Publications by authors named "Elisabeth H Slager"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Identification of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase type II beta as HLA class II-restricted target in graft versus leukemia reactivity.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2008 Mar 3;105(10):3837-42. Epub 2008 Mar 3.

Departments of Hematology and Immunohematology and Blood Transfusion, Leiden University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Patients with hematological malignancies can be successfully treated with HLA-matched T cell-depleted allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) and subsequent donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs). The efficacy of DLI is mediated by donor T cells recognizing minor histocompatibility antigens (mHags) on malignant recipient cells. Because HLA class II molecules are predominantly expressed on hematopoietic cells, mHag-specific CD4(+) T cells may selectively mediate graft versus leukemia (GvL) reactivity without graft versus host disease (GvHD). In this study, we used a recombinant bacteria cDNA library for the identification of the first autosomal HLA class II (HLA-DQB1*0603)-restricted mHag LB-PI4K2B-1S encoded by the broadly expressed phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase type II beta gene. A polyclonal CD4(+) T cell response against LB-PI4K2B-1S was demonstrated in a patient with relapsed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who responded to DLI after HLA-matched alloSCT. LB-PI4K2B-1S-specific CD4(+) T cells recognized and lysed the CD34(+) CML cells of the patient and other leukemic cells as well as high HLA-DQ-expressing normal hematopoietic cells. HLA-DQ expression on normal cells of nonhematopoietic origin was moderately up-regulated by IFN-gamma and not sufficient for T cell recognition. We hypothesize that LB-PI4K2B-1S-specific CD4(+) T cells contributed to the antitumor response by both directly eliminating malignant cells as effector cells and stimulating CD8(+) T cell immunity as helper cells.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0712250105DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2268788PMC
March 2008

Identification of the angiogenic endothelial-cell growth factor-1/thymidine phosphorylase as a potential target for immunotherapy of cancer.

Blood 2006 Jun 23;107(12):4954-60. Epub 2006 Feb 23.

Department of Hematology, Leiden University Medical Center, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands.

Characterization of the antigens recognized by tumor-reactive T cells isolated from patients successfully treated with allogeneic HLA-matched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) can lead to the identification of clinically relevant target molecules. We isolated tumor-reactive cytotoxic CD8(+) T-cell (CTL) clones from a patient successfully treated with donor lymphocyte infusion for relapsed multiple myeloma after allogeneic HLA-matched SCT. Using cDNA expression cloning, the target molecule of an HLA-B7-restricted CTL clone was identified. The CTL clone recognized a minor histocompatibility antigen produced by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the angiogenic endothelial-cell growth factor-1 (ECGF1) gene also known as thymidine phosphorylase. The SNP leads to an Arg-to-His substitution in an alternatively translated peptide that is recognized by the CTL. The ECGF1 gene is predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells, although low expression can also be detected in other tissues. The patient from whom this CTL clone was isolated had mild graft-versus-host disease despite high numbers of circulating ECGF-1-specific T cells as detected by tetramer staining. Because solid tumors expressing ECGF-1 could also be lysed by the CTL, ECGF-1 is an interesting target for immunotherapy of both hematologic and solid tumors.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2005-09-3883DOI Listing
June 2006

UTY-specific TCR-transfer generates potential graft-versus-leukaemia effector T cells.

Br J Haematol 2005 May;129(3):392-402

Jordan Laboratory for Haemato-Oncology, Department of Haematology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584 CX Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Immunotherapeutic approaches that target antigens that are differentially recognized on haematopoietic and non-haematopoietic cells may specifically enhance the graft-versus-leukaemia (GVL) effect of donor lymphocyte infusion. In this study, we have characterized a new HLA-B*5201-restricted epitope of the UTY gene. Unusually, presentation of this epitope was restricted to lymphoblasts. As a result, a T cell clone specific to this epitope recognized normal and malignant male B and T lymphoblasts, while showing little reactivity towards male HLA-B*5201+ fibroblasts. Transfer of its T cell receptor (TCR) into donor T cells led to the generation of large numbers of T cells, which acquired the specificity of the original clone, its avidity and the differential pattern of reactivity towards lymphoblasts and fibroblasts. Remarkably, the specific response of TCR-transferred T cells was significantly higher than that of the original clone. This is the first demonstration of the possibility to preserve the specific pattern of a T cell response to a differentially expressed antigen after TCR-transfer and to augment the amplitude of this response concomitantly. These results indicate that it may be feasible to enhance the GVL effect of donor lymphocyte infusions in lymphoproliferative malignancies by the transfer of TCRs specific to epitopes that are differentially recognized on lymphoblasts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2141.2005.05461.xDOI Listing
May 2005

Identification of multiple HLA-DR-restricted epitopes of the tumor-associated antigen CAMEL by CD4+ Th1/Th2 lymphocytes.

