Publications by authors named "Elena Kaltsas"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A randomized clinical trial of a culturally responsive intervention for African American women with asthma.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2017 02 27;118(2):212-219. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Background: Few interventions have focused on the difficulties that African American women face when managing asthma.

Objective: To evaluate a telephone-based self-regulation intervention that emphasized African American women's management of asthma in a series of 6 sessions.

Methods: A total of 422 African American women with persistent asthma were randomly assigned to either an intervention or control group receiving usual care. Behavioral factors, symptoms and asthma control, asthma-related quality of life, and health care use at baseline and 2 years after baseline were assessed. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the long-term effect of the intervention on outcomes.

Results: Compared with the control group, those who completed the full intervention (6 sessions) had significant gains in self-regulation of their asthma (B estimate, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.17-1.30; P < .01), noticing changes to their asthma during their menstrual cycle (B estimate, 1.42; 95% CI, 0.69-2.15; P < .001), and when having premenstrual syndrome (B estimate, 1.70; 95% CI, 0.67-2.72; P < .001). They also had significant reductions in daytime symptoms (B estimate, -0.15; 95% CI, -0.27 to -0.03; P < .01), asthma-related hospitalization (B estimate, 0.51; 95% CI, 0.00-1.02; P < .05), and improved asthma control (B estimate, 1.34; 95% CI, 0.57-2.12; P < .001). However, neither grouped changed over time in outcomes.

Conclusion: Despite high comorbidity, African American women who completed a culturally responsive self-management program had improvements in asthma outcomes compared with the control group. Future work should address significant comorbidities and psychosocial issues alongside asthma management to improve asthma outcomes in the long term.

Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT01117805.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2016.11.016DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6020037PMC
February 2017

Impact of Goal Setting and Goal Attainment Methods on Asthma Outcomes.

Health Educ Behav 2017 02 9;44(1):103-112. Epub 2016 Jul 9.

1 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Optimal use of goal-setting strategies in self-management efforts with high-risk individuals with asthma is not well understood. This study aimed to describe factors associated with goal attainment in an asthma self-management intervention for African American women with asthma and determine whether goal attainment methods proved beneficial to goal achievement and improved asthma outcomes. Data came from 212 African American women in the intervention arm of a randomized clinical trial evaluating a telephone-based asthma self-management program. Telephone interview data were collected to assess goals and goal attainment methods identified, asthma symptoms, asthma control, and asthma-related quality of life at baseline and 2-year follow-up. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess the long-term impact of goal setting and goal attainment methods on outcomes. The average age of the sample was 42.1 years ( SD = 14.8). Factors associated with goal attainment included higher education ( p < .01) and fewer depressive symptoms ( p < .01). Using a goal attainment method also resulted in more goals being achieved over the course of the intervention (Estimate [ SE] = 1.25 [0.18]; p < .001) when adjusted for clinical and demographic factors. Use of and types of goal attainment methods and goals were not found to significantly affect asthma control, quality of life, or frequency of nighttime asthma symptoms at follow-up. Using a method to achieve goals led to greater goal attainment. Goal attainment alone did not translate into improved asthma outcomes in our study sample. Further studies are warranted to assess the challenges of self-management in chronic disease patients with complex health needs and how goal setting and goal attainment methods can be strategically integrated into self-management efforts to improve health endpoints.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1090198116637858DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6004531PMC
February 2017
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