Publications by authors named "Elham Mir"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical characteristics, management and 1-year outcomes of patients with acute coronary syndrome in Iran: the Iranian Project for Assessment of Coronary Events 2 (IPACE2).

BMJ Open 2015 12 15;5(12):e007786. Epub 2015 Dec 15.

Sanofi Iran Medical Department, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: To assess contemporary data on characteristics, management and 1-year postdischarge outcomes in Iranian patients hospitalised with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Setting: 11 tertiary care hospitals in 5 major cities in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Participants: Patients aged ≥ 20 and ≤ 80 years discharged alive with confirmed diagnosis of ACS including ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and high-risk unstable angina (HR-UA).

Primary And Secondary Outcome Measures: Patients were followed up regarding the use of medications and the end points of the study at 1 month and 1 year after discharge. The primary end point of the study was 1-year postdischarge major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), defined as mortality (cardiac and non-cardiac), ACS and cerebrovascular attack (stroke and/or transient ischaemic attack). The secondary end points were hospital admission because of congestive heart failure, revascularisation by coronary artery bypass grafting surgery or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and major and minor bleeds.

Results: A total of 1799 patients (25.7% STEMI and 74.3% HR-UA/NSTEMI) discharged alive with confirmed diagnosis of ACS were included in the final analysis. During hospitalisation, the majority of the patients received aspirin (98.6%), clopidogrel (91.8%), anticoagulants (93.4%), statins (94.3%) and β-blockers (89.3%). Reperfusion therapy was performed in 62.6% of patients with STEMI (46.3% thrombolytic therapy and 17.3% primary PCI). The mean door-to-balloon and door-to-needle times were 82.9 and 45.6 min, respectively. In our study, 64.7% and 79.5% of the patients in HR-UA/NSTEMI and STEMI groups, respectively, underwent coronary angiography. During the 12 months after discharge, MACCEs occurred in 15.0% of all patients.

Conclusions: Our study showed that the composition of Iranian patients with ACS regarding the type of ACS is similar to that in developed European countries and is unlike that in developing countries of the Middle East and Africa. We found that our patients with ACS are treated with high levels of adherence to guideline-recommended in-hospital medications.
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December 2015

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis progression: Iran-ALS clinical registry, a multicentre study.

Amyotroph Lateral Scler Frontotemporal Degener 2015 5;16(7-8):506-11. Epub 2015 Oct 5.

a Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Department of Neurology , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran.

This study was designed to evaluate ALS progression among different subgroups of Iranian patients. Three hundred and fifty-eight patients from centres around the country were registered and their progression rate was evaluated using several scores including Manual Muscle Test scoring (MMT) and the revised ALS Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R). Progression rate was analysed separately in subgroups regarding gender, onset site, stage of disease and riluzole consumption. A significant difference in MMT deterioration rate (p = 0.01) was noted between those who used riluzole and those who did not. No significant difference was observed in progression rates between male/female and bulbar-onset/limb-onset groups using riluzole. In conclusion, riluzole has a significant effect on muscle force deterioration rate but not functional scale. Progression rate was not influenced by site of onset or gender.
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August 2016

Venous thromboembolism risk assessment, prophylaxis practices and interventions for its improvement (AVAIL-ME Extension Project, Iran).

Thromb Res 2014 Apr 11;133(4):567-73. Epub 2014 Jan 11.

Sanofi Medical Department, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health issue worldwide. Data about VTE prophylaxis practices in developing countries are scarce.

Objectives: The primary objectives of this survey were to define the VTE risk factors in hospitalized patients, to determine the rates of VTE prophylaxis administration and guideline compliance and to assess the effects of an educational program on VTE prophylaxis practices in Iran.

Patients And Methods: Data on 1219 patients from twenty hospitals in Iran were extracted from the AVAIL-ME Extension project main databank. VTE risks were categorized according to the Caprini Risk Assessment Model. Logistic regression analysis was carried out to assess factors influencing VTE prophylaxis. We also examined the impact of an educational program which consisted of awareness, risk assessment, internal protocol implementation and re-assessment, on VTE prophylaxis practices.

Results: Of 1219 patients, 789 (65%) and 430 (35%) were surgical and medical, respectively. VTE risks, categorized in low, moderate, high and very high were detected in 14%, 17%, 26% and 43% of patients respectively with a total of 1042(85%) patients being at risk for VTE. Of 882 (85%) eligible patients for VTE prophylaxis, 737 (83.5%) received any drug prophylaxis of whom 265 (62%) were medical and 472 (60%) were surgical. ACCP guidelines compliance was 60% and 33% in surgical and medical patients respectively. Any VTE prevention, drug prophylaxis, mechanical prophylaxis and guideline adherence were, 48% vs. 64%, 45% vs. 60%, 6% vs. 9% and 34% vs. 45% respectively (p<00.1) before and after implementation of the VTE educational program.

