Publications by authors named "Ehsan Ebrahimi"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Efficient butanol production under aerobic conditions by coculture of Clostridium acetobutylicum and Nesterenkonia sp. strain F.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2020 02 19;117(2):392-405. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Biochemical Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Clostridium acetobutylicum is widely used for the microbial production of butanol in a process known as acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation. However, this process suffers from several disadvantages including high oxygen sensitivity of the bacterium which makes the process complicated and necessitate oxygen elimination in the culture medium. Nesterenkonia sp. strain F has attracted interests as the only known non-Clostridia microorganism with inherent capability of butanol production even in the presence of oxygen. This bacterium is not delimited by oxygen sensitivity, a challenge in butanol biosynthesis, but the butanol titer was far below Clostridia. In this study, Nesterenkonia sp. strain F was cocultivated with C. acetobutylicum to form a powerful "coculture" for butanol production thereby eliminating the need for oxygen removal before fermentation. The response surface method was used for obtaining optimal inoculation amount/time and media formulation. The highest yield, 0.31 g/g ABE (13.6 g/L butanol), was obtained by a coculture initiated with 1.5 mg/L Nesterenkonia sp. strain F and inoculated with 15 mg/L C. acetobutylicum after 1.5 hr in a medium containing 67 g/L glucose, 2.2 g/L yeast extract, 4 g/L peptone, and 1.4% (vol/vol) P2 solution. After butanol toxicity assessment, where Nesterenkonia sp. strain F showed no butanol toxicity, the coculture was implemented in a 2 L fermenter with continual aeration leading to 20 g/L ABE.
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February 2020

MAML1 and TWIST1 co-overexpression promote invasion of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Asia Pac J Clin Oncol 2018 Oct 15;14(5):e434-e441. Epub 2018 Jan 15.

Department of Biology, Damghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Damghan, Iran.

Aims: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the seventh most common cancer worldwide with considerable morbidity and mortality. Invasion and metastasis of HNSCC is a complex process involving multiple molecules and signaling pathways. Twist Family BHLH Transcription Factor 1 (TWIST1) and Mastermind-like 1 (MAML1) are essential in induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition through direct regulation of implicated molecules in cellular adhesion, migration and invasion. Our aim in this study was to assess the clinical significance of MAML1 and TWIST1 expression in HNSCC, and elucidate the probable correlation between these genes to exhibit their possible associations with progression and metastasis of the disease.

Methods: The gene expression profile of MAML1 and TWIST1 was assessed in fresh tumoral compared to distant tumor-free tissues of 55 HNSCC patients using quantitative real-time Polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

Results: Significant overexpression of MAML1 and TWIST1 mRNA was observed in 49.1% and 38.2% (P ˂ 0.05) of tumor specimens, respectively. Overexpression of MAML1 was associated with vascular invasion (P = 0.048). Concomitant overexpression of MAML1 and TWIST1 was significantly correlated to each other (P = 0.004). Co-overexpression of the genes was significantly correlated to the various clinicopathological indices of poor prognosis including depth of tumor invasion (P < 0.01), lymphatic invasion and grade of tumor cell differentiation (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Significant correlation between MAML1 and TWIST1 in HNSCC was revealed. This study was the first report elucidating MAML1 clinical relevance in HNSCC. These new findings suggest an oncogenic role for concomitant expression of MAML1 and TWIST1 genes in HNSCC invasion and metastasis.
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October 2018

Daily rhythms of locomotor and demand-feeding activities in Schizothorax pelzami (Kessler, 1870).

Chronobiol Int 2017 24;34(10):1366-1376. Epub 2017 Oct 24.

c Department of Fisheries , Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , Mashhad , Iran.

A study was carried out to investigate the daily rhythms of locomotor and feeding activity of Khajoo, Schizothorax pelzami, a candidate species for freshwater aquaculture. Using self-feeder juvenile Khajoo were exposed to a 12/12 LD cycle to determine the rhythms of locomotor and feeding activity. The effects of feeding on locomotor and feeding activity of fish were also examined. Finally, the endogenous rhythmicity under different lighting condition tested. Fish displayed a strictly diurnal feeding and locomotor activities with 98% and 84% of the total activity occurred in the photophase, respectively. In scheduled feeding, both the L-group (fed in light) and the D-group (fed in the dark) showed a diurnal locomotor activity pattern. However, the L-group had a peak of locomotor activity near the feeding time, but the D-group had a scarce locomotor activity in the scatophase with no significant change at the mealtime. Most of the individuals display free-running rhythms when exposed to different lighting condition including, constant darkness, ultradian 45:45 min LD cycle and reversed DL photo cycle. Taken together the results of this study showed that both locomotor and feeding activity have diurnal rhythms in Khajoo S. pelzami, even fish feeding had taken place at night. Additionally, the free-running locomotor activity of the fish in the absence of external light stimuli, suggests the existence of an endogenous timing mechanism in this fish species.
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February 2019