Publications by authors named "Elisabeth A Bone"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Preclinical Development and First-in-Human Study of KA2507, a Selective and Potent Inhibitor of Histone Deacetylase 6, for Patients with Refractory Solid Tumors.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas.

Purpose: Inhibition of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is predicted to deliver both direct antitumor activity and modulation of the antitumor immune response. This study describes the development of a novel HDAC6 inhibitor.

Patients And Methods: KA2507 was characterized in HDAC biochemical and cellular target engagement assays and in preclinical efficacy models of melanoma and colorectal cancer. In a phase I study, KA2507 was administered orally using a 3+3 dose-escalation design (NCT03008018).

Results: KA2507 is a potent and selective inhibitor of HDAC6 (biochemical IC = 2.5 nmol/L). Preclinical models demonstrated antitumor efficacy in syngeneic tumor-bearing mice, with translational studies highlighting modulation of the antitumor immune response. Twenty patients were treated in a phase I study. KA2507 was well tolerated; dose-limiting toxicity was not observed up to the maximum dose administered. Pharmacokinetic profiling supported twice-daily oral dosing. Pharmacodynamic analysis demonstrated selective HDAC6 target engagement in peripheral blood cells, free from off-target class I HDAC activity. Stable disease was the best clinical response (7 patients). Three of these patients (adenoid cystic carcinoma, = 2; rectal adenocarcinoma, = 1) had prolonged disease stabilization that lasted for 16.4, 12.6, and 9.0 months, respectively.

Conclusions: KA2507 is a potent and selective inhibitor of HDAC6 showing antitumor efficacy and immune modulatory effects in preclinical models. In a phase I study, KA2507 showed selective target engagement, no significant toxicities, and prolonged disease stabilization in a subset of patients. Further clinical studies of KA2507 are warranted, as a single agent or, preferably, combined with other immuno-oncology drugs.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2021

Drug targeting to monocytes and macrophages using esterase-sensitive chemical motifs.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2011 Oct 21;339(1):132-42. Epub 2011 Jul 21.

Chroma Therapeutics Ltd, Abingdon, Oxon OX14 4RY, United Kingdom.

The therapeutic and toxic effects of drugs are often generated through effects on distinct cell types in the body. Selective delivery of drugs to specific cells or cell lineages would, therefore, have major advantages, in particular, the potential to significantly improve the therapeutic window of an agent. Cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage represent an important target for many therapeutic agents because of their central involvement in a wide range of diseases including inflammation, cancer, atherosclerosis, and diabetes. We have developed a versatile chemistry platform that is designed to enhance the potency and delivery of small-molecule drugs to intracellular molecular targets. One facet of the technology involves the selective delivery of drugs to cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage, using the intracellular carboxylesterase, human carboxylesterase-1 (hCE-1), which is expressed predominantly in these cells. Here, we demonstrate selective delivery of many types of intracellularly targeted small molecules to monocytes and macrophages by attaching a small esterase-sensitive chemical motif (ESM) that is selectively hydrolyzed within these cells to a charged, pharmacologically active drug. ESM versions of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, for example, are extremely potent anticytokine and antiarthritic agents with a wider therapeutic window than conventional HDAC inhibitors. In human blood, effects on monocytes (hCE-1-positive) are seen at concentrations 1000-fold lower than those that affect other cell types (hCE-1-negative). Chemical conjugates of this type, by limiting effects on other cells, could find widespread applicability in the treatment of human diseases where monocyte-macrophages play a key role in disease pathology.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2011

CHR-2797: an antiproliferative aminopeptidase inhibitor that leads to amino acid deprivation in human leukemic cells.

Cancer Res 2008 Aug;68(16):6669-79

Chroma Therapeutics Ltd., Abingdon, United Kingdom.

CHR-2797 is a novel metalloenzyme inhibitor that is converted into a pharmacologically active acid product (CHR-79888) inside cells. CHR-79888 is a potent inhibitor of a number of intracellular aminopeptidases, including leucine aminopeptidase. CHR-2797 exerts antiproliferative effects against a range of tumor cell lines in vitro and in vivo and shows selectivity for transformed over nontransformed cells. Its antiproliferative effects are at least 300 times more potent than the prototypical aminopeptidase inhibitor, bestatin. However, the mechanism by which inhibition of these enzymes leads to proliferative changes is not understood. Gene expression microarrays were used to profile changes in mRNA expression levels in the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 treated with CHR-2797. This analysis showed that CHR-2797 treatment induced a transcriptional response indicative of amino acid depletion, the amino acid deprivation response, which involves up-regulation of amino acid synthetic genes, transporters, and tRNA synthetases. These changes were confirmed in other leukemic cell lines sensitive to the antiproliferative effects of CHR-2797. Furthermore, CHR-2797 treatment inhibited phosphorylation of mTOR substrates and reduced protein synthesis in HL-60 cells, both also indicative of amino acid depletion. Treatment with CHR-2797 led to an increase in the concentration of intracellular small peptides, the substrates of aminopeptidases. It is suggested that aminopeptidase inhibitors, such as CHR-2797 and bestatin, deplete sensitive tumor cells of amino acids by blocking protein recycling, and this generates an antiproliferative effect. CHR-2797 is orally bioavailable and currently undergoing phase II clinical investigation in the treatment of myeloid leukemia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
August 2008