Conclusions: Despite an overall improvement in VTE prevention, areas such as inappropriate use of VTE prophylaxis in a large number of patients, significant under-use of mechanical devices and guideline adherence require closer attention. VTE awareness education is beneficial in improving VTE prophylaxis in Iran.
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April 2014

Undiagnosed Bipolar Disorders in Patients with Major Depressive Episode: Iran's part of a Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study.

Iran J Psychiatry 2013 Mar;8(1):1-6

Department of Psychiatry and Psychiatry Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

Objective: Bipolar spectrum disorders may often go undiagnosed or unrecognized. The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of bipolar disorder symptoms in Iranian patients with a major depressive episode.

Methods: 313 patients with a current DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th ed. Text rev.) diagnosed with a major depressive episode entered this cross-sectional study. Thirty two items revised Hypomania/ mania Symptoms Checklist (HCL-32) was used to determine the frequency of bipolar episodes.

Results: Considerable proportion of patients (53.9%) previously diagnosed as major depressive disorder fulfilled the criteria for bipolar disorder by Bipolarity Specifier. The Bipolarity Specifier additionally identified significant association for manic / hypomanic states during antidepressants therapy (p<0.0003) and current mixed mood symptoms (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: Bipolar symptoms meeting the criteria for bipolar disorders in depressed patients who have not been previously diagnosed with bipolar disorder are frequent. Current DSM criteria may not be sufficient to diagnose more subtle or atypical forms of bipolar disorders.
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March 2013

Relationship between pregnancy outcomes and maternal vitamin D and calcium intake: A cross-sectional study.

Gynecol Endocrinol 2006 Oct;22(10):585-9

Endocrinology & Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Poor maternal vitamin D status affects fetal and infant skeletal growth. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between newborn outcomes and maternal calcium and vitamin D intakes. Four hundred and forty-nine pregnant women, healthy at the point of delivery, and their newborns were enrolled in the study, which was performed in three university hospitals in Tehran in March 2004. Maternal anthropometric data and energy, protein, calcium and vitamin D intakes were collected, and newborn outcomes (weight, length, head circumference and 1-min Apgar score) were determined. Almost two-thirds of the mothers (64.3%) took no supplements during pregnancy. Only one-third of the mothers (33.8%) had adequate intakes of calcium and vitamin D (from supplements and foods) compared with the Recommended Dietary Allowances. Mean length at birth and 1-min Apgar score were higher in newborns whose mothers had adequate calcium and vitamin D intake than in newborns whose mothers had inadequate intake (p = 0.03 and p = 0.04, respectively). Significant correlations were found between adequate maternal calcium and vitamin D intake and both appropriate birth weight and 1-min Apgar score of newborns and weight gain of mothers during pregnancy. Informing mothers of the critical importance of consuming adequate amounts of calcium and vitamin D seems necessary.
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October 2006

Evaluation of triple and quadruple Helicobacter pylori eradication therapies in Iranian children: a randomized clinical trial.

Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2006 May;18(5):511-4

Department of Pediatrics, Emam Khomeini Hospital,Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Clinical trials in children concerning Helicobacter pylori eradication treatments are scarce. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-based triple therapy using PPI, amoxicillin and clarithromycin in Iranian children. We also evaluated the efficacy of quadruple therapy with PPI, metronidazole, amoxicilin and bismuth citrate in Iranian children.

Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial performed in Emam Khomeini Hospital between 2003 and 2004. Patients with confirmed H. pylori infection by histology were divided into two groups in a randomized 1:1 scheme: the triple regimen group (omeprazole, clarithromycin and amoxicillin for 10 days) and the quadruple regimen group (omeprazole, amoxicillin, metronidazole and bismuth citrate for 10 days). The eradication was assessed by the C-urea breath test 4 weeks after the end of treatment and analyzed by per-protocol and intention-to-treat approaches.

Results: One hundred and twenty-two patients (mean age 12.36+/-3.06 years) were entered into the study. Only 100 patients completed the study (50 patients in each regimen group). The eradication rates by triple therapy were 92% and 75.5% for the "per-protocol" and "intention-to-treat" approaches, respectively. In the quadruple regimen group, the eradication rates were 84% by the per-protocol approach and 68.8% in the intention-to-treat approach. Symptom responses to therapy were reported in all patients with successful eradication (88% of all patients).

Conclusion: With regard to recent recommendations, we also suggest PPI, amoxicillin and clarithromycin triple therapy as a first-line eradication treatment, and quadruple therapies as a second-line option, in Iranian children.
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May 2006