Publications by authors named "Ellen K Kallander"

2 Publications

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'I have cried a lot': a qualitative study on children experiencing severe parental illness.

Scand J Caring Sci 2020 Dec 3. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Faculty of Health Sciences, OsloMet - Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Background: A considerable body of research has explored implications of severe parental illness on children. However, less is known about what children and adolescents with a severely ill parent experience as the most challenging.

Aims: To describe what children with a severely ill parent experience as their most difficult challenge.

Methods: A qualitative descriptive design with a manifest content analysis was used on data from a cross-sectional, multicenter study on children of patients in five Norwegian Health trusts. Data consisted of written textual responds from 238 children (age 8-18) to one open-ended question in a self-report questionnaire.

Results: The overall theme concerning the children's most difficult challenge was named 'the drama of life unfoldment', reflecting the parental illness' impact on themselves, their relationships with others, and their life circumstances. The subthemes consisted of: Children's experiences of difficult thoughts and feelings; negatively impaired relationship with parents, friends and others; and challenging life events and obstacles in welfare.

Conclusions: The most difficult challenge experienced by the children with a severely ill parent implies life unfoldment challenges and include negative personal and relational impact, challenging life events and obstacles in welfare.
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December 2020

Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children of ill or substance abusing parents: examining factor structure and sub-group differences.

Qual Life Res 2019 Apr 26;28(4):1063-1073. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department for Research and Development, Mental Health Services, Akershus University Hospital, Box 1000, 1478, Lørenskog, Norway.

Purpose: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) may be helpful in identifying children at risk of developing adjustment problems. Few studies have focused on HRQoL among children of ill or substance abusing parents despite their considerable risk status. In the present study, we used the KIDSCREEN-27 to assess self-reported HRQoL in children and adolescents living in families with parental illness, or substance dependence. First, we tested whether the factor structure of the KIDSCREEN-27 was replicated in this population of children. Next, we examined differences in HRQoL according to age, gender, and type of parental illness. Finally, we compared levels of HRQoL in our sample to a normative reference population.

Method: Two hundred and forty-six children and adolescents aged 8-17 years and their ill parents participated. The construct validity of the KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire was examined by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). T-tests and ANOVA were used to test differences in HRQoL levels according to age, gender, and parental patient groups, and for comparisons with reference population.

Results: The KIDSCREEN-27 fit the theoretical five-factor model of HRQoL reasonably well. Boys and younger children reported significantly greater well-being on physical well-being, psychological well-being, and peers and social support, compared to girls and older children. Younger children also reported significantly greater well-being at school than did older children. There were no significant differences in HRQoL between groups of children living with different type of parental illness. The children in our sample reported their physical well-being significantly lower than the reference population.

Conclusion: The KIDSCREEN-27 questionnaire appears to work satisfactorily among children of ill or substance abusing parents.
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April 2019