Publications by authors named "Dong-Jun Seo"

18 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Antibacterial activity of various chitosan forms against Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines.

Int J Biol Macromol 2020 Aug 29;156:1600-1605. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In this study, the antibacterial activities of colloidal chitosan, chitosan solution, and chitooligosaccharide solution were evaluated against Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. glycines grown in peptone sucrose broth (PSB) medium. Treatment with colloidal chitosan (0.01, 0.025, and 0.05%) inhibited X. axonopodis pv. glycines growth only until 36 h. Thin-layer chromatography analysis detected some metabolites, consistently with the cell growth pattern. Two chitooligosaccharides (1-3 kDa and 5-10 kDa) dissolved in distilled water and acetic acid did not exhibit antibacterial activity against X. axonopodis pv. glycines at all tested concentrations (0, 0.001, 0.005, 0.01, 0.015, 0.02, 0.025, and 0.05%). Compared to the control, the chitosan solution decreased X. axonopodis pv. glycines cell growth by 58.7% and 99.0% at concentrations of 0.015% and 0.02%, respectively, after 3 d of incubation. The chitosan solution exhibited the highest antibacterial activity at pH 6.5. However, the antibacterial activity of chitosan decreased in the presence of NaCl and MgCl.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.11.211DOI Listing
August 2020

Characterization and antifungal activity of chitosanase produced by Pedobacter sp. PR-M6.

Microb Pathog 2019 Apr 27;129:277-283. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

To investigate the temperature requirements of chitosanase activity, as well as the degradation patterns generated by enzyme-induced chitosan oligomer hydrolysis, Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 was inoculated onto 0.5% colloidal chitosan medium agar plates. Cell growth was higher at 30 °C than at 20 °C during the initial 2 days of incubation. The protein content rapidly increased on day 1 at both temperatures and then it slowly increased at 20 °C and slowly decreased at 30 °C during the following 5 days of incubation. In order to characterize the electrophoretic pattern, Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 was cultured in 1% powder chitosan medium at 20 °C and 30 °C for 5 days after incubation and analyzed by SDS-PAGE. Four bands were visible, corresponding to ct1 (25 kDa), ct2 (17 kDa), ct3 (15 kDa), and ct4 (14 kDa), at both 20 °C and 30 °C. The optimal conditions for the activity of chitosanase produced from Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 were 60 °C and 1.81 enzyme units/mg protein. Two major isozyme bands (ct3 and ct4) exhibited their strongest chitosanase activity at 50 °C in SDS-PAGE gel. The reaction products generated from (GlcN)-(GlcN) substrates at 60 °C after a 1 h incubation were investigated by thin-layer chromatography. Low-molecular weight chitosan and oligochitosan (LCOC) and soluble chitosan showed antifungal activity against A. brassicicola, B. cinerea, F. solani, and R. solani. LCOC exhibited higher antifungal activity than soluble chitosan. Moreover, LCOC treatments (500 ppm and 1000 ppm) inhibited conidia germination in A. brassicicola.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2019.02.026DOI Listing
April 2019

AA'-Stacked Trilayer Hexagonal Boron Nitride Membrane for Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells.

ACS Nano 2018 Nov 17;12(11):10764-10771. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Department of Chemistry, Department of Energy Engineering, Low-Dimensional Carbon Materials Center , Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) , Ulsan 44919 , Republic of Korea.

Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and graphene have emerged as promising materials for proton exchange membranes because of their high proton conductivity and chemical stability. However, the defects and grain boundaries generated during the growth and transfer of two-dimensional materials limit their practical applicability. Here, we report the fabrication of membrane electrode assemblies using large-area single-oriented AA'-stacked trilayer h-BN (3L-BN), which exhibits very few defects during the growth and transfer, as a proton exchange membrane for use in fuel cell systems. The fuel cell based on AA'-stacked 3L-BN showed a H permeation current density as low as 2.69 mA cm and an open circuit voltage (OCV) as high as 0.958 V; this performance is much superior to those for cells based on Nafion (3.7 mA cm and 0.942 V, respectively) and single-layer h-BN (10.08 mA cm and 0.894 V, respectively). Furthermore, the fuel cell with the AA'-stacked 3L-BN membrane almost maintained its original performance (OCV, maximum power density, and H permeation current density) even after 100 h of an accelerated stress test at 30% RH and 90 °C, while the fuel cells with the Nafion and single-layer BN membranes exhibited severely deteriorated performances. The stability of the cell based on the AA'-stacked 3L-BN membrane was better because the membrane prevented gas crossover and suppressed the generation of reactive radicals during cell operation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.8b06268DOI Listing
November 2018

Antifungal activity and patterns of N-acetyl-chitooligosaccharide degradation via chitinase produced from Serratia marcescens PRNK-1.

Microb Pathog 2017 Dec 23;113:218-224. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Serratia marcescens PRNK-1, which has strong chitinolytic activity, was isolated from cockroaches (Periplaneta americana L.). The chitinase from S. marcescens PRNK-1 was characterized after incubation in a 0.5% colloidal chitin medium at 30 °C for 3 days. The molecular weights of three bands after staining for chitinase activity were approximately 34, 41, and 48 kDa on an SDS-PAGE gel. S. marcescens PRNK-1 strain strongly inhibited hyphal growth of Rhizoctonia solani and Fusarium oxysporum. Thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatograph (HPLC) analyses were conducted to investigate the degradation patterns of N-acetyl-chitooligosaccharides by PRNK-1 chitinase. The N-acetyl-chitooligosaccharides: N-acetyl-chitin dimer (GlcNAc), N-acetyl-chitin trimer (GlcNAc), and N-acetyl-chitin tetramer (GlcNAc) were degraded to (GlcNAc) on a TLC plate. In an additional experiment, (GlcNAc) was degraded to (GlcNAc) on a TLC plate. The optimal temperature for chitinase activity of the PRNK-1 was 50 °C, producing 32.8 units/mL. As seen via TLC, the highest degradation of (GlcNAc) by PRNK-1 chitinase occurred with 50 °C incubation. The optimal pH for chitinase activity of PRNK-1 was pH 5.5, producing 24.6 units/mL. As seen via TLC, the highest degradation of (GlcNAc) by PRNK-1 chitinase occurred at pH 5.0-6.0. These results indicate that chitinase produced from S. marcescens PRNK-1 strain showed strong antifungal activity and potential of production of N-acetyl-chitooligosaccharides.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.10.039DOI Listing
December 2017

Expression and degradation patterns of chitinase purified from Xuehuali (Pyrus bretschneiderilia) pollen.

Int J Biol Macromol 2018 Feb 8;107(Pt A):446-452. Epub 2017 Sep 8.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

The present study investigated the expression pattern of chitinase in Xuehuali (Pyrus bretschneiderilia) pollen, as well as its subsequent degradation. The chitinase was purified and collected using chitin affinity column chromatography with regenerated chitin. After purification, four additional chitinase isozymes (chiA, chiB, chiC, and chiD) and chitinase (Chi II) were clearly expressed on SDS-PAGE gels that contained 0.01% glycol chitin. The chitinase reaction products were examined using GlcNAc, (GlcNAc), (GlcNAc), (GlcNAc), (GlcNAc), and (GlcNAc) as substrates at 2 and 24h after reaction via TLC and HPLC. The (GlcNAc) oligosaccharide was slightly degraded to (GlcNAc) after 24h of reaction with Xuehuali pollen chitinase on TLC. Meanwhile, (GlcNAc) was degraded to (GlcNAc), and 2300ppm (GlcNAc) was degraded to 246ppm (GlcNAc), 208ppm (GlcNAc), 572ppm (GlcNAc), and 336ppm (GlcNAc) on HPLC. With regard to temperature, the strongest Xuehuali pollen chitinase activity (0.69 unit/mL) was observed at 37°C after 3h of incubation, and with regard to pH, the strongest activity (0.72unit/mL) was observed at pH 3 after 3h of incubation. The main chitin oligomers degraded from (GlcNAc) were (GlcNAc) and (GlcNAc).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.09.010DOI Listing
February 2018

