Publications by authors named "Elton Pedro Nunes Pena"

2 Publications

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Evaluation of quality and gene expression of goat embryos produced in vivo and in vitro after cryopreservation.

Cryobiology 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Laboratory of Reproductive Biotechniques, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil. Electronic address:

In the present study, we aimed to identify morphological and molecular changes of in vivo and in vitro-produced goat embryos submitted to cryopreservation. In vivo embryos were recovered by transcervical technique from superovulated goats, whereas in vitro produced embryos were produced from ovaries collected at a slaughterhouse. Embryos were frozen by two-steps slow freezing method, which is defined as freezing to -32 °C followed by transfer to liquid nitrogen. Morphological evaluation of embryos was carried out by assessing blastocoel re-expansion rate and the total number of blastomeres. The expression profile of candidate genes related to thermal and oxidative stress, apoptosis, epigenetic, and implantation control was measured using RT-qPCR based SYBR Green system. In silico analyses were performed to identify conserved genes in goat species and protein-protein interaction networks were created. In vivo-produced embryos showed greater blastocoel re-expansion and more blastomere cells (P < 0.05). The expression level of CTP2 and HSP90 genes from in vitro cryopreserved embryos was higher than their in vivo counterparts. Unlikely, no significant difference was observed in the transcription level of SOD gene between groups. The high similarity of CPT2 and HSP90 proteins to their orthologs among mammals indicates that they share conserved functions. In summary, cryopreservation negatively affects the morphology and viability of goat embryos produced in vitro and changes the CPT2 and HSP90 gene expression likely in response to the in vitro production process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cryobiol.2021.04.008DOI Listing
May 2021

Comparative proteomic analyses reveal the metabolic aspects and biotechnological potential of nitrate assimilation in the yeast Dekkera bruxellensis.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Feb 4;105(4):1585-1600. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Laboratory of Microbial Genetics, Department of Genetics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, 50760-901, Brazil.

The yeast Dekkera bruxellensis is well-known for its adaptation to industrial ethanol fermentation processes, which can be further improved if nitrate is present in the substrate. To date, the assimilation of nitrate has been considered inefficient because of the apparent energy cost imposed on cell metabolism. Recent research, however, has shown that nitrate promotes growth rate and ethanol yield when oxygen is absent from the environment. Given this, the present work aimed to identify the biological mechanisms behind this physiological behaviour. Proteomic analyses comparing four contrasting growth conditions gave some clues on how nitrate could be used as primary nitrogen source by D. bruxellensis GDB 248 (URM 8346) cells in anaerobiosis. The superior anaerobic growth in nitrate seems to be a consequence of increased cell metabolism (glycolytic pathway, production of ATP and NADPH and anaplerotic reactions providing metabolic intermediates) regulated by balanced activation of TORC1 and NCR de-repression mechanisms. On the other hand, the poor growth observed in aerobiosis is likely due to an oxidative stress triggered by nitrate when oxygen is present. These results represent a milestone regarding the knowledge about nitrate metabolism and might be explored for future use of D. bruxellensis as an industrial yeast. KEY POINTS: • Nitrate can be regarded as preferential nitrogen source for D. bruxellensis. • Oxidative stress limits the growth of D. bruxellensis in nitrate in aerobiosis. • Nitrate is a nutrient for novel industrial bioprocesses using D. bruxellensis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-021-11117-0DOI Listing
February 2021