Publications by authors named "E Gandybina"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

[COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH VENOUS TROPHIC ULCER IN THE CONDITIONS OF COVID-19 HOSPITAL].

Georgian Med News 2021 Mar(312):7-14

Federal State Autonomous Educational Institution of Higher Education I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University) of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

The aim of the study was to study the effectiveness of complex treatment of decompensated chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) using innovative techniques and proteolysis inhibitors with a wide spectrum of activity in patients with SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) in COVID hospital. This study was performed in the surgical department of COVID hospital on the basis of the Clinical Hospital No. 4 of the First Moscow State Medical University named I.M. Sechenov (Sechenov University). During the period from April 2020 to February 2021, 32 patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) and the presence of venous trophic ulcers (VTU) of the lower extremities were treated. All patients underwent complex therapy for viral pneumonia in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. The protease inhibitor Aprotinin (Gordox ™) was used to improve microcirculation and prevent the development of a "cytokine storm". To accelerate the cleansing and epithelialization of venous trophic ulcers, the surface of the trophic ulcer was treated with an air plasma flow of NO and injections into the trophic ulcer of autoplasma. Against the background of complex treatment, all patients showed positive dynamics of the clinical picture: relief of hyperthermia, increase or stabilization of SpO2 values from 95% and above, significant decrease in CRP, LDH, D-dimer indices, increase in the number of lymphocytes, decrease in the VTU area by 1.5 times, active granulation and marginal epithelialization of the ulcer. In 14 patients (43.8%), complete epithelialization of the VTU defect was noted by the end of the third week. According to the CIVIQ-20 questionnaire, all 32 patients participating in the study showed positive dynamics. There were no lethal outcomes. Multicomponent therapy of decompensated forms of CVI of the lower extremities in the COVID hospital in patients with moderate severity of coronavirus infection with the use of proteolysis inhibitors leads to a rapid relief of symptoms of intoxication, prevents the progression of lung tissue and parenchymal organ damage and contributes to the positive dynamics of healing of ulcerative defects in the vast majority of patients.
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March 2021

[Administration of the immunomodulatory drug aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium for prevention of progression pneumonia induced COVID-19].

Ter Arkh 2020 Dec 26;92(11):65-70. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University).

Aim to determine the efficacy of drug aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium (Galavit) for prevention of progression of the coronavirus infection pulmonary complications: acceleration of regression of pulmonary infiltrates and resolution of COVID-induced pneumonia. 22 patients with medium and severe COVID-induced pneumonia were included in the study. The study included 8 men and 14 women, the average age was 62.17.4 years. Patients with more than one adverse prognostic factor made 82%. Average volume of pulmonary tissue affection (computer tomography CT-2, 2550% of lung volume) was registered in 13 (59.1%) patients, significant volume (CT-3, 5075% of lung volume), in 9 (40.9%) patients. All patients had progressive respiratory failure manifestations due to hypoxemia and related diseases. Aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium was administered for 714 days from the beginning of disease, at the end of the course of standard complex therapy, in case of preservation of signs of intoxication, negative dynamics according to computer tomography data. Administration of aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium had a positive effect on the dynamics of clinical scores. The progression of respiratory failure was halted and there was an increase in SpO2 values. According to the control computer tomography data the stabilization of the pulmonary parenchyma affection degree was noted, as well as reduction of the size of the compacted areas in the pulmonary tissue and formation of the picture of organising pneumonia that contributed to reduction of respiratory failure grade. The use of aminodihydrophthalazinedione sodium in complex therapy of COVID-induced pneumonia has a modulating effect on the immune system, prevents the progression of pulmonary tissue affection, promotes regression of infiltration foci, preventing the development of excessive pneumofibrosis and the progression of respiratory failure.
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December 2020

[Optical sonography in differential diagnosis of thyroid nodes].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2020 (11):19-24

Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To develop a non-invasive method for differential diagnosis of thyroid nodes.

