Publications by authors named "Elena Samyshina"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prognostic Role of Expression Status and Tumor-Related MicroRNAs Level in Association with PD-L1 Expression in Primary Luminal Non-Muscular Invasive Bladder Carcinoma.

Life (Basel) 2020 Nov 23;10(11). Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Oncological Urology, Russian National Research Center of Radiology, 125284 Moscow, Russia.

Background: bladder cancer is one of the most common urinary tract malignancies. Establishment of robust predictors of disease progression and outcome is important for personalizing treatment of non-muscular invasive bladder carcinoma (NMIBC). In this study we evaluated association of PD-L1 expression with other prognostic biomarkers, such as expression of miRNA-145 and miRNA-200a, gene expression, and mutation status in tissue specimens of the luminal subtype of newly diagnosed high and low grade NMIBC.

Methods: twenty patients with primary luminal NMIBC were enrolled in the study. Tumor grade and risk level were determined in accordance with European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) guidelines and World Health Organization (WHO) classification. Neoplasm molecular subtype and PD-L1 expression level were assessed by immunohistochemistry. We used real-time PCR to evaluate the expression of microRNAs and . We detected hotspot mutations in codons 248 and 249 by Sanger sequencing.

Results: high grade primary luminal NMIBC showed comparatively higher expression of PD-L1 and microRNA-145 than a low grade tumor, whereas the latter had a higher expression and hotspot mutation rate. The tumor grade (HR = 571.72 [11.03-2.96] = 0.002), PD-L1 expression (HR = 2.33 [0.92-1.92] = 0.012), and expression (HR = 0.08 [0.17-0.42] = 0.003) were associated with relapse-free survival.

Conclusions: tumor grade in association with PD-L1 and expression can be considered as a complex predictor for primary luminal NMIBC progression.
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November 2020

Relapse-Free Survival and PD-L1 Expression in First High- and Low-Grade Relapsed Luminal, Basal and Double-Negative P53-Mutant Non-Muscular Invasive Bladder Cancer Depending on Previous Chemo- and Immunotherapy.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 May 21;12(5). Epub 2020 May 21.

Department of Oncological Urology, Russian National Research Center of Radiology, 3 2nd Botkinsky Proezd, 125284 Moscow, Russia.

The goal of this study was to assess how PD-L1 expression in tissue specimens of patients with main molecular subtypes of NMIBC (luminal, basal and double-negative p53-mutant) associates with relapsed-free survival in dependence on the tumor grade and prior treatment of primary bladder cancer. PD-L1 expressions on the membrane of neoplastic and CD8+ immune cells were assessed in tumor specimens ( = 240) of primary and relapsed luminal, basal and double-negative p53-mutant NMIBC. Association between relapse-free survival and PD-L1 expression was estimated for high- and low-grade relapsed NMIBC according to previous treatment and their molecular profile, using the Kaplan-Meier method, and assessed by using the log-rank test. Potential confounders were adjusted by Cox regression models. In a group of patients who underwent only TUR without intravesical therapy, there were significant differences in relapse time between high- and low-grade tumors in basal and luminal molecular subtypes; for basal relapsed carcinoma, RFS was shorter in cases where tumors were less malignant. Both intravesical mitomycin and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy significantly extended the time of recurrence of low-grade luminal and basal bladder malignancies with no intergroup differences in double-negative NMIBC. PD-L1 expression status was associated with RFS for luminal relapsed NMIBCs in the group without previous frontline intervention, and with RFS in the group of patients with luminal relapsed bladder cancer previously utilized BCG. Obtained results may be considered as a promising approach for further clinical implementation.
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May 2020