Publications by authors named "Elatafy E Elatafy"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mechanical Versus Bioprosthetic Valve Replacement in the Tricuspid Valve Position: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Mar 1;30(3):362-371. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Tanta University, Egypt.

Background: The ideal prosthesis for tricuspid valve replacement (TVR) continues to be debated. There are few published data comparing mechanical and bioprosthetic valves, and all are retrospective studies with relatively small sample sizes.

Aim: This study was conducted to compare mechanical and bioprosthetic valves for TVR.

Method: A literature search of six databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, ScienceDirect, JSTOR, and Wiley Blackwell's online library) was performed with the keywords "tricuspid valve disease, tricuspid valve replacement and (bioprosthetic or mechanical)". Primary outcomes were hospital mortality, long-term survival, tricuspid valve reoperation, valve failure, thrombosis, and thrombo-embolism. Risk ratio (RR) was used to compare dichotomous parameters and time-to-event outcomes. "Survival and re-interventions" were pooled using a meta-analysis of hazard ratios (HR). Publication bias was accessed using a funnel plot.

Results: A total of 23 retrospective studies involving 945 mechanical and 1,332 biological tricuspid prostheses were included. The studies were published between January 2002 and September 2019. Hospital mortality (30-day mortality) did not differ between groups (RR, 0.83; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-1.05; p=0.12). Long-term survival was evaluated in 15 studies, and it was not significantly different between patients with mechanical compared with those with bioprosthetic valves (pooled HR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.61-1.54; p=0.88). Freedom from tricuspid valve reoperation was assessed in eight studies, and no difference was found between the groups (pooled HR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.63-1.69; p=0.89). Valve failure in the 5-year postoperative period was evaluated by seven studies, and there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (pooled RR, 1.33; 95% CI, 0.42-4.27; p=0.63).

Conclusions: The results of this meta-analysis suggest an equal risk of 30-day and late mortality, reoperation, and 5-year valve failure in patients with mechanical versus biological TVR. The choice of the prosthesis in the tricuspid position should depend mainly on the patient's risk factors and no superiority of one prosthesis over the other in this position.
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March 2021

Surgical strategies protecting against right ventricular dilatation following tetralogy of Fallot repair.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2018 Jan 22;13(1):14. Epub 2018 Jan 22.

Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Tanta University, Al-Geish Street, Tanta, 31527, Gharbya, Egypt.

Background: Right ventricular (RV) volume overload increases morbidity and mortality after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. Surgical strategies like pulmonary leaflets sparing and tricuspid valve repair at time of primary repair may decrease RV overload. Our objective is to evaluate early and midterm results of pulmonary leaflets sparing with infundibular preservation and tricuspid valve repair in selected TOF patients with moderate pulmonary annular hypoplasia.

Methods: From 2011 to 2016; 46 patients with TOF and moderate pulmonary annular hypoplasia had surgical repair with sparing of the pulmonary valve leaflets. Concomitant tricuspid valve repair was performed in 33 patients (71.8%). Mean age was 13.1 ± 4.8 months, 68% were males (n = 31) and mean weight was 9.5 ± 2.3 kg. Preoperative McGoon ratio was 1.9 ± 0.4 and pulmonary valve z-score ranges from - 2 to - 3. Preoperative pressure gradient of RVOT was 80.9 ± 7.7 mmHg and 10.9% had minor coronary anomalies (n = 5).

Results: All repairs were performed through trans-atrial trans-pulmonary approach. 87% had pulmonary valve commissurotomy (n = 40). Mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 71 ± 6.3 min and ischemic time 42.4 ± 4.9 min. Hospital mortality occurred in 4.3% (n = 2). Mean RVOT pressure gradient decreased significantly postoperatively (28.8 ± 7.2 mmHg, p-value< .001) and at the last follow up (23.6 ± 1.8 mmHg, p-value< .001). Pulmonary regurgitation progressed by one grade in 2 patients compared to the postoperative grade. 1 patient (2.5%) had late mortality and reintervention was required in 5 patients (12.5%).

Conclusion: Pulmonary leaflets sparing, and tricuspid valve repair are safe for TOF repair with no added morbidity or mortality. These procedures could contribute to reducing right ventricular volume overload over time after TOF repair.
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January 2018