Publications by authors named "Duaran Lopes Sousa"

2 Publications

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Interleukin-18 promoter -137 G/C polymorphism (rs187238) is associated with biochemical markers of renal function and cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes patients.

Clin Biochem 2020 Jun 21;80:1-7. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Background: Interleukin-18 (IL-18), a proinflammatory and proatherogenic cytokine, has been associated with type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, stroke and coronary artery disease. Some studies have indicated that the IL-18 promoter -137 G/C polymorphism seems to be associated with changes in the IL-18 expression and may contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between -137 G/C polymorphism and the levels of IL-18, biochemical markers for cardiovascular disorders, anthropometric profile and cardiovascular disease in Brazilian patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

Design & Methods: Study subjects comprised 125 T2DM patients undergoing follow-up at a reference endocrinology service in northeastern Brazil. The -137G/C polymorphism in the IL-18 gene and serum IL-18 levels were determined by using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and enzyme-linked immune assay (ELISA), respectively. The anthropometric parameters were assessed using a Body Composition Monitor with Scale, and the laboratory data were measured using an automatic analyzer as well as spectrophotometric analysis.

Results: The genotype distribution of IL-18 -137 G/C genetic polymorphism was significantly different among T2DM patients with and without CVD. The results show an association between the CC genotype of -137G/C polymorphism and CVD in T2DM patients (p < 0.001). Serum levels of IL-18 were significantly higher in CC carriers (843.1 pg/mL) compared with GG or GC carriers (303.6 pg/mL and 292.0 pg/mL, respectively). In addition, the present study showed that carriers of the CC genotype also had significantly higher concentrations of creatinine and albuminuria than carriers of the GG or GC genotypes (p < 0.05 in both).

Conclusion: These results suggest that Brazilian T2DM patients with the CC genotype seem to show a predisposition to CVD, as well as an elevation in markers of renal function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2020.03.011DOI Listing
June 2020

Comparison of early cardiovascular risk among Brazilian and African university students.

Clin Biochem 2020 Jan 1;75:7-14. Epub 2019 Nov 1.

Department of Clinical and Toxicological Analysis, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

Cardiovascular diseases are among the main causes of mortality worldwide, and dyslipidemia is a principal factor risk. Hence the study of biochemical markers is necessary for early diagnosis.

Objectives: Evaluate biomarkers to diagnose the risks of cardiovascular diseases in healthy Brazilian and African young adults.

Design & Methods: Weight, height, waist circumference, percentage of body fat and systemic blood pressure were measured; and fasting blood samples were taken for biochemical analysis. Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-c, and apolipoproteins A-I and B were measured on automated equipment using commercially available kits, in addition to the tests of antioxidant capacity of HDL and the enzymatic activity of Paraoxonase 1.

Results: After statistical analysis, it was found that BMI, WC, fat (%), triglycerides, ApoB/ApoA-I ratio and Vmax were higher in Brazilians, while HDL-c, ApoA-I, Lag Time, Vmax and PON1 activity were higher in Africans. In Brazilians, the ApoB/ApoA-I ratio was related to obesity factors and lipid profile, but in Africans it was related only to lipids. The antioxidant capacity of HDL and PON1 activity was better in Africans. Through independence testing, we observed an association with moderate risk of myocardial infarction with gender in Africans. In the binary logistic regression analysis, it was found that men in general - and particularly African men - have higher risk of myocardial infarction than women; Odds Ratio 2144 (CI: 1343-3424) and 2281 (CI: 1082-4811), respectively.

Conclusions: The anthropometric and biochemical parameters of Brazilians, especially men, predispose them to greater risks of cardiovascular diseases.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2019.09.007DOI Listing
January 2020
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