Publications by authors named "Elham Darzi-Eslam"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Specific egg yolk immunoglobulin as a promising non-antibiotic biotherapeutic product against Acinetobacter baumannii pneumonia infection.

Sci Rep 2021 Jan 21;11(1):1914. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Biology, Shahed University, Tehran-Qom Express Way, 3319118651, Tehran, Iran.

Acinetobacter baumannii is a serious health threat with a high mortality rate. We have already reported prophylactic effects of IgYs raised against OmpA and Omp34 as well as against inactivated whole-cell (IWC) of A. baumannii in a murine pneumonia model. However, the infection was exacerbated in the mice group that received IgYs raised against the combination of OmpA and Omp34. The current study was conducted to propose reasons for the observed antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) in addition to the therapeutic effect of specific IgYs in the murine pneumonia model. This phenomenon was hypothetically attributed to topologically inaccessible similar epitopes of OmpA and Omp34 sharing similarity with peptides of mice proteins. In silico analyses revealed that some inaccessible peptides of OmpA shared similarity with peptides of Omp34 and Mus musculus. Specific anti-OmpA and anti-Omp34 IgYs cross-reacted with Omp34 and OmpA respectively. Specific IgYs showed different protectivity against A. baumannii AbI101 in the murine pneumonia model. IgYs triggered against OmpA or IWC of A. baumannii were the most protective antibodies. IgY triggered against Omp34 is ranked next after those against OmpA. The lowest protection was observed in mice received IgYs raised against the combination of rOmpA and rOmp34. In conclusion, specific IgYs against OmpA, Omp34, and IWC of A. baumannii could serve as novel biotherapeutics against A. baumannii pneumonia.
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January 2021

Antigenicity and immunogenicity of fused B-subunit of heat labile toxin of Escherichia coli and colonization factor antigen I polyepitopes.

J Microbiol Methods 2014 Nov 7;106:40-46. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

Department of Molecular Biology, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Linear B-cell epitopes ((93)AKEFEAAAL(101) and (66)PQLTDVLN(73)) of CfaB were genetically fused to ltb-(gly)5-cfaB(1-25). Sera of rabbits immunized with fusion proteins reacted strongly with solid-phase bound ETEC bacteria bearing CFA/I fimbriae. Sera failed to agglutinate or inhibit hemagglutination promoted by CFA/I-positive strain which may be due to solvent inaccessibility of epitope residues on intact fimbriae.
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November 2014

Expression of Shigella flexneri ipaB Gene in Tobacco.

Avicenna J Med Biotechnol 2013 Apr;5(2):118-24

Molecular Biology Unit, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Shigellosis is a leading cause of diarrhea in many developing countries and although the disease can be controlled and managed with antibiotics, the constant emergence of resistant species requiring ever newer antibacterial drugs make development of an effective vaccine necessary. The bacteria are highly contagious and since immunity to Shigella is serotype-specific a multi-serotype vaccine is required for adequate protection. Proteins encoded by Shigella invasion plasmid, which are part of the Type Three Secretion System (TTSS) of this bacteria, are good candidate as vaccine targets since they are both immunogenic and conserved between different Shigella species. The advent of molecular farming, which is a low cost system, has opened up new venues for production of recombinant proteins. In view of the difficulties encountered in expressing IpaB in Escherichia coli (E. coli), the feasibility of the expression of this protein in tobacco has been investigated.

Methods: The ipaB gene was cloned in place of the Hygromycin gene in pCambia1304 containing GFP as a reporter gene. The vector was then transferred into competent Agrobacterium tumefaciens (A. tumefaciens) strain LBA4404 which was used for agro-infiltration of Nicotiana tobaccum (N. tobaccum) leaves. Transformation was confirmed by expression of GFP. The gene was also cloned in pBAD/geneIII A and transformed E. coli host containing the construct was induced using different amounts of L-arabinose as inducer. Expression of IpaB gene by both hosts was determined by Western blotting using anti-IpaB monoclonal antibody.

Results: The data obtained showed that IpaB was expressed in plant leaves but expression in E. coli was not detectable.

Conclusion: This study showed that N. tobaccum is capable of expressing this protein without its specific chaperon and in levels detectable by Western blotting.
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April 2013