Publications by authors named "Elena Gutovskaya"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Treosulfan-Based Conditioning Regimen in Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with TCRαβ/CD19 Depletion in Nijmegen Breakage Syndrome.

J Clin Immunol 2020 08 30;40(6):861-871. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Samory Mashela str, Moscow, Russia, 117997.

Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a DNA repair disorder characterized by combined immunodeficiency and a high predisposition to malignancies. HSCT appears to cure immunodeficiency, but remains challenging due to limited experience in long-term risks of transplant-associated toxicity and malignancies. Twenty NBS patients received 22 allogeneic HSCTs with TCRαβ/CD19+ graft depletion with fludarabine 150 mg/m, cyclophosphamide 20-40 mg/kg and thymoglobulin 5 mg/kg based conditioning regimens (CRs). Twelve patients additionally received low-dose busulfan 4 mg/kg (Bu group) and 10 patients (including 2 recipients of a second HSCT) treosulfan (Treo group) 30 g/m. Overall and event-free survival were 0.75 vs 1 (p = 0.16) and 0.47 vs 0.89 (p = 0.1) in the Bu and Treo groups, respectively. In the Bu group, four patients developed graft rejection, and three died: two died of de novo and relapsed lymphomas and one died of adenoviral hepatitis. The four living patients exhibited split chimerism with predominantly recipient myeloid cells and predominantly donor T and B lymphocytes. In Treo group, one patient developed rhabdomyosarcoma. There was no difference in the incidence of GVHD, viral reactivation, or early toxicity between either group. Low-dose Bu-containing CR in NBS leads to increased graft failure and low donor myeloid chimerism. Treo-CR followed by TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT demonstrates a low level of early transplant-associated toxicity and enhanced graft function with stable donor chimerism.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10875-020-00811-9DOI Listing
August 2020

Mismatched related vs matched unrelated donors in TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT for primary immunodeficiencies.

Blood 2019 11;134(20):1755-1763

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation.

TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion effectively prevents graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). In the current study, we compared the outcomes of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with TCRαβ+/CD19+ depletion from matched unrelated donors (MUDs) and mismatched related donors (MMRDs) in patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID). A total of 98 pediatric patients with various PIDs underwent HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion from MUDs (n = 75) and MMRDs (n = 23). All patients received a fludarabine-/treosulfan-based conditioning regimen, with 73 also receiving a second alkylating agent. For GVHD prophylaxis, all but 2 received serotherapy (antithymocyte globulin) before HSCT and a short course of posttransplant immunosuppression. Neutrophil and platelet engraftment in both the MUD and MMRD groups occurred on days 14 and 13, respectively. The incidence of secondary graft failure was 0.16 and 0.17 (P = .85), respectively. The cumulative incidence of acute GVHD grade 2 to 4 was 0.17 in the MUD group and 0.22 in the MMRD group (P = .7). The incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia was 0.5 in the MUD group and 0.6 in the MMRD group (P = .35). The frequency of CMV disease was high (17%), and the most common manifestation was retinitis. The kinetics of immune recovery was similar in both groups. The overall survival was 0.86 in the MUD group and 0.87 in the MMRD group (P = .95). In our experience, there was no difference in the outcomes of HSCT performed from MUD and MMRD. Hence, given the immediate availability of donors, in the absence of HLA-identical siblings, HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion from MMRDs can be considered as the first choice in patients with PID.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019001757DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6856988PMC
November 2019

A Conditioning Regimen with Plerixafor Is Safe and Improves the Outcome of TCRαβ and CD19 Cell-Depleted Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients with Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome.

Biol Blood Marrow Transplant 2018 07 14;24(7):1432-1440. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Department of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Dmitriy Rogachev National Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.

Our initial experience with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 12) or a haploidentical related donor (n = 6) with T cell receptor (TCR)αβ/CD19 graft depletion in patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) (n = 18) showed a dramatic decrease in the incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and transplantation-related mortality, with an increased overall survival (OS) of 88.9%. Unfortunately, the treatment was associated with mixed myeloid donor chimerism and secondary graft dysfunction (severe thrombocytopenia, n = 2; graft rejection, n = 5). To improve the outcome, we hypothesized that the addition of G-CSF and plerixafor to the conditioning chemotherapy would result in more complete donor stem cell engraftment. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT03019809). A study group of patients with WAS (n = 16) underwent TCRαβ/CD19-depleted HSCT (MUD, n = 6; haploidentical, n = 10). The conditioning regimen was treosulfan-fludarabine-rabbit antithymocyte globulin-melphalan (or thiophosphamide in 1 patient) with G-CSF (10 µg/kg/day for 5 days starting on day -8) and plerixafor (240 µg/kg/day for 3 days starting on day -6). The clinical outcomes in this study were compared to those in a historical dataset (n = 18). No patients had grade III/IV acute GVHD in either the study or the historical control group. Importantly, in the patients with WAS, there was no statistical significance in OS between those who underwent HSCT from haploidentical donors and those who underwent HSCT from MUDs (93.8% versus 88.5%; P = .612). All patients in the study group had full donor chimerism in whole blood and in the CD3 compartments. The OS was 93.8%, and there were no cases of graft dysfunction. This study demonstrates the efficacy of adding G-CSF/plerixafor to the conditioning regimen before HSCT with TCRαβ/C D19 graft depletion in patients with WAS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbmt.2018.03.006DOI Listing
July 2018