Publications by authors named "E Tolino"

49 Publications

An Open-label Study Comparing Oral Zinc to Lymecycline in the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris.

J Clin Aesthet Dermatol 2021 May 1;14(5):56-58. Epub 2021 May 1.

All authors are with the Dermatology Unit "Daniele Innocenzi", Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, at the Sapienza University of Rome in Polo Pontino, Latina, Italy.

Acne is a chronic multifactorial skin disease with a high prevalence among adolescents. The therapeutic approach for mild to moderate papulopustular acne includes the use of systemic tetracycline. Increased risk of antibiotic resistance necessitates research into alternative therapeutic approaches, such as zinc sulphate. Efficacy of zinc sulphate in acne treatment is widely reported in the literature, but drug comparison studies are lacking. We sought to compare the efficacy and safety of zinc sulphate to lymecycline for the treatment of mild to moderate papulopustular acne. One hundred patients were equally randomized to receive either zinc sulphate or lymecycline. Acne severity was evaluated using the subjective Global Acne Grading System (GAGS) and the Acne-specific Quality of Life (AQoL) questionnaire at baseline and after four and 12 weeks. Both zinc sulphate and lymecycline induced a statistically significant reduction in GAGS scores at four and 12 weeks of treatment. The improvements in AQoL scores in patients treated with zinc sulphate were significantly higher than those in the lymecycline group. Our study suggests that zinc sulphate is a valid alternative therapeutic approach in the treatment of mild to moderate papulopustular acne relative to lymecycline in terms of clinical efficacy, tolerability, and the occurrence of side effects.
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May 2021

How lockdown measures, during COVID-19 pandemic, matter on psoriatic patient's perception: Study on 600 patients on biologic therapy.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Jul 1;14(7):878-882. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Dermatology Unit "D. Innocenzi", Polo Pontino, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a public health crisis of global proportion. In psoriatic patients treated with biologic agents, evidence is not yet available on susceptibility to infection with the novel SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus, and data about the perception of COVID-19 and its impact on these patients are lacking.

Aims: The aim of this observational, spontaneous study was the evaluation of the impact of anti COVID-19 measures in "fragile population" such as patients with a chronic inflammatory disease. Thus, we evaluated the impact of perceived risk on quality of life of patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, in our outpatient clinic, and how their perceptions changed before and after the adoption of Covid-19 emergency measures following the Italian Ministerial Decree in March 9, 2020.

Methods: Using a series of questions, our study surveyed adult patients with moderate to severe psoriasis receiving treatment with biologic agents (n = 591), before and after the adoption of COVID-19 emergency measures.

Results: Most patients (97%) had been sufficiently informed by healthcare staff about COVID-19 spread. A significant change was observed in social activity reduction before and after the adoption of the measures (18% vs. 90% of patients; P < 0.0001). Similarly, patients were more likely to suspend ongoing therapy after the measures were adopted than before (87% vs. 34% of patients; P < 0.0001). Following the measures, older patients were significantly more inclined to suspend therapy and reduce social activities than younger patients.

Conclusions: Government COVID-19 emergency measures further curtailed already reduced social activities in psoriatic patients, and led to a greater inclination to suspend biologic therapy, more so in older patients, despite there being no evidence to support this suspension. These vulnerable patients may need support from clinicians in order to maintain treatment adherence.
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July 2021

Metastatic penile squamous cell carcinoma successfully treated with cemiplimab in an HIV patient.

Dermatol Ther 2021 03 17;34(2):e14744. Epub 2021 Jan 17.

Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Dermatology Unit "Daniele Innocenzi", Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

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March 2021

Do Diet and Lifestyles Play a Role in the Pathogenesis of NMSCs?

Nutrients 2020 Nov 11;12(11). Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Dermatology Unit "Daniele Innocenzi", Department of Medical-Surgical Sciences and Bio-Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Fiorini Hospital, Polo Pontino, 04019 Terracina, Italy.

Background And Aims: Literature highlights the role of risk factors like age, body mass index (BMI), tobacco smoking, alcohol intake and diet in the pathogenesis of several cancer types but little is known for non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC). The aim of this epidemiological study was to evaluate the correlation between modifiable risk factors (BMI, metabolic panel, diet, lifestyle, medical history) and not modifiable risk factors (gender, age) and NMSC development.

Methods: From February 2018 to September 2019, 162 patients affected by NMSC were compared to a group of 167 controls. A univariate and multivariate analysis was conducted to elaborate the data collected through face-to-face interviews.

Results: While our evidence did not always reach statistical significance, NMSC study group patients exhibited high rates of analyzed risk factors (male gender aging over 55 years, high BMI, reduced physical activity) compared to the control group.

Conclusions: Our study indicates that practicing more than 30 min of physical activity daily could be a protective factor against the NMSC onset. Other risk factors were not correlated with NMSC, but more evidence is needed to establish a possible link.
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November 2020