Publications by authors named "Dongfang Bai"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

LncRNA CASC15 promotes the proliferation of papillary thyroid carcinoma cells by regulating the miR-7151-5p/WNT7A axis.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Sep 21;225:153561. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Endocrinology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China. Electronic address:

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in the regulation of human thyroid cancer (TC), including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC); PTC is the most common pathological subtype of TC. To date, the expression, function, and mechanism of the lncRNA CASC15 in PTC remain unclear. The present study results showed that CASC15 was overexpressed in PTC tissues compared with normal tissues and acted as a potent oncogene to promote the proliferation and tumorigenesis of PTC cells both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistic studies demonstrated that CASC15 could serve as an endogenous miRNA sponge to absorb and downregulate miR-7151-5p, thereby preventing the inhibition of WNT7A during PTC progression. Furthermore, the study demonstrated that CASC15 activated the WNT/β‑catenin signaling pathway by upregulating WNT7A in PTC. Taken together, our findings identified CASC15 as a potential diagnostic marker or therapeutic target for PTC progression. DATA AVAILABILITY: Please contact the corresponding author for a data request.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.prp.2021.153561DOI Listing
September 2021

Oxidative stress is important in the pathogenesis of stress-related mucosal disease.

Exp Ther Med 2020 Nov 11;20(5):83. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Department of Gastroenterology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, P.R. China.

Stress-related mucosal disease (SRMD) is a common complication in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible mechanisms for the pathogenesis of SRMD. In total, 38 patients with SRMD were enrolled from an ICU, as well as 15 healthy volunteers. The disease severity of patients in ICU was evaluated using the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score. Gastric mucosa with the most severe lesions were biopsied for hematoxylin and eosin staining and then assessed by pathological damage scoring. The serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and ischemic modified albumin (IMA) were also detected. In addition, claudin-3 and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) in the gastric mucosa were assessed by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The average APACHE II score of the patients with SRMD was significantly higher compared with the controls. Moreover, the levels of MDA (4.74±2.89 nmol/ml) and IMA (93.61±10.78 U/ml) in patients with SRMD were significantly higher compared with the controls (P<0.001), while those of SOD (89.66±12.85 U/ml) in the patients with SRMD were significantly lower compared with the controls (P<0.001). Furthermore, compared with the control, iNOS expression was significantly higher (P=0.034), while the expression of claudin-3 was significantly lower in patients with SRMD (P<0.001). The results indicated that APACHE II score was positively correlated with pathological damage score (r=0.639, P<0.001) and levels of MDA (r=0.743, P<0.001), but negatively correlated with the level of SOD (r=-0.392, P=0.015). In addition, MDA was positively correlated with IMA (r=0.380, P=0.018), but negatively correlated with claudin-3 (r=-0.377, P=0.020). Therefore, it was speculated that oxidative stress may play an important role in the pathogenesis of SRMD, and NO levels and cell membrane permeability are altered during this process.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2020.9211DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7499950PMC
November 2020

An experimental study of exenatide effects on renal injury in diabetic rats1.

Acta Cir Bras 2019 Feb 14;34(1):e20190010000001. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Master, Second Department of Endocrinology, Tai'an Central Hospital, China. Design of the study, critical revision, final approval.

Purpose: To investigate the effects of exenatide on renal injury in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

Methods: Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, exenatide-1, exenatide-2 and exenatide-3 groups, 10 rats in each group. The diabetic nephropathy model was constructed in later 4 groups. Then, the later 3 groups were treated with 2, 4 and 8 μg/kg exenatide for 8 weeks, respectively. The serum and urine biochemical indexes and oxidative stress and inflammatory indexes in renal tissue were determined.

Results: Compared to the model group, in exenatide-3 group the serum fasting plasma glucose and hemoglobin A1c levels were significantly decreased, the fasting insulin level was significantly increased, the renal index and blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine and 24 h urine protein levels were significantly decreased, the renal tissue superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase levels were significantly increased, the malondialdehyde level was significantly decreased, and the renal tissue tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6, hypersensitive C-reactive protein and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 levels were significantly decreased P<0.05).

Conclusions: Exenatide can mitigate the renal injury in diabetic rats. The mechanisms may be related to its resistance of oxidative stress and inflammatory response in renal tissue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s0102-865020190010000001DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6585921PMC
February 2019

Correlations of Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage Complicated with Stress Ulcer Bleeding with Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II Score, Endothelin (ET), Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α), and Blood Lipids.

