Publications by authors named "Elisabetta Cappellozza"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Genomic Sequence of a New Detected in Comber (Serranus cabrilla).

Microbiol Resour Announc 2020 Jan 9;9(2). Epub 2020 Jan 9.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie (IZSVe), Department of Comparative Biomedical Sciences, Legnaro, Padua, Italy

The comber alphavirus was isolated from a fish cell line from the brain of an apparently healthy specimen collected during wild fish surveillance in southern Italy. The comber alphavirus is a new member of the genus , family .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/MRA.01294-19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6952657PMC
January 2020

Genomic Sequence of a Ranavirus Isolated from Short-Finned Eel (Anguilla australis).

Genome Announc 2016 Aug 18;4(4). Epub 2016 Aug 18.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA

The short-finned eel ranavirus (SERV) was isolated from short-finned eel imported to Italy from New Zealand. Phylogenomic analyses revealed that SERV is a unique member of the genus Ranavirus, family Iridoviridae, branching at the base of the tree near other fish ranaviruses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/genomeA.00843-16DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4991712PMC
August 2016

In vitro study of the replication capacity of the RGNNV and the SJNNV betanodavirus genotypes and their natural reassortants in response to temperature.

Vet Res 2014 May 20;45:56. Epub 2014 May 20.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, OIE Reference Laboratory for Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy, Viale dell'Università 10, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy.

Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of viral nervous necrosis and affect a broad range of fish species worldwide. Their bi-segmented genome is composed of the RNA1 and the RNA2 molecules encoding the viral polymerase and the coat protein, respectively. In southern Europe the presence of the RGNNV and the SJNNV genotypes, and the RGNNV/SJNNV and RGNNV/SJNNV reassortants has been documented. Several studies have reported a correlation between water temperature and disease onset. To explore the replication efficiency of betanodaviruses with different genomes in relation to temperature and to understand the role of genetic reassortment on viral phenotype, RGNNV, SJNNV, RGNNV/SJNNV and RGNNV/SJNNV field isolates were fully sequenced, and growth curves generated in vitro at four different temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30 °C) were developed for each isolate. The data obtained, corroborated by statistical analysis, demonstrated that viral titres of diverse betanodavirus genotypes varied significantly in relation to the incubation temperature of the culture. In particular, at 30 °C betanodaviruses under investigation presented different phenotypes, and viruses containing the RNA1 of the RGNNV genotype showed the best replication efficiency. Laboratory results demonstrated that viruses clustering within the same genotype based on the polymerase gene, possess similar growth kinetics in response to temperature, thus highlighting the key role of RNA1 in controlling viral replication at different environmental conditions. The results generated might have practical implications for the inference of viral phenotype according to genetic features and may contribute to a better understanding of betanodavirus ecology.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1297-9716-45-56DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4050099PMC
May 2014

Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy in groupers (Epinephelus spp.) in southern Italy: a threat for wild endangered species?

BMC Vet Res 2013 Jan 26;9:20. Epub 2013 Jan 26.

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, viale dell'Università, 10-35020 Legnaro, Padova, Italy.

Background: Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of Viral Encephalopathy and Retinopathy (VER). To date, more than 50 species have proved to be susceptible and among them, those found in genus Epinephelus are highly represented. Clinical disease outbreaks are generally characterized by typical nervous signs and significant mortalities mainly associated with aquaculture activities, although some concerns for the impact of this infection in wild fish have been raised. In this study, the authors present the first documented report describing an outbreak of VER in wild species in the Mediterranean basin.

Case Presentation: In late summer--early winter 2011 (September-December), significant mortalities affecting wild Dusky grouper (Epinephelus marginatus), Golden grouper (Epinephelus costae) and European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) were reported in the municipality of Santa Maria di Leuca (Northern Ionian Sea, Italy). The affected fish showed an abnormal swimming behavior and swollen abdomens. During this epizootic, five moribund fish showing clear neurological signs were captured and underwent laboratory investigations. Analytical results confirmed the diagnosis of VER in all the specimens. Genetic characterization classified all betanodavirus isolates as belonging to the RGNNV genotype, revealing a close genetic relationship with viral sequences obtained from diseased farmed fish reared in the same area in previous years.

Conclusion: The close relationship of the viral sequences between the isolates collected in wild affected fish and those isolated during clinical disease outbreaks in farmed fish in the same area in previous years suggests a persistent circulation of betanodaviruses and transmission between wild and farmed stocks. Further investigations are necessary to assess the risk of viral transmission between wild and farmed fish populations, particularly in marine protected areas where endangered species are present.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1746-6148-9-20DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3566913PMC
January 2013

Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary dynamics of betanodavirus in southern Europe.

Infect Genet Evol 2012 Jan 20;12(1):63-70. Epub 2011 Oct 20.

Research & Innovation Department, Division of Biomedical Science, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale delle Venezie, Viale dell'Università 10, 35020 Legnaro, PD, Italy.

Viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) is one of the most devastating diseases for marine aquaculture, and similarly represents a threat to wild fish populations because of its high infectivity and broad host range. Betanodavirus, the causative agent of VER, is a small non-enveloped virus with a bipartite RNA genome comprising the RNA1 and RNA2 segments. We partially sequenced both RNA1 and RNA2 from 120 viral strains isolated from 2000 to 2009 in six different countries in Southern Europe. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the presence of the red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) (n=96) and striped jack nervous necrosis virus (SJNNV) (n=1) genotypes in Southern Europe, with 23/120 samples classified as RGNNV/SJNNV reassortants. Viruses sampled from individual countries tended to cluster together suggesting a major geographic subdivision among betanodaviruses, although some phylogenetic evidence for viral gene flow was also obtained. Rates of nucleotide substitution were similar to those observed in a broad array of RNA viruses, and revealed a significantly higher evolutionary rate in the polymerase compared to the coat protein gene. This may reflect temperature adaptation of betanodaviruses, although a site-specific analysis of selection pressures identified relatively few selected sites in either gene. Overall, our analyses yielded novel data on the evolutionary dynamics and phylogeography of betanodaviruses and therein provides a more complete understanding of the distribution and evolution of different genotypes in Southern Europe.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2011.10.007DOI Listing
January 2012