Publications by authors named "Dong-In Koo"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A chemically induced vaccine strategy for prostate cancer.

ACS Chem Biol 2011 Nov 21;6(11):1223-31. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, United States.

Here we report the design and evaluation of a bifunctional, small molecule switch that induces a targeted immune response against tumors in vivo. A high affinity ligand for prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) was conjugated to a hapten that binds dinitrophenyl (DNP)-specific antibodies. When introduced into hu-PBL-NOD/SCID mice previously immunized with a KLH-DNP immunogen, this conjugate induced a targeted antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) response to PSMA-expressing tumor cells in a mouse xenograft model. The ability to create a small molecule inducible antibody response against self-antigens using endogenous non-autoreactive antibodies may provide advantages over the autologous immune response generated by conventional vaccines in certain therapeutic settings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cb200222sDOI Listing
November 2011

Oxysterols direct immune cell migration via EBI2.

Nature 2011 Jul 27;475(7357):524-7. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Euroscreen S.A., 6041 Gosselies, Belgium.

Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 2 (EBI2, also known as GPR183) is a G-protein-coupled receptor that is required for humoral immune responses; polymorphisms in the receptor have been associated with inflammatory autoimmune diseases. The natural ligand for EBI2 has been unknown. Here we describe the identification of 7α,25-dihydroxycholesterol (also called 7α,25-OHC or 5-cholesten-3β,7α,25-triol) as a potent and selective agonist of EBI2. Functional activation of human EBI2 by 7α,25-OHC and closely related oxysterols was verified by monitoring second messenger readouts and saturable, high-affinity radioligand binding. Furthermore, we find that 7α,25-OHC and closely related oxysterols act as chemoattractants for immune cells expressing EBI2 by directing cell migration in vitro and in vivo. A critical enzyme required for the generation of 7α,25-OHC is cholesterol 25-hydroxylase (CH25H). Similar to EBI2 receptor knockout mice, mice deficient in CH25H fail to position activated B cells within the spleen to the outer follicle and mount a reduced plasma cell response after an immune challenge. This demonstrates that CH25H generates EBI2 biological activity in vivo and indicates that the EBI2-oxysterol signalling pathway has an important role in the adaptive immune response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature10280DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4297623PMC
July 2011

Small molecule antagonists in distinct binding modes inhibit drug-resistant mutant of smoothened.

Chem Biol 2011 Apr;18(4):432-7

Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Several small molecule antagonists for Smoothened (Smo) have been developed, and achieved promising preclinical efficacy in cancers that are dependent on Hedgehog (Hh) signaling. However, in a recent clinical study, a drug-resistant D473H SMO mutant was identified that is thought to be responsible for cancer relapse in a patient with medulloblastoma. Here, we report two Smo antagonists that bind to distinct sites, as compared to known antagonists and agonists, and inhibit both wild-type and mutant Smo. These findings provide an insight of the ligand-binding sites of Smo and a basis for the development of potential therapeutics for tumors with drug-resistant Smo mutations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.01.018DOI Listing
April 2011