
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