Publications by authors named "Eiji Maruo"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Usefulness of one-point plasma SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratios as a substitute for UGT1A1 genetic information after irinotecan administration.

Int J Clin Oncol 2014 Apr 19;19(2):397-402. Epub 2013 Apr 19.

Department of Pharmacy, Osaka Rosai Hospital, 1179-3 Nagasone-cho, Kita-ku, Sakai, Osaka, 591-8025, Japan.

Background: It was recently reported that genetic polymorphisms of UDP glucuronyltransferase-1 polypeptide A1 (UGT1A1), a glucuronidation enzyme, were associated with irinotecan (CPT-11) metabolism. The active metabolite of CPT-11, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) was glucuronidated (SN-38G) by UGT1A1. Genetic polymorphisms of UGT1A1 were associated with potentially serious adverse events, including neutropenia. Several studies have suggested that the dose of CPT-11 should be decreased in patients homozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28, or double heterozygotes (*6/*28). However, the reference dose for patients with these genetic polymorphisms is unclear.

Methods: We investigated the relationship between the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio and the dose of CPT-11 in 70 patients with colorectal cancer who received FOLFIRI-based regimens, by measuring the plasma concentrations of CPT-11, SN-38, and SN-38G.

Results: The SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio was lower in patients who were homozygous for UGT1A1*6, heterozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28, or were double heterozygotes compared with patients with wild-type genes. The relative decreases in the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio in patients homozygous for UGT1A1*6 and in double heterozygotes were greater than in patients heterozygous for UGT1A1*6 or UGT1A1*28. Interestingly, decreases in the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio were associated with decreases in the neutrophil count and the final infusion dose of CPT-11.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio is an important factor for guiding dose adjustments, even in patients with wild-type genes. Therefore, the SN-38G/SN-38 concentration ratio, as an index of the patient's metabolic capacity, is useful for assessing dose adjustments of CPT-11.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10147-013-0558-1DOI Listing
April 2014

Correlation between plasma concentration ratios of SN-38 glucuronide and SN-38 and neutropenia induction in patients with colorectal cancer and wild-type UGT1A1 gene.

Oncol Lett 2012 Mar 22;3(3):694-698. Epub 2011 Dec 22.

Department of Pharmacy, Osaka Rosai Hospital, Sakai, Osaka 591-8025.

In irinotecan (CPT-11)-based chemotherapy, neutropenia and diarrhea are often induced. In the present study, the clinical significance of the concentration ratios of 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) glucuronide (SN-38G) and SN-38 in the plasma in predicting CPT-11-induced neutropenia was examined. A total of 17 patients with colorectal cancer and wild-type UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A1 gene were enrolled and treated with CPT-11 as part of the FOLFIRI regimen [CPT-11 and fluorouracil (5-FU)]. Blood was taken exactly 15 min following a 2-h continuous infusion of CPT-11. Plasma concentrations of SN-38, SN-38G and CPT-11 were determined by a modified high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. The median, maximum and minimum values of plasma SN-38G/SN-38 ratios were 4.25, 7.09 and 1.03, respectively, indicating that UGT activities are variable among patients with the wild-type UGT1A1 gene. The plasma SN-38G/SN-38 ratios decreased with an increase in the trial numbers of chemotherapy (r=0.741, p=0.000669), suggesting that CPT-11 treatment suppresses UGT activity, and the low plasma SN-38G/SN-38 ratios resulted in the induction of greater neutropenia. However, in this analysis, 2 clearly separated regression lines were observed between plasma SN-38G/SN-38 ratios and neutropenia induction. In conclusion, UGT activity involved in SN-38 metabolism is variable among patients with the wild-type UGT1A1 gene, and each CPT-11 treatment suppresses UGT activity. One-point determination of the plasma SN-38G/SN-38 ratio may provide indications for the prediction of CPT-11-induced neutropenia and adjustment of the optimal dose, although further studies are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/ol.2011.533DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3362497PMC
March 2012
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