Publications by authors named "Eliane Abreu Soares"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Basal and resting metabolic rates of physically disabled adult subjects: a systematic review of controlled cross-sectional studies.

Ann Nutr Metab 2014 31;65(4):243-52. Epub 2014 Oct 31.

Laboratory of Research and Innovation in Sports Science, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Macaé, RJ, Brazil.

Aim: To systematically review studies that investigated the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and resting metabolic rate (RMR) of physically disabled adult subjects.

Methods: The studies were identified via MedLine, Science Direct, Science Search, Scientific Electronic Library Online, Wiley, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, Cochrane, Indice Bibliográfico Espanõl de Ciencias de la Salud, Scopus, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database and System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe. No restriction on publication date was imposed.

Results: Data from 6 studies were included. The results showed that physically disabled adult subjects have a lower BMR and/or RMR compared to nondisabled subjects. However, the difference between the groups disappeared when the BMR and RMR were adjusted for fat-free mass. Due to the small number of studies on this subject and the limited types of physical disabilities evaluated in the literature, we could not make a definitive conclusion.

Conclusions: Disabled individuals seem to have a lower absolute BMR and/or RMR than able-bodied adults; however, this difference was not present or else it disappeared in half of the studies, after adjusting for body mass and/or fat-free mass.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000365175DOI Listing
July 2015

A study on the prevalence of adequacy of iron and vitamin C in children's diets.

Rev Bras Epidemiol 2014 Apr-Jun;17(2):543-56

Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

The aim of this study was to apply methodological procedures to determine the prevalence of adequacy of Iron and vitamin C in children's diets. It was included 238 children aged 2 to 3 years enrolled in 2009 in 25 day care centers in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. Dietary intake was assessed by weighing the food and food record. Assessing the prevalence of nutrient adequacy took into consideration the individual and the group. The best estimate of the needs of the individual is given by the estimated average requirement (EAR), since we do not know the true needs of the individual who is being evaluated. To estimate the need of the group method was used EAR as the cutoff. The prevalence of adequacy of iron and vitamin C in children's diets was 91.2 and 62.2%, respectively. All necessary to achieve the method EAR as the cutoff were used, but became unviable the adjustment of the observed consumption data to estimate the distribution of usual intake in this group. We conclude that the study of probability of adequacy of habitual diet in iron and vitamin C in the age group in question was only possible with the use of procedures for the individual.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1809-4503201400020019engDOI Listing
December 2015

Disordered eating among adolescent female swimmers: dietary, biochemical, and body composition factors.

Nutrition 2013 Jan 28;29(1):172-7. Epub 2012 Sep 28.

Josué de Castro Nutrition Institute, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: To verify associations among body composition, biochemical parameters, and food intake in adolescent female swimmers with and without disordered eating (DE).

Methods: Seventy-seven athletes 11 to 19 y old from clubs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were studied. DE was assessed through three questionnaires (Eating Attitudes Test-26; Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh; and Body Shape Questionnaire), body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and food intake by a 3-d diet record. Biochemical parameters related to iron, folic acid, and vitamin B12 were analyzed. The Fisher exact test, Mann-Whitney test, and the Spearman coefficient were calculated.

Results: DE was found in 44.2% of the sample. DE-positive compared with DE-negative athletes presented greater body fat percentage (11-14 y: 27.5% versus 23.4%, P = 0.023; 15-19 y: 30.2% versus 24.1%, P = 0.006) and fat mass (11-14 y: 13.8 versus 10.3 kg, P = 0.010; 15-19 y: 17.0 versus 13.2 kg, P = 0.027). In relation to food intake, DE-positive athletes presented lower protein consumption in the 11- to 14-y-old group and lower calcium intake adequacy in the 15- to 19-y-old group. Most other dietary parameters showed a low adequacy of consumption, with no difference between athletes with and without DE. Four DE-positive athletes presented anemia or iron deficiency.

Conclusion: DE-positive compared with DE-negative athletes presented a higher percentage of body fat and fat mass, lower protein consumption in the 11- to 14-y-old group, and lower calcium intake adequacy in the 15- to 19-y-old group. Greater attention should be given to the nutritional state of these athletes, considering the number of adolescents with anemia and an inadequate dietary intake.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2012.06.007DOI Listing
January 2013

Female athlete triad in elite swimmers of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Nutrition 2009 Jun 20;25(6):634-9. Epub 2009 Feb 20.

Nutrition Institute Josué de Castro, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: Female athlete triad (FAT) is a syndrome characterized by the simultaneous presence of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteopenia or osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of FAT in adolescent elite women swimmers.

Methods: The sample was composed of 78 athletes in the age range of 11-19 y from Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). The presence of disordered eating was assessed through three questionnaires (Eating Attitudes Test, Bulimic Investigatory Test Edinburgh, and Body Shape Questionnaire); the presence of menstrual dysfunctions, through a validated questionnaire; and bone dysfunctions, through assessment of bone mineral density by applying the method of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The t test was used to compare means. The chi-square test was used to evaluate the association among categorical variables (P < 0.05). Pearson's coefficients of simple linear correlation between the variables of lean body mass and body mineral density at the spine (L1-L4) and overall in the body were calculated. Kaplan-Meier survival curves to estimate mean menarche age were obtained. All analyses were conducted in SPSS 13.0.

Results: The athletes' mean age at menarche was 12.38 +/- 0.2 y. It was verified that 44.9%, 19.2%, and 15.4% of the athletes met the criteria for disordered eating, menstrual irregularity, and low bone mass, respectively. Among participants, 47.4% (37 of 78) met one criterion of FAT, 15.4% (12 of 78) met two criteria, and 1.3% (1 of 78) met all three criteria, corresponding with the development of the syndrome. Only 35.9% (28 of 78) of the athletes did not present positive results for any of the criteria assessed.

Conclusion: The prevalence of FAT was low. However, a significant number of athletes presented a partial status of FAT, especially of disordered eating. The present study suggests the need to monitor the causes of these disorders to create preventive actions that will reverse or avoid the development of the syndrome, thus preserving the athletes' health.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2008.11.029DOI Listing
June 2009

Nutritional profile of the Brazilian Amputee Soccer Team during the precompetition period for the world championship.

Nutrition 2006 Oct 15;22(10):989-95. Epub 2006 Sep 15.

Department of Nutrition, Nutrition Institute, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the dietary and anthropometric profiles of the Brazilian amputee soccer players during the training period before the world soccer amputee championship, according to their positional roles in the game.

Methods: Fifteen male athletes participated in the study. Data on height, weight, skinfold thickness, and circumferences were collected to assess nutritional status. Dietary intake was obtained by using 6-d dietary records, analyzed by a Nutrition Support Program for total energy intake, carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals. One-way analysis of variance was used to identify differences in groups (P < 0.05).

Results: Midfield players were heavier than the others, and this difference may have been caused by a large quantity of subcutaneous fat. Dietary data showed a low carbohydrate intake and high protein and fat intakes. No athlete met the recommendations for vitamin E, and forward players did not meet recommendations for calcium.

Conclusion: Amputee athletes need an individualized nutritional orientation and the lack of information about disabled sports and athletes highlights the need for more studies in this area.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2006.05.019DOI Listing
October 2006
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