Enzyme activity and expression pattern of intra- and extracellular chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase of Wickerhamomyces anomalus EG2 using glycol chitin and glucan-containing high polymer complex.

Int J Biol Macromol 2017 Dec 12;105(Pt 1):410-415. Epub 2017 Jul 12.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, South Korea. Electronic address:

We investigated cell growth and activity of intra- and extracellular chitinase, β-1,3-glucanase, and chitin deacetylase with SDS-PAGE by incubating W. anomalus EG2 in PDB and YPD media for 24h in presence of different concentrations (0%, 0.1%, 0.3%, and 0.5%) of colloidal chitin. Maximum cell growth was observed in both PDB and YPD media without colloidal chitin. In the absence of colloidal chitin, maximum extracellular β-1,3-glucanase activity of 32.96 and 47.28 units/mL was reported at 18h in PDB medium and 6h in YPD medium, respectively. In addition, extracellular chitinase was unaffected by various concentrations of carboxymethyl chitin in both PDB and YPD media. In the absence of colloidal chitin, maximum intracellular chitinase activity was indicated to be 9.82 and 9.86 units/mg protein in PDB and YPD media, respectively. Maximum intracellular β-1,3-glucanase activity reported was 17.34 units/mg protein in PDB medium containing 0.5% colloidal chitin and 15.0 units/mg protein in YPD medium containing 0.3% colloidal chitin. Five major isozymes, GN1, GN2, GN3, GN4, and GN5, of intracellular β-1,3-glucanase were detected with glucan-containing high polymer complex as a substrate with or without colloidal chitin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2017.07.065DOI Listing
December 2017

Antifungal activity and expression patterns of extracellular chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase in Wickerhamomyces anomalus EG2 treated with chitin and glucan.

Microb Pathog 2017 Sep 28;110:159-164. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, South Korea. Electronic address:

In this study, the expression patterns of extracellular chitinase and β-1,3-glucanase from cultured Wickerhamomyces anomalus EG2 treated with chitin, glucan, and chemical chitinase inhibitors (kinetin, caffeine, and acetazolamide) were investigated using SDS-PAGE. Relationship between enzyme expression and antifungal activity from yeast plays a very important role for biocontrol of phytopathoges. To determine antifungal activity against phytopathogens, W. anomalus EG2 was shown to strongly inhibit hyphal growth of Fusarium oxysporum KACC 40032 and Rhizoctonia solani KACC 40111. Slight chitinase activity was observed 12 h after incubation in both PDB and YPD medium without colloidal chitin. The molecular weight of chitinase was approximately 124 kDa β-1,3-Glucanase isoenzyme (GN1 and GN2) was observed distinctly on SDS-PAGE gels when laminarin was used as a substrate. β-1,3-Glucanase isoenzyme was not observed when using glucan-containing high polymer complex (GHPC) as a substrate. Production of chitinase from W. anomalus EG2 was inhibited slightly by acetazolamide. Abnormal and cluster-shaped cells of W. anomalus EG2 were observed in both PDB and YPD medium treated with colloidal chitin. These results indicated that W. anomalus EG2 could be applied commercially as a biological control agent of phytopathogens and as a bioinhibitor of yeast cell growth.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.06.038DOI Listing
September 2017

Identification, purification, and expression patterns of chitinase from psychrotolerant Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 and antifungal activity in vitro.

