Publications by authors named "Elisabetta Merra"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Antioxidant role of hydroxytyrosol on oxidative stress in cadmium-intoxicated rats: different effect in spleen and testes.

Drug Chem Toxicol 2014 Oct 20;37(4):420-6. Epub 2014 Jan 20.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro" , Str. Prov. per Casamassima km 3 , Valenzano, Italy .

Hydroxytyrosol (2-(3,4dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol, (DPE), a phenolic compound present in olive oil, is known to have antioxidant properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of DPE on oxidative stress induced by cadmium injections (CdCl2 2.5 mg/kg body weight) in spleen and testes of adult male rats. Oxidative stress was evaluated by measuring lipid peroxidation by thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) as well as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities in cytosol and mitochondria. We found that in spleen no TBARS formation was detected following CdCl2 injections; however, DPE induces decrease in TBARS level in treated and untreated rats. On the contrary, we observed that DPE showed no effect on cadmium-induced lipid peroxidation in testes. Cytosolic activities of SOD and CAT decreased significantly only in spleen, where DPE restores the values to the control levels. Noteworthy, mitochondrial activities of SOD and CAT were strongly reduced by cadmium treatment both in spleen and testes, and DPE was not be able to restore their activity. Overall, the results from this study indicated that the DPE has different antioxidant efficiency in spleen and testis of cadmium intoxicated rats.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/01480545.2013.878950DOI Listing
October 2014

Impact of manganese neurotoxicity on MMP-9 production and superoxide dismutase activity in rat primary astrocytes. Effect of resveratrol and therapeutical implications for the treatment of CNS diseases.

Toxicol Sci 2013 Sep 28;135(1):218-28. Epub 2013 Jun 28.

Department of Biosciences, Biotechnology and Biopharmaceutics, University of Bari, 70126 Bari, Italy.

Manganese (Mn) is an environmental contaminant and its overexposure contributes to the pathophysiological processes of numerous disorders of the central nervous system in humans with mechanisms of action not completely understood. Activation of astrocytes and the subsequent release of neurotoxic factors have been implicated to contribute to neurodegeneration. Here, we assessed the molecular basis of the effects of Mn on modulation of matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP-2) and -9 (MMP-9) in rat astrocyte cultures. Primary cultures of rat astrocytes were exposed to different doses of MnCl2. Culture supernatants and cell lysates were used for the detection of MMP-2 and MMP-9 levels and mRNA expression, respectively. The exposure of astrocytes to MnCl2 induced the levels and expression of MMP-9 in a dose-dependent manner. The addition of resveratrol (RSV) inhibited both levels and expression of MMP-9 in astrocytes, whereas N-acetylcysteine (NAC) and quercetin (QRC) were ineffective in inhibiting MMP-9. As a possible mechanism of Mn-induced MMP-9, we determined intracellular redox state in Mn-treated astrocytes by assessing superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and found a significant increase of ROS and a decrease of SOD activity. RSV, NAC, and QRC restored the redox state. The study of the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway demonstrated that MMP-9 transcription is mainly regulated by extracellular-regulated protein kinases (ERK). Pretreatment with RSV significantly reduced ERK activation suggesting that its ability to counteract MMP-9 overexpression is due not only to a general redox balance phenomenon but also to the modulation of ERK signaling pathway.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kft146DOI Listing
September 2013

Effects of dietary yeast Saccaromyces cerevisiae on the antioxidant system in the liver of juvenile sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax.

Fish Physiol Biochem 2012 Oct 8;38(5):1497-505. Epub 2012 Apr 8.

Division of Aquaculture, Department of Public Health and Animal Science, University of Bari, Str. Prov. per Casamassima km 3, 70010, Valenzano, Italy.

The main goal of this work was to determine the effect of dietary live yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the oxidative status of sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax juveniles. Fishes were fed on three diets: the GM group were fed a diet containing lyophilized yeast grown on grape must, the CS group were fed a diet containing lyophilized yeast grown on cornstarch, and the control group were fed a diet without yeast. The activity of the main antioxidative enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase, glutathione S-transferase (GST), and glutathione (GSH) content, as well as lipid peroxidation, was measured in the liver of sea bass juveniles 90 days after hatching. Supplementation of the diet with S. cerevisiae significantly reduced the SOD and CAT activity, increased the GST activity, decreased the GSH content, and had no effect on lipid peroxidation. The results support the already reported radical-scavenging properties of yeast and usefulness of its employment as antiperoxidative agent in fish.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10695-012-9640-2DOI Listing
October 2012
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