Publications by authors named "Edward Kislauskis"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Long-term clinical safety and efficacy of drug-coated balloon in the treatment of in-stent restenosis: A meta-analysis and systematic review.

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2020 08 12;96(2):E129-E141. Epub 2019 Nov 12.

Department of Cardiology, The Dongguan Affiliated Hospital (Dongguan 5th People's Hospital), Jinan University School of Medicine, Dongguan, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical safety and efficacy of drug-coated balloon (DCB) in the treatment of in-stent restenosis (ISR).

Background: There is a long-term safety issue in peripheral arterial disease patients treated with paclitaxel-coated balloon, this has also raised concerns on DCB in coronary intervention.

Methods: Nine randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nine observational studies (OSs) were included with a total of 3,782 patients (1,827 in the DCB group, 1,955 in the drug-eluting stent [DES] group) being analyzed. The primary outcome measure-major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs), target lesion revascularization (TLR), target vessel revascularization (TVR), myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death (CD), stent thrombosis (ST), all-cause death (AD), and coronary angiography outcomes included late lumen loss (LLL), minimum luminal diameter (MLD), diameter stenosis (DS) were analyzed.

Results: DCB treatment significantly reduced the LLL (MD: -0.13; [CI -0.23 to -0.03], p = .01). No difference was found for MLD (MD: -0.1; [CI -0.24 to 0.04], p = .17) and DS% (RR = 0.98 [CI 0.80-1.20], p = .86). There was no significant difference in TLR, TVR, MI, CD, ST, AD, and the overall incidence of MACEs between the two groups up to 3 years follow-up. Subgroup analysis for different type of ISR and DES showed no significant difference in the incidence of endpoints, and there is no difference when considering RCTs or OSs only.

Conclusions: The safety and efficacy of the DCB and DES in the treatment of ISR is comparable at up to 3 years follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28572DOI Listing
August 2020

12-Month Coronary Angiography, Intravascular Ultrasound and Histology Evaluation of a Novel Fully Bioabsorbable Poly-L-Lactic Acid/Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Scaffolds in Porcine Coronary Arteries.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2016 Apr;12(4):743-52

Our previous studies have confirmed the superior biocompatibility of the poly-L-lactic acid/amorphous calcium phosphate (PLLA/ACP) scaffolds (PowerScaffold) compared to PLLA scaffolds and their similar 6-month radial strength compared with TAXUS stents. In order to conduct further dynamic observations on the performance of the PowerScaffold after 12-month implantation compared with the TAXUS stents. Twenty PowerScaffold and 20 TAXUS were implanted in porcine coronary arteries. At 12-month follow-up, Quantitative Coronary Angiography showed that the stent reference vessel diameter (3.19 ± 0.25 mm vs. 2.75 ± 0.22 mm, p < 0.05), the mean lumen diameter (3.07 ± 0.22 mm vs. 2.70 ± 0.17 mm, p < 0.05) and the late lumen gain (0.45 ± 0.07 mm vs. 0.06 ± 0.06 mm, p < 0.01) were all significantly greater with the PowerScaffold than the TAXUS. As well, Intravascular Ultrasound showed the stent reference vessel area (7.74 ± 0.48 mm2 vs. 6.96 ± 0.51 mm2, p < 0.05), the mean stent area (7.49 ± 0.46 mm2 vs. 6.53 ± 0.47 mm2, p < 0.05) and the mean lumen area (7.22 ± 0.50 mm2 vs. 6.00 ± 0.48 mm2, p < 0.01) were all significantly greater with the PowerScaffold than the TAXUS. The luminal patency rate of the PowerScaffold significantly increased from 72.45 ± 6.84% at 1 month to 93.54 ± 8.15% at 12 months (p < 0.01) while the TAXUS stents were associated with a non-significant decreasing trend (89.44 ± 8.44% vs. 86.53 ± 8.22%). Pathology indicated the average thickness of the struts degraded by 14.25 ± 3.04 μm at 1 month, 23.39 ± 2.45 μm at 6 months and 35.54 ± 2.20 μm at 12 months. Immunohistochemical examination showed that the expression of inflammatory factors NF-κB gradually decreased from 1-month to 12-month (36.79 ± 4.78 vs. 5.79 ± 2.85, P < 0.01). As the late lumen gain of arteries implanted with the PowerScaffold increases over time with the growth of vessels, it effectively reverse the late vascular negative remodeling observed with the TAXUS stents, providing a better option for lumen restoration treatment in clinical practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2016.2241DOI Listing
April 2016

6-Month Follow-Up of a Novel Biodegradable Drug-Eluting Stent Composed of Poly-L-Lactic Acid and Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticles in Porcine Coronary Artery.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2015 Oct;11(10):1819-25

Rationale: We reported previously, in porcine coronary arteries, that the novel biodegradable PowerStent Absorb paclitaxel-eluting stent had improved and sustained structural strength and functional performance at one month post-implantation.

Objective: To report the stent performance at 6-month follow-up.