Microb Pathog 2017 Jun 19;107:62-68. Epub 2017 Mar 19.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

In this study, a novel psychrotolerant chitinolytic bacterium Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 that displayed strong chitinolytic activity on 0.5% colloidal chitin was isolated from the soil of a decayed mushroom. Chitinase activity of PR-M6 at 25 °C (C25) after 6 days of incubation with colloidal chitin increased rapidly to a maximum level (31.3 U/mg proteins). Three chitinase isozymes (chiII, chiIII, and chiIV) from the crude enzyme at 25 °C (C25) incubation were expressed on SDS-PAGE gels at 25 °C. After purification by chitin-affinity chromatography, six chitinase isozymes (chiI, chiII, chiIII, chiIV, chiV, and chiVI) from C25-fractions were expressed on SDS-PAGE gels at 25 °C. Major bands of chitinase isozymes (chiI, chiII, and chiIII) from C4-fractions were strongly expressed on SDS-PAGE gels at 25 °C. Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 showed high inhibition rate of 60.9% and 57.5% against Rhizoctonia solani and Botrytis cinerea, respectively. These results indicated that psychrotolerant Pedobacter sp. PR-M6 could be applied widely as a microorganism agent for the biocontrol of agricultural phytopathogens at low temperatures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2017.03.018DOI Listing
June 2017

A General Approach to Preferential Formation of Active Fe-N Sites in Fe-N/C Electrocatalysts for Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction.

J Am Chem Soc 2016 11 1;138(45):15046-15056. Epub 2016 Nov 1.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER) , Jellabuk-do 56332, Republic of Korea.

Iron-nitrogen on carbon (Fe-N/C) catalysts have emerged as promising nonprecious metal catalysts (NPMCs) for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in energy conversion and storage devices. It has been widely suggested that an active site structure for Fe-N/C catalysts contains Fe-N coordination. However, the preparation of high-performance Fe-N/C catalysts mostly involves a high-temperature pyrolysis step, which generates not only catalytically active Fe-N sites, but also less active large iron-based particles. Herein, we report a general "silica-protective-layer-assisted" approach that can preferentially generate the catalytically active Fe-N sites in Fe-N/C catalysts while suppressing the formation of large Fe-based particles. The catalyst preparation consisted of an adsorption of iron porphyrin precursor on carbon nanotube (CNT), silica layer overcoating, high-temperature pyrolysis, and silica layer etching, which yielded CNTs coated with thin layer of porphyrinic carbon (CNT/PC) catalysts. Temperature-controlled in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy during the preparation of CNT/PC catalyst revealed the coordination of silica layer to stabilize the Fe-N sites. The CNT/PC catalyst contained higher density of active Fe-N sites compared to the CNT/PC prepared without silica coating. The CNT/PC showed very high ORR activity and excellent stability in alkaline media. Importantly, an alkaline anion exchange membrane fuel cell (AEMFC) with a CNT/PC-based cathode exhibited record high current and power densities among NPMC-based AEMFCs. In addition, a CNT/PC-based cathode exhibited a high volumetric current density of 320 A cm in acidic proton exchange membrane fuel cell. We further demonstrated the generality of this synthetic strategy to other carbon supports.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.6b09470DOI Listing
November 2016

Antifungal activity of chitinase obtained from Paenibacillus ehimensis MA2012 against conidial of Collectotrichum gloeosporioides in vitro.

Microb Pathog 2016 Jul 28;96:10-4. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Department of Agriculture Chemistry, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, 61186, South Korea. Electronic address:

