Publications by authors named "E A Gilyazitdinova"

6 Publications

[The prognostic value of ASXL1 mutation in primary myelofibrosis. Literature review and clinical case description].

Ter Arkh 2020 Sep 1;92(7):95-99. Epub 2020 Sep 1.

National Research Center for Hematology.

Primary myelofibrosis is a myeloproliferative neoplasm that occurs de novo, characterized by clonal proliferation of stem cells, abnormal expression of cytokines, bone marrow fibrosis, hepatosplenomegaly as a result of extramedullary hematopoiesis, symptoms of tumor intoxication, cachexemia, peripheral blood leukoerythroblastosis, leukemic progression and low survival. Primary myelofibrosis is a chronic incurable disease. The aims of therapy: preventing progression, increasing overall survival, improving quality of life. The choice of therapeutic tactics is limited. Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is the only method that gives a chance for a cure. The role of mutations in a number of genes in the early identification of candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is being actively studied. The article describes the clinical case of the detection ofASXL1gene mutations in a patient with prefibrous primary myelofibrosis. The diagnosis was established on the basis of WHO criteria 2016. The examination revealed a mutation ofASXL1. Interferon alfa therapy is carried out, against the background of which clinico-hematological remission has been achieved. Despite the identified mutation, the patient is not a candidate for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Given the unfavorable prognostic value of theASXL1mutation, the patient is subject to active dynamic observation and aggressive therapeutic tactics when signs of disease progression appear.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/00403660.2020.07.000788DOI Listing
September 2020

[Clinical features and diagnosis of Ph - negative myeloproliferative neoplasms occurring in conjunction with the antiphospholipid syndrome].

Ter Arkh 2019 Jul 15;91(7):93-99. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

National Research Center for Hematology.

Thrombosis is a serious and extremely dangerous disease that has a negative impact on the quality and longevity. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a pathology characterized by recurring venous, arterial, microvasculature thrombosis, pregnancy pathology with loss of the fetus and the synthesis of antiphospholipid antibodies. A high risk of thrombotic complications is also observed in patients with myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN). This article presents a description of three clinical cases of Ph - negative myeloproliferative diseases, occurring in conjunction with APS. In all cases, recurrent thrombosis allowed to suspect the presence of two diseases - MPN and APS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/00403660.2019.07.000324DOI Listing
July 2019

Cepeginterferon alfa-2b in the treatment of chronic myeloproliferative diseases.

Ter Arkh 2018 Aug;90(7):23-29

National Research Center for hematology, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: A comparative evaluation of the effectiveness of different therapeutic strategies in patients with polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET).

Materials And Methods: Patients with PV or ET, diagnosed according to the criteria WHO 2016 were included in the study. The primary endpoint - 6 months of therapy (clinical-hematological and molecular responses). The secondary endpoint - 12 months of therapy (clinico-hematologic, molecular, histological responses). Sixty three patients were included in the analysis: the first group consisted of 33 patients who received the therapy with ce-pegiterferone alpha-2b (ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b), 10 of them received previous treatment; the second group - 23 patients btained hydroxycarbamide; the third group - 7 patients were treated with recombinant interferon alpha therapy (rINFα). In comparison groups, differences in age were revealed: patients receiving hydroxycarbamide therapy were older. Phlebotomy occurred in 36% of patients in the first group, 9% in the second group, and 14% in the third group.

Results: By the 6th month of therapy, 43% of the patients receiving the ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b had complete clinical-hematologic response, 36% had partial clinical-hematologic remission and stabilization of the disease was established in 21% cases. No disease progression occured. By the 12th month of therapy, statistically significant differences in terms of efficacy between the different therapeutic groups (p = 0.2462, Fisher's exact test). In all three groups, the allelic load of JAK2V617F decreased: from 50 to 19%, from 22.3 to 15.8%, from 50 to 7.19%, respectively. The lower the allele load positively correlated with better response to therapy, which was observed in all analyzed groups. Hematologic adverse events (AEs) were more frequently observed in patients receiving ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b therapy. Local reactions developed on 3-7 days of therapy as a hyperemic macula at the injection site. Both these reactions and hair loss did not influence on patient's condition. In the second group (patients with hydroxycarbamide therapy) there were changes in the skin and mucous membranes: dry skin, stomatitis, and in older patients new keratomas appeared. The flu-like syndrome was the most common adverse event associated with the therapy of ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b, which fully relived during the first month of therapy. There was only one case with the flu-like syndrome we observed at the 11th month of therapy. As a rule, the biochemical blood test changes did not influence on patient's condition, were mostly associated with dietary violations, had a tendency to self-resolution and did not require medical interventions. Serious AEs were reported in one case - pulmonary embolism in a patient treated with rINFα. The reasons for the therapy discontinue in group 1: toxic hepatitis, intolerance, by the request of the patient, inadequate efficacy of therapy; in group 2: skin toxicity, in group 3: thromboses.