Methods And Results: Six PowerStent Absorb and six TAXUS stents were randomly implanted in the left anterior descending and right coronary arteries of six Tibet miniature pigs. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) images were obtained at the time of implantation (T0) and at 6 months (T6). Two animals were sacrificed at T6 for histopathological evaluation. At T6, QCA showed that the mean luminal vascular diameter (mLD) between the PowerStent and the TAXUS stents were similar (2.36 ± 0.38 vs. 2.61 ± 0.31, respectively). Based on the IVUS analysis, the mLD and the mean lumen cross-sectional area (mCSA) in the PowerStent-treated arteries were similar between T0 and T6 (mLD: 2.74 ± 0.13 vs. 2.70 ± 0.20 and mCSA: 6.81 ± 0.62 mm2 vs. 6.68 ± 0.94 mm2). Histopathology showed that the PowerStent stents were well apposed to the vessel wall with no recoil, strut fracture and thrombus formation. The stents were fully covered with a layer of endothelial cells.

Conclusions: At six-month post-implantation, the PowerStent Absorb stents maintained their structural strength and functional performance. The development of restenosis was controlled, no stent thrombosis was observed and the stents were fully re-endothelialized. These results suggest the PowerStent Absorb stent is safe and effective for up to 6 months when implanted in porcine coronary arteries.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2015.2102DOI Listing
October 2015

Novel biodegradable drug-eluting stent composed of poly-L-lactic acid and amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles demonstrates improved structural and functional performance for coronary artery disease.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2014 Jul;10(7):1194-204

Bioabsorbable drug-eluting stents (BDES) offer multiple advantages over a permanent bare metal stent (BMS) for coronary artery disease (CAD). However, current BDES remains two major issues: inferior radial strength and biocompatibility. PowerStent Absorb BDES, fabricated by co-formulating amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nanoparticles with poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA/ACP, 98/2, w/w) and 2% Paclitaxel (PAX, w/w) was designed to address these issues. Two cohorts of 6 miniature pigs were each implanted with PLLA/PAX (control, 2% PAX, w/w) or PowerStent Absorb BDES. After 1 month in-vivo study, histological analyses showed significantly reduced restenosis in the PowerStent Absorb BDES cohort relative to the control cohort (44.49 +/- 410.49% vs. 64.47 +/- 16.2%, p < 0.05). Stent recoil (21.57 +/- 5.36% vs. 33.81 +/- 11.49, P < 0.05) and inflammation (3.01 +/- 0.62 vs. 4.07 +/- 0.86, P < 0.01) were also obviously decreased. From in-vitro studies, PLLA/ACP/PAX stent tube maintained significantly greater radial strength than control group during 6 months in-vitro degradation (PLLA/ACP/PAX vs. PLLA/PAX: before hydrolysis: 82.4 +/- 1.9 N vs.74.8 +/- 3.8 N; 6 weeks: 73.9 +/- 1.8 N vs. 68.0 +/- 5.3 N; 3 months: 73.5 +/- 3.4 N vs.67.2 +/- 3.8 N; 6 months: 56.3 +/- 8.1 N vs. 57.5 +/- 4.9 N). Moreover, ACP facilitated the hydrolytic degradation of PLLA compared with control one (62.6% vs. 49.8%), meanwhile, it also increased the crystallinity of PLLA (58.4% vs. 50.7%) at 6 months. From SEM observations, ACP created nanometer pores that enlarge gradually to a micrometer scale as degradation proceeds. The changes of the porosity may result in greatly promoting re-endothelialization.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2014.1868DOI Listing
July 2014

Improved biocompatibility of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) orv and poly-L-lactic acid blended with nanoparticulate amorphous calcium phosphate in vascular stent applications.

J Biomed Nanotechnol 2014 Jun;10(6):900-10

Biodegradable polymers used as vascular stent coatings and stent platforms encounter a major challenge: biocompatibility in vivo, which plays an important role in in-stent restenosis (ISR). Co-formulating amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) into poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) was investigated to address the issue. For stent coating applications, metal stents were coated with polyethylene-co-vinyl acetate/poly-n-butyl methacrylate (PEVA/PBMA), PLGA or PLGA/ACP composites, and implanted into rat aortas for one and three months. Comparing with both PEVA/PBMA and PLGA groups after one month, the results showed that stents coated with PLGA/ACP had significantly reduced restenosis (PLGA/ACP vs. PEVA/PBMA vs. PLGA: 21.24 +/- 2.59% vs. 27.54 +/- 1.19% vs. 32.12 +/- 3.93%, P < 0.05), reduced inflammation (1.25 +/- 0.35 vs. 1.77 +/- 0.38 vs. 2.30 +/- 0.21, P < 0.05) and increased speed of re-endothelialization (1.78 +/- 0.46 vs. 1.17 +/- 0.18 vs. 1.20 +/- 0.18, P < 0.05). After three months, the PLGA/ACP group still displayed lower inflammation score (1.33 +/- 0.33 vs. 2.27 +/- 0.55, P < 0.05) and higher endothelial scores (2.33 +/- 0.33 vs. 1.20 +/- 0.18, P < 0.05) as compared with the PEVA/PBMA group. Moreover, for stent platform applications, PLLA/ACP stent tube significantly reduced the inflammatory cells infiltration in the vessel walls of rabbit iliac arteries relative to their PLLA cohort (NF-kappaB-positive cells: 23.31 +/- 2.33/mm2 vs. 9.34 +/- 1.35/mm2, P < 0.05). No systemic biochemical or pathological evidence of toxicity was found in either PLGA/ACP or PLLA/ACP. The co-formulation of ACP into PLGA and PLLA resulted in improved biocompatibility without systemic toxicity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2014.1856DOI Listing
June 2014

