Publications by authors named "Eda Arş"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Transverse Process Fractures: A Clinical Series and Coronal Injury of the Spine.

World Neurosurg 2018 Nov 28. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Neurosurgery Department, Gazi Hospital, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: Transverse process fractures in trauma patients frequently are diagnosed using computed tomography and result in severe pain and limitation of motion. However, there is no accepted standard of care. Thus, these fractures can be treated with excessive measures or inadequately treated. In this study, diagnosis and treatment of transverse process fractures are examined.

Methods: The mechanisms of trauma, findings, and associated organ injuries of 50 patients with transverse process fractures and no other spinal injuries treated between 2013 and 2015 were recorded. The same treatment protocol was applied to each patient. The results of the treatments were examined retrospectively and recorded.

Results: Deformation and edema of the fascia and muscles around the transverse process fractures were detected by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The average pain intensity of the patients before treatment was 8.8 of 10 on a visual analog scale and 5.2 of 10 after treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, muscle relaxants, flexible support corsets, and mobilization. Patients hospitalized for additional pathologies were primarily treated in thoracic surgery wards (11 of 15 patients). Transverse process fractures were caused by backward falls or blows to the back in 49 patients.

Conclusions: Transverse process fractures can be treated quickly and effectively with the recommended protocol after excluding any accompanying organ injuries or other spinal injuries. Transverse process fractures most often occur during backward falls or blows to the back, commonly low-energy injuries. This trauma mechanism can be described as a "coronal injury of the spine."
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November 2018

Conventional vs  invert-grayscale X-ray for diagnosis of pneumothorax in the emergency setting.

Am J Emerg Med 2017 Sep 18;35(9):1217-1221. Epub 2017 Mar 18.

Koç University Hospital, Emergency Department, Davutpaşa Caddesi No:4 34010 Topkapı, İstanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Introduction: Pneumothorax is a pathologic condition in which air is accumulated between the visceral and parietal pleura. After clinical suspicion, in order to diagnose the severity of the condition, imaging is necessary. By using the help of Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) direct conventional X-rays are converted to gray-scale and this has become a preferred method among many physicians.

Methods: Our study design was a case-control study with cross-over design study. Posterior-anterior chest X-rays of patients were evaluated for pneumothorax by 10 expert physicians with at least 3years of experience and who have used inverted gray-scale posterior anterior chest X-ray for diagnosing pneumothorax.

Results: The study included posterior anterior chest X-ray images of 268 patients of which 106 were diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax and 162 patients used as a control group. The sensitivity of Digital-conventional X-rays was found to be higher than that of inverted gray-scale images (95% CI (2,08-5,04), p<0,01). There was no statistically significant difference between the gold standard and digital-conventional images (95% CI (0,45-2,17), p=0,20), while the evaluations of the gray-scale images were found to be less sensitive for diagnosis (95% CI (3,16-5,67) p<0,01).

Conclusion: Inverted gray-scale imaging is not a superior imaging modality over digital-conventional X-ray for the diagnosis of pneumothorax. Prospective studies should be performed where diagnostic potency of inverted gray-scale radiograms is tested against gold standard chest CT. Further research should compare inverted grayscale to lung ultrasound to assess them as alternatives prior to CT.
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September 2017