To investigate the expression patterns of chitinase on SDS-PAGE gel, Paenibacillus ehimensis MA2012 was incubated in gelatin-chitin medium (GCM) at 30 °C for 7 days. Six major bands (Ch3, Ch4, Ch5, Ch6, Ch7, and Ch8) of chitinase isozymes in GC medium appeared on SDS-PAGE gel during the incubation period. Chitinase activity staining of P. ehimensis MA2012 was detected on 2-DE with different pI values (4-11). After DEAE-Sephadex chromatography, eight bands (Ch1 to Ch8) of chitinase isozymes were stained strongly with Calcofluor white M2R at fraction 45. After Sephadex G-75 gel filtration, six bands (Ch3 to Ch8) of chitinase isozymes were stained with Calcofluor white M2R at fractions of 11-12. The specific activity of the purified chitinase was 3.8 units mg(-1) protein with a purification factor of 0.27. Inhibition rate of the conidial germination of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was 87% in partial purified chitinase treatment compared with control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2016.04.016DOI Listing
July 2016

Enzymatic properties of chitinase-producing antagonistic bacterium Paenibacillus chitinolyticus with various substrates.

Microb Pathog 2015 Dec 10;89:195-200. Epub 2015 Nov 10.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, South Korea. Electronic address:

Various chitin substrates were used to investigate the properties of enzymes produced from the chitinase-producing bacterium Paenibacillus chitinolyticus MP-306 against phytopathogens. The MP-306 bacterium was incubated in nine culture media [crab shell powder chitin (CRS), chitin-protein complex powder (CPC), carboxymethyl-chitin powder (CMC), yeast extract only (YE), LB (Trypton, NaCl, and yeast extract), GT (Trypton, NaCl, and glucose), crab shell colloidal chitin (CSC), squid pen powder chitin (SPC), and cicada slough powder chitin (CSP)] at 30 °C for 3 days. Chitinase isozymes in CPC medium were expressed strongly as CN1, CN2, CN3, CN4, CN5, and CN6 bands on native-PAGE gels. Chitinase isozymes in CPC and CMC medium were expressed as 13 bands (CS1-CS13) on SDS-PAGE gels. Chitinase isozymes were expressed strongly on SDS-PAGE gels as two bands (CS6 and CS8) on YE and LB medium and 13 bands (CS1-CS13) on SPC medium. In crude enzyme, chitinase isozymes at pH 7 and pH 9 in chitin media appeared strongly on SDS-PAGE gels. Partial purified enzyme indicated high stability of enzyme activity at various temperatures and pHs in chitin medium, while these enzymes indicated low activity staining of enzyme on electrophoresis gels at various temperatures and pHs condition of chitin medium.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2015.10.025DOI Listing
December 2015

Expression patterns of chitinase and chitosanase produced from Bacillus cereus in suppression of phytopathogen.

Microb Pathog 2014 Aug 3;73:31-6. Epub 2014 Jun 3.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Bacillus cereus MP-310 was incubated on various culture media substrates as LB, colloidal chitin, chitosan powder, and chitosan beads to investigate the concurrent expression patterns of chitinase and chitosanase isozymes by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Chitinase activity increased rapidly with a maximum level after 6 days of incubation in CM-chitin medium. Major bands of chitinase isozymes were strongly expressed on SDS-PAGE in LB medium (four bands) and in colloidal chitin medium (five bands) after 6 days after incubation, and in chitosan powder medium (one band) and in chitosan beads medium (five bands) after 12 days after incubation. A major band of chitosanase isozymes was strongly expressed on SDS-PAGE in chitosan powder medium (one band) and in chitosan beads medium (one band) after 12 days of incubation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2014.05.007DOI Listing
August 2014

Chitosan-cinnamon beads enhance suppressive activity against Rhizoctonia solani and Meloidogyne incognita in vitro.