Conclusion: Treatment of ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b in patients with PV and ET is highly effective - the most patients pbtained clinical and hematological responses. There were no statistically significant differences in these parameters in comparison with hydroxycarbamide and rINFα. The use of the ce-pegalpha-INF-α-2b had an acceptable safety profile. The estimated therapeutic dose should be calculated according to body weight. To reduce the frequency of hematologic AE, titration of the drug dose is required.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.26442/terarkh201890723-29DOI Listing
August 2018

[Clinical features of essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis, depending on the molecular characteristics of disease].

Ter Arkh 2017;89(7):4-9

National Research Center for Hematology, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

The aim of the present paper was to evaluate the clinical features and risk of thrombotic events (TE) in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF), depending on the molecular characteristics of disease. Clinical data and laboratory parameters were analyzed in 50 ET patients and 50 PMF ones who had been followed up at the Department for Standardization of Treatments, National Research Center for Hematology, Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, from February 2015 to September 2016. The patients with ET and those with PMF were found to have a high risk of TE. The risk for TE in the patients with ET is higher (24% in the entire group) than in those with PMF (14% in the study group). In ET, there is a high thrombosis risk in the detection of JAK2 and CALR gene mutations as compared with triple-negative cases. The PMF patients with JAK2 V617F mutations are at high risk for TE compared to those who are CALR mutation carriers and in triple-negative cases. There was no significant association of TE with high thrombocytosis. A factor, such as age, was found to be of no negative prognostic value in the patients with PMF.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/terarkh20178974-9DOI Listing
November 2017

[Clinical and morphological features of different types of Castleman's disease].

Ter Arkh 2015 ;87(7):64-71

Hematology Research Center, Ministry of Health of Russia, Moscow, Russia.

Aim: To study the clinical features of Castleman's disease (CD) and to elaborate therapeutic approaches in its different morphological types.

Subjects And Methods: The clinical and laboratory data were studied in 59 prospectively examined patients and 17 retrospectively examined ones with CD who had been treated at the Outpatient Department, Hematology Research Centre, in 1996 to 2014. There were a total of 37 men (median age, 36 years) and 39 women (median age, 34 years). The diagnosis was established from the results of histological and immunohistochemical examinations of removed lymph nodes (LN) or tumors in all the cases.

Results: A hyaline vascular variant (HVV) with local LN involvement was diagnosed in 38 (50%) patients; a plasma cell variant (PCV) was in 38 (50%); among the latter, 17 (22%) patients were found to have local involvement and 21 (28%) had generalized (multicentriC) involvement (multicentric Castleman's diseases (MCD)). Five (24%) patients with MCD were established to be infected with human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8). HVV was more frequently diagnosed in women (4%) than in men (29%); PCV was equally common in both men (47%) and women (53%); MCD was statistically significantly more frequently encountered in men (86%) than in women (14%) (p=0.05). The basic involvement areas in local HVV and PCV were peripheral (38%), mediastinal (29), retroperitoneal (18%), abdominal (9%), and small pelvic (6%) LNs. HVV and local PCV were benign and these were cured by surgical removal of LNs involved in the pathological process. MCD took its aggressive course with obvious constitutional symptoms, generalized lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, hypergammaglobulinemia, autoimmune hemolysis, thrombocytopenia, and involvement of extranodal foci in the pathological process. MCD transformation to plasmablastic lymphoma was observed in 4 of the 5 HHV8-positive patients and followed by a poor outcome. The prognosis of untreated MCD was unfavorable. In a number of cases prednisolone monotherapy worsened prognosis and the MCD patients receiving timely multiple-drug R-CHOP or R-VD chemotherapy could achieve sustained remission (the 5-year overall survival was 55%).

Conclusion: CD must be included into the differential diagnosis of lymphadenopathies. When specific treatment is performed, the prognosis of HVV and local PCV is favorable: the disease is surgically cured in 95% of cases. Multidrug chemotherapy according to the B-cell lymphoproliferative disease program is indicated for the treatment of MCD: sustained remission can be achieved by the use of R-CHOP or R-VD programs. The HHV-8-positive variants of MCD increase the probability of transforming the disease to incurable plasmablastic lymphoma. Overall, prognosis and therapy choice in HIV-negative patients with CD depend on the histological variant of the disease, the extent of a tumor, and HHV-8 infection.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.17116/terarkh201587764-71DOI Listing
October 2015