Med Sci Monit 2018 Dec 16;24:9120-9126. Epub 2018 Dec 16.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tai'an Central Hospital, Tai'an, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND This study investigated the correlations between acute cerebral hemorrhage complicated with stress ulcer bleeding and corresponding indexes, including the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II score, vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and blood lipid factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 53 patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage complicated with stress ulcer bleeding were selected as the observation group and 50 patients with simple acute cerebral hemorrhage were selected as the control group. The APACHE II score and the levels of ET-1, TNF-α, and blood lipid factors, including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), and malondialdehyde (MDA), were detected and the correlations of were analyzed between the 2 groups of patients. RESULTS The blood lipid index TG, APACHE II score, ET-1, TNF-a, renal function indexes [blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Cr)], mortality rate, hemoglobin, and MDA in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group, while HDL-C in the observation group was obviously lower than in the control group (p<0.05). The APACHEII score had positive correlations with TG and TNF-α (r=0.8960, r=0.8563, respectively), while it was negatively correlated with TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, and ET-1 (r=-0.909, r=-0.9292, r=-0.8543, and r=-0.8899, respectively) (p<0.001 in all comparisons). APACHEII score, BUN, and Cr were all risk factors. CONCLUSIONS Stress ulcer in patients with acute cerebral hemorrhage is associated with blood lipid changes and inflammation, which provides clues for the diagnosis and treatment of acute cerebral hemorrhage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/MSM.911915DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319162PMC
December 2018

MiR-150 Inhibits Cell Growth In Vitro and In Vivo by Restraining the RAB11A/WNT/β-Catenin Pathway in Thyroid Cancer.

Med Sci Monit 2017 Oct 12;23:4885-4894. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Department of Endocrinology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Emerging evidence has shown that downregulation or upregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays an important role in the development and progression of thyroid cancer (TC). However, the potential role of miR-150 and its biological function in TC remains largely unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS Real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was employed to detect the expression level of miR-150 and RAB11A in human TC tissue and human normal thyroid tissue. MTT assay, colony formation assay, flow cytometry cell cycle, and apoptosis assay were used to investigate the role of miR-150 and RAB11A on the malignant phenotypes in vitro. Nude mouse xenograft assay and western blot assay was used to verify the function of miR-150 in vivo. Western blot assay and immunofluorescence assay were used to detect the activation of WNT/β-catenin pathway mediated by miR-150 and RAB11A. EGFP reporter assay, RT-qPCR assay, and western blot assay were used to validate the regulation relationship. RESULTS This study demonstrated that miR-150 expression in human TC tissues was markedly downregulated. Moreover, overexpression of miR-150 markedly inhibited cell proliferation via inducing the cell cycle arrest and promoting cell apoptosis by directly targeting RAB11A in vitro and suppressing tumor growth in vivo. However, overexpression of RAB11A promoted cell malignant phenotypes. In addition, miR-150 restrained the RAB11A mediated WNT/β-catenin activation in TC cells. CONCLUSIONS miR-150 may function as a suppressor gene in TC cells by inhibiting the RAB11A/WNT/β-catenin pathway.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5649516PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/msm.906997DOI Listing
October 2017

Identification of miRNA-mRNA Network Associated with Acute Myeloid Leukemia Survival.

Med Sci Monit 2017 Oct 1;23:4705-4714. Epub 2017 Oct 1.

Department of Hematology, Taian City Central Hospital, Taian, Shandong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a common hematologic malignancy of adults. The pathophysiological mechanism of AML is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the crucial miRNAs and mRNAs associated with AML survival. MATERIAL AND METHODS The full clinical dataset of miRNA and mRNA expression profiling of AML patients was downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Univariate Cox regression analysis was performed to obtain those miRNAs and mRNAs associated with AML survival. A miRNA-mRNA interaction network was constructed. The underlying functions of mRNAs were predicted through Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEEG) pathway enrichment. The expression levels of miRNAs and mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS Fourteen miRNAs and 830 mRNAs associated with AML survival were identified. Of the 14 miRNAs, hsa-mir-425, hsa-mir-1201, and hsa-mir-1978 were identified as risk factors and the other 11 miRNAs were identified as protective factors of AML survival. For target-genes of miRNAs, GTSF1, RTN4R, and CD44 were the top risk factor target-genes associated with AML survival. An interaction network was constructed that including 607 miRNA-target gene pairs associated with AML survival. Target-genes associated with AML survival were significantly enriched in several pathways including pancreatic secretion, calcium signaling pathway, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, and Alzheimer's disease. The qRT-PCR results were consistent with our bioinformatics analyses. CONCLUSIONS The miRNA hsa-mir-425 was identified as the top risk factor miRNA of AML survival and CD44 was identified as one of the top three risk factor target-genes associated with AML survival. Both hsa-mir-425 and CD44 may play key roles in progression and development of AML through calcium signaling pathway and natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5634225PMC
http://dx.doi.org/10.12659/msm.903989DOI Listing
October 2017
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