Microb Pathog 2014 Jan 11;66:44-7. Epub 2014 Jan 11.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

A novel chitosan-cinnamon bead carrier was prepared in this study. Chitosan was mixed with cinnamon powder (CP) and cinnamon extract (CE) to obtain chitosan-cinnamon powder (CCP) beads and chitosan-cinnamon extracted (CCE) beads, respectively. The potential antifungal and nematicidal activities of CCP and CCE were investigated against Rhizoctonia solani and Meloidogyne incognita in vitro. Relative antifungal activity of the CCP (5% CP) bead-treated R. solani was 30.9 and 23.9% after 1 and 2 day incubations, respectively. Relative antifungal activity of the CCE (0.5% CE) bead-treated R. solani was 4.3, 3.0 and 4.2% after 1, 2 and 3 days of incubation. Inhibition of hatch by CCP beads with CP of 5% was 78.8%. Inhibition of hatch by CCE beads with CE of 0.5% was 82.0%. J2 mortality following the CCP (5% CP) and CCE (0.5% CE) bead treatments was 85.0 and 95.8%, respectively against M. incognita after 48 h incubations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2013.12.007DOI Listing
January 2014

Nematicidal activity of 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid purified from Terminalia nigrovenulosa bark against Meloidogyne incognita.

Microb Pathog 2013 Jun-Jul;59-60:52-9. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.

In this study, the 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (3,4-DHBA) from Terminalia nigrovenulosa bark (TNB) was purified and its in vitro nematicidal activity was investigated against Meloidogyne incognita. The purification of 3,4-DHBA used a silica gel column and Sephadex LH-20 chromatography combined with thin-layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. Structural identification of the 3,4-DHBA was conducted using (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), (13)C NMR, and liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Nematicidal activity bioassays revealed that 3,4-DHBA treatment resulted in 33.3, 47.5, 72.5 and 94.2% J2 mortality at 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/ml, respectively after 12 h incubation. J2 mortality was increased significantly (P < 0.0001) with increasing incubation time in the range of 54.2-94.2% from 3 to 9 h after incubation with 3,4-DHBA (1.0 mg/ml), but with no significant difference observed where the incubation time was increased from 9 to 12 h. The 3,4-DHBA treatment resulted in 33.3, 65.0, 76.7 and 85.0% hatch inhibition at 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/ml, respectively, 3 days after incubation. Changes in the shape of the eggs were determined after incubation for 1 day with a 3,4-DHBA concentration of 1.0 mg/ml.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2013.04.005DOI Listing
November 2013

Detection of chitinase ChiA produced by Serratia marcescens PRC-5, using anti-PrGV-chitinase.

Carbohydr Polym 2013 Feb 19;92(2):2276-81. Epub 2012 Dec 19.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.

In this study, a bacterium Serratia marcescens PRC-5 that displayed strong chitinolytic activity on 0.5% colloidal chitin-containing agar medium was isolated from soil. The chitinase activity increased rapidly with a maximum level (6.14 U/mL) on 4 days of incubation with swollen chitin (pH 5.0). Three active bands of chitinase isozymes were observed (53, 44, and 34 kDa) on SDS-PAGE gel and there pI values ranged from pI 5.4 to 5.8 on 2D gels. The chitinase from the PRC-5 strain was also able to produce GlcNAc monomers on TLC plates. The chitinase of PRC-5 inhibited the mycelial growth of Rhizoctonia solani KACC40111, which indicates that it could be used as a biocontrol agent for phytophathogens. The chitinase isozyme N1, which had a molecular weight of 62 kDa, was transferred from a native and SDS-PAGE gel onto an immunoblot and was probed using an anti-PrGV-chitinase.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.12.018DOI Listing
February 2013

Antifungal activity of gallic acid purified from Terminalia nigrovenulosa bark against Fusarium solani.

Microb Pathog 2013 Mar 17;56:8-15. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, South Korea.