A DNA vaccine prime followed by a liposome-encapsulated protein boost confers enhanced mucosal immune responses and protection.

J Immunol 2008 May;180(9):6159-67

Oral Vaccine Institute, 10 New Bond Street, Worcester, MA 01606, USA.

A variety of DNA vaccine prime and recombinant viral boost immunization strategies have been developed to enhance immune responses in humans, but inherent limitations to these strategies exist. There is still an overwhelming need to develop safe and effective approaches that raise broad humoral and T cell-mediated immune responses systemically and on mucosal surfaces. We have developed a novel mucosal immunization regimen that precludes the use of viral vectors yet induces potent T cell responses. Using hepatitis B surface Ag (HBsAg), we observed that vaccination of BALB/c mice with an i.m. HBsAg-DNA vaccine prime followed by an intranasal boost with HBsAg protein encapsulated in biologically inert liposomes enhanced humoral and T cell immune responses, particularly on mucosal surfaces. Intranasal live virus challenge with a recombinant vaccinia virus expressing HBsAg revealed a correlation between T cell immune responses and protection of immunized mice. A shortened immunization protocol was developed that was successful in both adult and neonatal mice. These results support the conclusion that this new approach is capable of generating a Th-type-1-biased, broad spectrum immune response, specifically at mucosal surfaces. The success of this design may provide a safe and effective vaccination alternative for human use.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633597PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.180.9.6159DOI Listing
May 2008

LEW.1WR1 rats develop autoimmune diabetes spontaneously and in response to environmental perturbation.

Diabetes 2005 Sep;54(9):2727-33

BioMedical Research Models, 67 Millbrook St., Suite 422, Worcester, MA 01606, USA.

We describe a new rat model of autoimmune diabetes that arose in a major histocompatibility complex congenic LEW rat. Spontaneous diabetes in LEW.1WR1 rats (RT1(u/u/a)) occurs with a cumulative frequency of approximately 2% at a median age of 59 days. The disease is characterized by hyperglycemia, glycosuria, ketonuria, and polyuria. Both sexes are affected, and islets of acutely diabetic rats are devoid of beta-cells, whereas alpha- and delta-cell populations are spared. The peripheral lymphoid phenotype is normal, including the fraction of ART2(+) regulatory T-cells. We tested the hypothesis that the expression of diabetes would be increased by immunological perturbation of innate or adaptive immunity. Treatment of young rats with depleting anti-ART2.1 monoclonal antibody increased the frequency of diabetes to 50%. Treatment with the toll-like receptor 3 ligand polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid increased the frequency of diabetes to 100%. All diabetic rats exhibited end-stage islets. The LEW.1WR1 rat is also susceptible to collagen-induced arthritis but is free of spontaneous thyroiditis. The LEW.1WR1 rat provides a new model for studying autoimmune diabetes and arthritis in an animal with a genetic predisposition to both disorders that can be amplified by environmental perturbation.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1283095PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/diabetes.54.9.2727DOI Listing
September 2005

The BBZDR/Wor rat model for investigating the complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

ILAR J 2004 ;45(3):292-302

Biomedical Research Models, Worcester, MA, USA.

Congenic and inbred strains of rats offer researchers invaluable insight into the etiopathogenesis of diabetes and associated complications. The inbred Bio-Breeding Zucker diabetic rat (BBZDR)/Wor rat strain is a relatively new and emerging model of type 2 diabetes. This strain was created by classical breeding methods used to introgress the defective leptin receptor gene (Lepr(fa)) from insulin-resistant Zucker fatty rats into the inbred BBDR/Wor strain background. The diabetic male BBZDR/Wor rat is homozygous for the fatty mutation and shares the genetic background of the original BB strain. Although lean littermates are phenotypically normal, obese juvenile BBZDR/Wor rats are hyperlipidemic and hyperleptinemic, become insulin resistant, and ultimately develop hyperglycemia. Furthermore, the BBZDR/Wor rat is immune competent and does not develop autoimmunity. Similar to patients with clinical diabetes, the BBZDR/Wor rat develops complications associated with hyperglycemia. The BBZDR/Wor rat is a model system that fully encompasses the ability to study the complications that affect human type 2 diabetic patients. In this review, recent work that has evaluated type 2 diabetic complications in BBZDR/Wor rats is discussed, including the authors' preliminary unpublished studies on cardiovascular disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ilar.45.3.292DOI Listing
July 2005