Material And Methods: Optical sonography was made in 623 patients with thyroid nodes including 374 women (60%) and 249 men (40%) aged 19-79 years (mean 64±15 years). All patients underwent ultrasound-assisted fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Cytological examination revealed cystic colloidal goiter (CCG) in 317 (51%) cases, follicular adenoma (FA) - in 197 (31.5%) cases, thyroid cancer - in 109 (17.5%) cases. All patients underwent surgery. Histological examination verified cystic colloidal goiter in 354 (56.8%) cases, follicular adenoma - 75 (12.0%) cases, thyroid cancer - 194 (31.2%) cases. Follicular cancer was diagnosed in 120 cases, papillary cancer - 70 cases, undifferentiated cancer - 4 cases.

Results And Conclusion: Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of optical ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules were estimated. Sensitivity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of thyroid malignancies was 0.75, specificity 0.62, accuracy 0.67. Sensitivity of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of thyroid adenoma was 0.85, specificity 0.62, accuracy 0.73. Sensitivity of optical sonography in the diagnosis of CCH was 0.62, specificity 0.61, accuracy 0.7. Optical sonography ensures differentiation of CCH and follicular adenoma, CCH and thyroid cancer, follicular adenoma and thyroid cancer. Sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of ultrasonography in differential diagnosis of FA and thyroid cancer are 0.85, 0.62, 0.73 and 0.8, 0.71, 0.7, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia202011119DOI Listing
December 2020

[LOW-ENERGY LASER TECHNOLOGY IN THE COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PRESSURE SORES IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE BRAIN DAMAGE].

Georgian Med News 2020 Jun(303):7-12

First Moscow State Medical University named after Sechenov. Russia.

Aim - to improve the results of treatment of pressure sores using low-energy laser technology. The authors performed a comparative analysis of the effectiveness of the use of low-energy laser irradiation in the complex treatment of pressure ulcers of 2-3 degrees in 35 patients with severe brain damage for the period from 2017-2019. The contact laser was used with the following parameters: wave length - 904 nm, frequency - 5000 Hz, irradiation mode - pulsed, power - 13.5mWt/cm2, exposure - on average 2 minutes per zone. The results were compared with those in 41 people treated according to the traditional methodology. The demographic criteria, localization and length of the process did not have significant intergroup differences. The use of low-energy laser technology in combination with other conservative methods made it possible to accelerate the healing of pressure sores by 1.3-1.4 times, and to reduce the degree of microbial contamination of the focus in earlier periods (p<0.05). At the same time, both the duration of the inpatient rehabilitation phase and the overall treatment costs are reduced. An integrated approach using low-energy laser technology as an additional physical factor can significantly improve the results of the treatment of pressure sores in people with severe brain damage.
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June 2020

[Evolution of complex treatment of patients with non-specific pleural empyema].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2017(4):24-29

Chair of faculty surgery #2, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, University's Hospital #4, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To analyze long-term own experience of NPE treatment in view of evolution of surgical sanitation of pleural cavity.

Material And Methods: The analysis included 5115 patients with NPE for the last 39 years (1977-2015). Morbidity, features of microflora of purulent exudate, changes in the structure of surgical methods were assessed. The role of computed tomography in the diagnostic algorithm and treatment of NPE was studied.

Results: The evolution of NPE surgical management includes introduction of video technologies, thermal surgical instruments and widespread use of computed tomography in the diagnosis of pleural empyema. So, significant reduction of patients who were discharged with residual cavities was observed. Postoperative mortality was 19.5% for the period 1977-1996 when traumatic open surgery was used. At the same time there were no deaths within 1997-2015 due to introduction of VATS pleural drainage. Overall mortality decreased from 4.9% to 3.2% for the same period due to reduced postoperative complications.

Conclusion: The introduction of minimally invasive technologies, new thermal surgical instruments changed management of NPE patients, reduced the number of traumatic open procedures. So, improved outcomes were achieved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/hirurgia2017424-29DOI Listing
May 2019