The antifungal activities of methanolic extracts from Terminalia nigrovenulosa bark (TNB) was investigated for effects on the initial growth of mycelia against Fusarium solani. The ethyl acetate fraction separated from TNB demonstrated the highest antifungal activity against F. solani. The antifungal compound was isolated from TNB using silica gel column and Sephadex LH-20 chromatography combined with thin-layer chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. Structural identification of the antifungal compound was conducted using (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The purified antifungal compound was gallic acid (GA) or 3,4,5-trihydroxy benzoic acid. Purified-GA possesses the high antifungal activity against F. solani, and that antifungal activity was dosage-dependent. The hyphae became collapsed and shrunken after 24 h incubation with GA (500 ppm). In pot experiments, the application of TNB crude extract was found to be effective in controlling the cucumber Fusarium root rot disease by enhancing activities of chitinase, peroxidase thereby promoting the growth of plants. The applied TNB extract significantly suppressed root rot disease compared to control. It resulted in 33, 75 and 81% disease suppression with 100, 500 and 1000 ppm of TNB crude extract, respectively. The study effectively demonstrated biological activities of the TNB extract, therefore suggesting the application of TNB for the control of soil-borne diseases of cucumber plants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.micpath.2013.01.001DOI Listing
March 2013

Expression patterns of chitinase produced from Paenibacillus chitinolyticus with different two culture media.

Carbohydr Polym 2012 Oct 17;90(2):1187-92. Epub 2012 Jun 17.

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmently Friendly Agriculture, College of Agricultural and Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.

To investigate the expression patterns of chitinase isozymes on native-PAGE and SDS-PAGE gels Paenibacillus chitinolyticus MP-306 was cultured on culture media with and without chitin substrate. P. chitinolyticus MP-306 had a strong chitinolytic activity on colloidal chitin medium. Chitinase isozymes of MP-306 were expressed as six bands (CN1-CN6) on native-PAGE gels and thirteen bands (CS1-CS13) on SDS-PAGE gels after incubation in chitin medium. Three bands (CN1, CN2, and CN3) of chitinase isozymes of MP-306 on native-PAGE gels were expressed as nine bands (CS1, CS2, CS3, CS4, CS5, CS6, CS8, CS10, and CS13) of chitinase isozymes on SDS-PAGE gels. Three bands (CN4, CN5, and CN6) of chitinase isozymes of MP-306 were strongly inhibited by metal ions on native-PAGE and SDS-PAGE gels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.06.016DOI Listing
October 2012

Induction of defense response against Rhizoctonia solani in cucumber plants by endophytic bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis GS1.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2012 Mar;22(3):407-15

Division of Applied Bioscience and Biotechnology, Institute of Environmentally-Friendly Agriculture (IEFA), Chonnam National University, Gwangju 500-757, Korea.

An endophytic bacterium, Bacillus thuringiensis GS1, was isolated from bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) and found to have maximal production of chitinase (4.3 units/ml) at 5 days after culture. This study investigated the ability of B. thuringiensis GS1 to induce resistance to Rhizoctonia solani KACC 40111 (RS) in cucumber plants. Chitinase activity was greatest in RS-treated plants at 4 days. beta-1,3- Glucanase activity was highest in GS1-treated plants at 5 days. Guaiacol peroxidase (GPOD) activity increased continuously in all treated plants for 5 days. Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity in RS-treated plants was increased 1.5-fold compared with the control at 4 days. Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activity in RS-treated plants was increased 1.5-fold compared with the control at 3 days. At 5 days after treatment, activity staining revealed three bands with chitinase activity (Ch1, Ch2, and Ch3) on SDSPAGE of cucumber plants treated with GS1+RS, whereas only one band was observed for RS-treated plants (Ch2). One GPOD isozyme (Gp1) was also observed in response to treatment with RS and GS1+RS at 4 days. One APX band (Ap2) was present on the native-PAGE gel of the control, and GS1- and GS1+RS-treated plants at 1 day. PPO bands (Po1 and Po2) from RS- and GS1+RS-treated plants were stronger than in the control and GS1-treated plants upon native-PAGE at 5 days. Taken together, these results indicate that the induction of PR proteins and defense-related enzymes by B. thuringiensis GS1 might have suppressed the damping-off caused by R. solani KACC 40111 in cucumber plants.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4014/jmb.1107.07027DOI Listing
March 2012
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