J Immunol 2004 Apr;172(8):5095-102

Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

CD4(+) Th cells play an important role in the induction and maintenance of adequate CD8(+) T cell-mediated antitumor responses. Therefore, identification of MHC class II-restricted tumor antigenic epitopes is of major importance for the development of effective immunotherapies with synthetic peptides. CAMEL and NY-ESO-ORF2 are tumor Ags translated in an alternative open reading frame from the highly homologous LAGE-1 and NY-ESO-1 genes, respectively. In this study, we investigated whether CD4(+) T cell responses could be induced in vitro by autologous, mature dendritic cells pulsed with recombinant CAMEL protein. The data show efficient induction of CAMEL-specific CD4(+) T cells with mixed Th1/Th2 phenotype in two healthy donors. Isolation of CD4(+) T cell clones from the T cell cultures of both donors led to the identification of four naturally processed HLA-DR-binding CAMEL epitopes: CAMEL(1-20), CAMEL(14-33), CAMEL(46-65), and CAMEL(81-102). Two peptides (CAMEL(1-20) and CAMEL(14-33)) also contain previously identified HLA class I-binding CD8(+) T cell epitopes shared by CAMEL and NY-ESO-ORF2 and are therefore interesting tools to explore for immunotherapy. Furthermore, two CD4(+) T cell clones that recognized the CAMEL(14-33) peptide with similar affinities were shown to differ in recognition of tumor cells. These CD4(+) T cell clones recognized the same minimal epitope and expressed similar levels of adhesion, costimulatory, and inhibitory molecules. TCR analysis demonstrated that these clones expressed identical TCR beta-chains, but different complementarity-determining region 3 loops of the TCR alpha-chains. Introduction of the TCRs into proper recipient cells should reveal whether the different complementarity-determining region 3 alpha loops are important for tumor cell recognition.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.172.8.5095DOI Listing
April 2004

Induction of CAMEL/NY-ESO-ORF2-specific CD8+ T cells upon stimulation with dendritic cells infected with a modified Ad5 vector expressing a chimeric Ad5/35 fiber.

Cancer Gene Ther 2004 Mar;11(3):227-36

Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Delivery of the full-length tumor antigen might be more successful in immunotherapy than single peptides and has the advantage that patients no longer need to be selected for their HLA type. In this study, we tested the in vitro induction of CAMEL/NY-ESO-ORF2-specific T cells by dendritic cells infected with an adenovirus (Ad) type 5 vector containing the fiber shaft and knob of human serotype Ad35 (Ad5F35 vector). Our data show induction of CD8(+) T cells specific for the known HLA-A(*)0201-binding CAMEL/NY-ESO-ORF2(1-11) epitope by DC infected with Ad5F35-CAMEL, but not by DC pulsed with the recombinant CAMEL protein. In one healthy donor, even CD8(+) T cells specific for a new HLA-B7-binding CAMEL/NY-ESO-ORF2(46-54) epitope were raised. In conclusion, the in vitro induction of CAMEL/NY-ESO-ORF2-specific CD8(+) T cells in healthy donors by DC infected with Ad5F35-CAMEL strongly supports further investigation of the Ad5F35 vector as a vehicle for gene transfer into DC for the generation of tumor antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell responses in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.cgt.7700674DOI Listing
March 2004

CD4+ Th2 cell recognition of HLA-DR-restricted epitopes derived from CAMEL: a tumor antigen translated in an alternative open reading frame.

J Immunol 2003 Feb;170(3):1490-7

Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands.

Tumor Ag NY-ESO-1 is an attractive target for immunotherapy of cancer, since both CD8(+) CTL and CD4(+) Th cells against NY-ESO-1 have been described. Moreover, NY-ESO-1 as well as the highly homologous tumor Ag LAGE-1 are broadly expressed in various tumor types. Interestingly, the NY-ESO-1 and LAGE-1 genes also encode for proteins translated in an alternative open reading frame. These alternatively translated NY-ESO-ORF2 and CAMEL proteins, derived from the NY-ESO-1 and LAGE-1 genes, respectively, have been demonstrated to be immunogenic, since CTL specific for these proteins have been isolated from melanoma patients. In this study a panel of advanced melanoma patients was screened for the presence of Th cells specific for the alternatively translated tumor Ags NY-ESO-ORF2 and CAMEL. PBMC of melanoma patients were stimulated for 4 days with mixes of overlapping peptides covering the entire NY-ESO-ORF2 and CAMEL protein sequences and were tested for the release of type 1 (IFN-gamma) and type 2 (IL-13) cytokines in ELISPOT assays. In three of 15 patients, T cells specific for two CAMEL peptides (CAMEL(71-92) and CAMEL(81-102)) could be detected. From one of these patients, CD4(+) T cell clones specific for CAMEL(81-102) could be generated. These clones recognized a naturally processed epitope presented in both HLA-DR11 and HLA-DR12 and produced high levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13. In conclusion, this study shows the presence of Th cells specific for the alternatively translated tumor Ag CAMEL in melanoma patients and is the first report that describes the isolation of tumor Ag-specific CD4(+) Th 2 clones.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.170.3.1490DOI Listing
February 2003
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