Publications by authors named "Eduardo Corona-Rodarte"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Causes of erythrocytosis and its impact as a risk factor for thrombosis according to etiology: experience in a referral center in Mexico City.

Blood Res 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Thrombotic events are well documented in primary erythrocytosis, but it is uncertain if secondary etiologies increase the risk of thrombosis. This study aimed to determine the causes of erythrocytosis and to identify its impact as a risk factor for thrombosis.

Methods: Data were obtained from patients with erythrocytosis between 2000 and 2017 at a referral hospital in Mexico City. Erythrocytosis was defined according to the 2016 WHO classification. Time to thrombosis, major bleeding, or death were compared among groups of patients defined by the etiology of erythrocytosis using a Cox regression model, adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors.

Results: In total, 330 patients with erythrocytosis were studied. The main etiologies of erythrocytosis were obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in 29%, polycythemia vera (PV) in 18%, and chronic lung disease (CLD) in 9.4% of the patients. The incidence rate of thrombosis was significantly higher in patients with PV and CLD than that in patients with OSA (incidence rates of 4.51 and 6.24 vs. 1.46 cases per 100 person-years, =0.009), as well as the mortality rate (mortality rates of 2.72 and 2.43 vs. 0.17 cases per 100 person-years, =0.003).

Conclusion: The risk of thrombosis in CLD with erythrocytosis was comparable to that in patients with PV. Further larger-scale studies are needed to confirm these findings and evaluate the benefits of preventive management of COPD with erythrocytosis similar to PV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5045/br.2021.2021111DOI Listing
August 2021

Lactobacillus gasseri liver abscess and bacteremia: a case report.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 2;21(1):518. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Internal Medicine, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga 15, Tlalpan, 14080, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: Lactobacillus is a genus of Gram-positive non-spore-forming rods usually found in the microbiota of the oral cavity, gastrointestinal tract, and female genitourinary tract. Also, they are commonly used in the food industry as supplements and probiotics. Lactobacilli are normally considered non-pathogenic to the human body, however, under certain circumstances such as immunosuppression, they can cause severe infections, with only a few cases of bacteremia, infective endocarditis, pneumonia, meningitis, and intra-abdominal infections reported. Among these presentations, a pyogenic liver abscess is rather rare.

Case Presentation: We describe the case of a 59-year-old man with a history of diabetes mellitus and multiple abdominal surgeries with the latest being in 2014 presenting with bacteremia and multiple large pyogenic liver abscesses due to Lactobacillus gasseri, which did not appear to be related to the use of probiotics or immunosuppression.

Conclusions: Given the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and the increased use of probiotics, it is expected that in the future we will see an increase in infections caused by Lactobacilli. Medical management with antibiotics and percutaneous drainage were successful strategies for the treatment of this unusual case of pyogenic liver abscesses and bacteremia caused by Lactobacillus gasseri.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12879-021-06181-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8173985PMC
June 2021

Do we need skin toxicity? Association of immune checkpoint inhibitor and tyrosine kinase inhibitor-related cutaneous adverse events with outcomes in metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

Int J Dermatol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico.

Introduction: Skin toxicity is a common, expected side effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) used for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). We evaluated the association between skin toxicity and clinical efficacy outcomes of these agents in mRCC patients.

Methods And Materials: Data were obtained from patients with mRCC treated with TKIs and/or ICIs from 2016-2019 at a referral hospital in Mexico City. Clinical outcomes were compared among patients who developed treatment-related cutaneous adverse events (AEs) and those without skin toxicity.

Results: Thirty-five patients with mRCC were identified who were treated with sunitinib (51.4%), nivolumab plus cabozantinib (28.6%), nivolumab monotherapy (17.1%), or ipilimumab plus nivolumab plus cabozantinib (2.9%). Any grade skin toxicity was seen in 65.7% of patients. With a median follow-up of 14 months, radiological responses were as follows: 48.6% stable disease, 25.7% partial response, and 2.8% complete response. Compared to subjects without skin toxicity, patients who developed cutaneous AEs had higher disease control rate 91.3% vs. 50.0% (P = 0.019) and superior 12-month overall survival rate 91% vs. 67% (P = 0.01), respectively. There was a trend toward improved median progression-free survival (16 months vs. 5 months, P = 0.13). Grade 1-2 cutaneous toxicity was found to be predictive for disease control, with HR 2.72 (95% CI 1.1-6.71, P = 0.030), and all grade cutaneous toxicity was prognostic of overall survival, with HR 0.18 (95% CI 0.04-0.91, P = 0.039).

Conclusion: Cutaneous AEs are associated with improved overall survival and response in patients with mRCC treated with immunotherapy and/or TKIs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijd.15583DOI Listing
April 2021

[The Family].

Rev Chilena Infectol 2020 Dec;37(6):788-789

Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición "Salvador Zubirán", Ciudad de México, México.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0716-10182020000600788DOI Listing
December 2020
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