Publications by authors named "Elene Mariamidze"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Knowledge, Practice, and Attitudes of Physicians in Low- and Middle-Income Countries on Fertility and Pregnancy-Related Issues in Young Women With Breast Cancer.

JCO Glob Oncol 2022 Jan;8:e2100153

Department of Medical Oncology, U.O. Clinica di Oncologia Medica, IRCCS Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genova, Italy.

Purpose: Fertility and pregnancy-related issues are highly relevant for young (≤ 40 years) patients with breast cancer. Limited evidence exists on knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) regarding these issues.

Methods: A 19-item questionnaire adapted from an international survey exploring issues about fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer was sent by e-mail between November 2019 and January 2020 to physicians from LMICs involved in breast cancer care. Descriptive analyses were performed.

Results: A total of 288 physicians from Asia, Africa, America, and Europe completed the survey. Median age was 38 years. Responders were mainly medical oncologists (44.4%) working in an academic setting (46.9%). Among responders, 40.2% and 53.8% reported having never consulted the available international guidelines on fertility preservation and pregnancy after breast cancer, respectively. 25.0%, 19.1%, and 24.3% of responders answered to be not at all knowledgeable about embryo, oocyte, or ovarian tissue cryopreservation, respectively; 29.2%, 23.6%, and 31.3% declared that embryo, oocyte, and ovarian tissue cryopreservation were not available in their countries, respectively. 57.6% of responders disagreed or were neutral on the statement that controlled ovarian stimulation can be considered safe in patients with breast cancer. 49.7% and 58.6% of responders agreed or were neutral on the statement that pregnancy in breast cancer survivors may increase the risk of recurrence overall or only in those with hormone receptor-positive disease, respectively.

Conclusion: This survey showed suboptimal knowledge, practice, and attitudes of physicians from LMICs on fertility preservation and pregnancy after treatment completion in young women with breast cancer. Increasing awareness and education on these aspects are needed to improve adherence to available guidelines and to promote patients' oncofertility counseling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/GO.21.00153DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8769103PMC
January 2022

Real-World Treatment Patterns of Lung Cancer in a Resource-Restricted Country: the Experience of Georgia.

Health Serv Insights 2021 3;14:11786329211055296. Epub 2021 Nov 3.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia.

Lung cancer (LC) is the most common malignancy responsible for 1.8 million of deaths worldwide. Lung and bronchus cancer represents 13% (n = 1217) of all new cancer cases in Georgia. In 2018, in Georgian males lung cancer age-standardized incidence rate was 35.7/per 100 000, less compared to regional countries as Turkey (70.6), Russia (48.2), Ukraine (41.7), and Armenia (58.5), but higher than in neighbor Azerbaijan (25.5). Incidence is higher compared to central and eastern Europe (27.3) and near similar to North America (34.5). Georgia is an Eastern European, middleincome country with 3.7 million residents and one of the highest numbers of active smokers in the European Region. The Georgian health care system is divided into a public and a private sector, with coverage of nearly 100% of the population. There is a national healthcare system as well as private insurance and all patients, irrespective of insurance (private or governmental) can choose the hospital for treatment by themselves all over the country. The Basic Package of the Universal Health Care Program includes the treatment of oncologic patients, specifically surgery, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and radiotherapy and investigations and medications related to these procedures. The program covers all types of laboratory and instrumental investigations related to planned treatment. Georgia lacks an LC screening program for smokers and partially because of this, the majority of patients with lung cancer present at an advanced stage. The National Centre for the Disease Control (NCDC) showed that almost 90% of LC patients in the country present with advanced stages (III-IV) with 60% of patients having stage IV disease at diagnosis . Lung cancer is generally diagnosed at an advanced stage. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the proportion with metastatic disease (TNM stage IV) ranged from 46.8% to 61.2% in developed countries. In recent years, there have been several publications addressing specifics of LC worldwide, but none concerning Georgia. In light of the rapidly changing landscape in the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of LC, we thought to define the state of practice in Georgia by convening specialists who treat LC across 13 institutions in our country with the goal to describe differences in access and approaches to LC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/11786329211055296DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8573520PMC
November 2021

Molecular profiling and characteristics of non-small-cell lung cancer patients in Georgia.

Future Oncol 2021 Sep 16;17(27):3585-3594. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Faculty of Medicine, University ofKragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia.

In patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, the correlation between histopathology, smoking status, driver oncogene mutations and PD-L1 overexpression were investigated. A total of 202 patients were identified. Research was done in Georgia. mutations were detected in 6% of the tested cases (12/187) and five out of 12 cases had histology consistent with squamous cell carcinoma. No statistically significant correlation was observed between PD-L1 expression, smoking status and clinicopathological characteristics. However, the correlation between smoking status and histology was statistically significant (p = 0.0264), as never-smokers had a higher incidence of adenocarcinoma histology. The study showed a small percentage of mutations associated with adenocarcinoma histology and revealed a solid existence of this mutation in squamous cell carcinoma histology. A higher incidence of adenocarcinoma histology was observed in never-smokers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2217/fon-2021-0177DOI Listing
September 2021

Lung Cancer in Georgia.

J Thorac Oncol 2020 07;15(7):1113-1118

Radiation Oncology Department, Research Institute of Clinical Medicine after academician F. Todua, Tbilisi, Georgia.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2020.02.030DOI Listing
July 2020
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