Publications by authors named "Elisa Zanaboni"

1 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A novel high-throughput assay to quantify the vaccine-induced inhibition of Bordetella pertussis adhesion to airway epithelia.

BMC Microbiol 2016 09 15;16:215. Epub 2016 Sep 15.

GSK Vaccines, Via Fiorentina 1, 53100, Siena, Italy.

Background: Pertussis or whooping cough is an acute respiratory illness caused by the Gram-negative pathogen Bordetella pertussis. Despite high vaccination coverage whooping cough is currently re-emerging in many developed countries. Although the causes of pertussis resurgence are matter of debate, emerging evidences suggest that acellular vaccines efficiently protect against the hallmark symptoms of pertussis disease but fail to prevent colonization. This presumably impacts on increased risk of bacterial transmission and consequent spread throughout the population. These evidences suggest that improved vaccines may be required for efficient bacterial clearance in the upper respiratory tract. Consequently, there is a need for novel bioassays to evaluate at pre-clinical or clinical level the impact of different vaccines on B. pertussis colonization.

Results: We developed a high-throughput bacterial adhesion inhibition (BAI) assay based on human respiratory cell lines and on live bacteria chemically conjugated to a fluorescent dye. Employing A549 cells as model, we evaluated the impact of antibodies elicited by acellular (aP) and whole cell (wP) vaccines on B. pertussis adhesion in vitro. Moreover, we settled the method also on polarized Calu-3 cells grown at air-liquid interface (ALI), showing that this assay can be extended to more complex cell models mimicking the airway epithelium.

Conclusions: We proved that this method is a sensitive, rapid and reproducible system to evaluate the anti-adhesive properties of vaccine-induced antibodies and can be employed to assess improved pertussis vaccines.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12866-016-0829-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5025618PMC
September 2016
-->