Publications by authors named "Eduardo Paula Miranda"

3 Publications

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Expression of MicroRNAs (miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222) as Biomarkers of Endothelial Corpus Cavernosum Dysfunction in a Diabetic Alcoholic Murine Model.

Sex Med 2021 Apr 3;9(2):100326. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Division of Urology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirao Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression and are related to endothelial dysfunction (EnD). Recently, miRNAs have also been explored as potential biomarkers and target molecular therapy of erectile dysfunction (ED). Could the miRNAs be the tip of the iceberg of chronic arterial disease foreshadowed by the ED?

Aim: To investigate the expression of miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222 in corpus cavernosum (CC) and peripheral blood in a rat model of endothelium dysfunction secondary to diabetes (DM) and alcohol consumption to assess potential endothelial lesion biomarkers.

Methods: Twenty males Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: control group (C), alcohol consumption group (A), diabetic group (D), diabetic-alcohol consumption group (D + A). DM was alloxan-induced and alcohol consumption was through progressive increase of ethanol concentration in drinkable water. After 7 weeks, miRNAs expressions from CC and blood sample were evaluated by real-time PCR. Functional assessment of CC was performed in an acetylcholine endothelium-dependent relaxation pharmacological study.

Main Outcome Measure: miRNA expression in CC and blood were evaluated; pharmacological study in CC strips was conducted to validate EnD.

Results: We found that 3 miRNAs (miR-16, miR-221, and miR-222) were downregulated in the CC in the D+A group, while all 5 miRNAs were downregulated in the blood of D and D + A groups. The endothelium-dependent relaxation induced by acetylcholine was significantly decreased in groups A, D, and D + A. Diagnostic accuracy estimated by AUC, to discriminating groups A, D, and D + A from controls, was superior to >0.9 in all plasmatic miRNAs.

Conclusion: miRNAs downregulation was identified in both CC and blood notably in DM associated with alcohol consumption animals (D + A), the greatest endothelial injury potential group. Serum miRNAs have also demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy properties in predicting CC relaxation dysfunction labeling EnD. RB Tiraboschi, FSL Neto, DP da Cunha Tirapelli, et al. Expression of MicroRNAs (miR-15b, miR-16, miR-138, miR-221, and miR-222) as Biomarkers of Endothelial Corpus Cavernosum Dysfunction in a Diabetic Alcoholic Murine Model. Sex Med 2021;9:100326.
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April 2021

Malignant paraganglioma in children treated with embolization prior to surgical excision.

World J Surg Oncol 2016 Feb 2;14(1):26. Epub 2016 Feb 2.

Division of Urology, University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Paragangliomas (PGL) are rare tumors derived from neural crest cells, whose origins may vary along the chain of the sympathetic nervous system. Such tumors are often characterized by secretion of catecholamines, but sometimes they are biochemically inactive, which makes diagnosis often challenging. Malignant paraganglioma is defined by the presence of this tumor at sites where chromaffin cells are usually not found or by local invasion of the primary tumor. Recurrence, either regional or metastatic, usually occurs within 5 years of the initial complete resection but long-term recurrence is also described. Malignancy is often linked to a SDHB mutation. Preoperative embolization has been applied in the surgical management of PGLs with the objective to decrease intra-operative blood loss and surgery length without complications.

Case Presentation: We report two cases of patients with abdominal or pelvic malignant PGLs who have been treated surgically at our center after preoperative embolization. Surgery was a very challenging procedure with multiple surgical teams involved and embolization did not prevent major blood loss and intraoperative complications. Patients required adjuvant treatment with either chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

Conclusions: Many studies in the adult population have established recommendations for the diagnosis and therapeutic management of PGL, but few studies concern the pediatric population. Because malignant PGL is more important in the pediatric population, screening and early diagnosis of PGL is advisable in children with genetic predisposing. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, but a multimodal approach is often required due to the complexity of cases.  The role of preoperative embolization is not established and in our experience it has provided little benefit and major complications.
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February 2016