Publications by authors named "Dong-Hyun Peck"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Mechanical and electrical properties of MCMB/Chopped carbon fiber composite with different bead size.

Sci Rep 2019 May 8;9(1):7065. Epub 2019 May 8.

Department of Advanced Energy and Technology, Korea University of Science and Technology, 102 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305350, Republic of Korea.

The carbonization and graphitization of carbon/carbon (C/C) composites prepared from mesocarbon microbeads (MCMB) and chopped carbon fiber (CCF) have been studied with a wide range of temperatures, CCF contents and MCMB sizes. Three different sizes of MCMB were prepared with coal tar pitch at three temperatures, 420, 430 and 440 °C, and identified as about 12.8, 16.0 and 20.1 µm, respectively. Each size of MCMB was mixed with CCFs at ratios of 2, 4, 6 and 8 wt. % and formed into block shape. After carbonization at 1200 °C, carbonized C/C blocks (CCBs) were graphitized at 2000, 2400 and 2800 °C. The CCB prepared with CCF content of 2 wt. % and an MCMB size of 16.0 µm exhibited the highest flexural strength of about 151 MPa. The graphitized C/C block (GCB) with CCF content of 2 wt. %, which was graphitized at 2000 °C showed the highest flexural strength of about 159 MPa.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43480-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6506510PMC
May 2019

Manufacture of high density carbon blocks by self-sintering coke produced via a two-stage heat treatment of coal tar.

Heliyon 2019 Mar 19;5(3):e01341. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Advanced Energy and System Engineering, University of Science and Technology (UST), 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34113 Republic of Korea.

High-strength and high-density carbonized carbon blocks from self-sintering coke were manufactured using coal tar and two-stage heat treatments (1 and 2 stage treatments). First, the molecular weight distribution of the refined coal tar was controlled through a pressured heat treatment (1 stage treatment). Second, the 1 stage heat-treated coal tar (1S-CT) was treated using a delayed coking system (2 stage treatment) to become the self-sintering coke. Finally, carbon blocks were molded from 2 stage heat-treated coke (2S-C) and carbonized at 1200 °C for 1 h. Through rapid decomposition of the high molecular weight components in the coal tar at 360 °C in the 1 stage treatment, the molecular weight distribution of coal tar was confirmed to be controllable by the 1 stage treatment. Swelling during carbonization was observed in carbon blocks manufactured from 2S-C containing more than 15 wt% of volatile matter from 150-450 °C. The optimum conditions of the two-stage heat treatments were confirmed to be 300 °C for 3 h and 500 °C for 1 h. The highest density and flexural strength of the carbonized carbon blocks manufactured from 2S-C were 1.46 g/cm and 69.2 MPa, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01341DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6430006PMC
March 2019

Improving the mechanical properties of a high density carbon block from mesocarbon microbeads according to oxidative stabilization.

Sci Rep 2018 Jul 23;8(1):11064. Epub 2018 Jul 23.

Advanced Energy and System Engineering, Korea University of Science and Technology, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305350, Republic of Korea.

In this study, a high density carbon block without binder was manufactured by mesocarbon microbeads (MCMB) from coal tar pitch. To develop the high density carbon block without a binder, MCMBs were oxidized at different levels of temperature. To verify the effect of oxygen content in the carbonized carbon block (CCB), an elementary analysis (EA) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were performed. The morphological and mechanical properties of the CCBs were investigated by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), a shore hardness test, and a flexural strength evaluation. The results revealed that the oxygen content increased with stabilization temperature and the physical properties of the CCBs were considerably improved via oxidative stabilization. Small cracks between MCMB particles were observed in the CCBs that were stabilized over 250 °C. From the results of this study, the CCB from MCMBs stabilized at 200 °C for 1 h showed optimum mechanical properties and high density.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-26971-8DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6056457PMC
July 2018

Methanol-Tolerant Platinum-Palladium Catalyst Supported on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanofiber for High Concentration Direct Methanol Fuel Cells.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2016 Aug 15;6(8). Epub 2016 Aug 15.

Fuel Cell Research Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research (KIER), Daejeon 305-343, Korea.

Pt-Pd catalyst supported on nitrogen-doped carbon nanofiber (N-CNF) was prepared and evaluated as a cathode electrode of the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). The N-CNF, which was directly synthesized by the catalytic chemical vapor deposition from acetonitrile at 640 °C, was verified as having a change of electrochemical surface properties such as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activities and the electrochemical double layer compared with common carbon black (CB). To attain the competitive oxygen reduction reaction activity with methanol tolerance, the Pt and Pd metals were supported on the CB or the N-CNF. The physical and electrochemical characteristics of the N-CNF-supported Pt-Pd catalyst were examined and compared with catalyst supported on the CB. In addition, DMFC single cells using these catalysts as the cathode electrode were applied to obtain I-V polarization curves and constant current operating performances with high-concentration methanol as the fuel. Pt-Pd catalysts had obvious ORR activity even in the presence of methanol. The higher power density was obtained at all the methanol concentrations when it applied to the membrane electrode assembly (MEA) of the DMFC. When the N-CNF is used as the catalyst support material, a better performance with high-concentration methanol is expected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano6080148DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5224627PMC
August 2016

Preparation and Characteristics of SiO Coated Carbon Nanotubes with High Surface Area.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2012 Jun 18;2(2):206-216. Epub 2012 Jun 18.

Fuel Cell Research Center, Korea Institute of Energy Research, Daejeon 305-343, Korea.

An easy method to synthesize SiO coated carbon nanotubes (SiO-CNT) through thermal decomposition of polycarbomethylsilane adsorbed on the surface of CNTs is reported. Physical properties of SiO-CNT samples depending on various Si contents and synthesis conditions are examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nitrogen isotherm, scanning electron microscope (SEM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Morphology of the SiO-CNT appears to be perfectly identical to that of the pristine CNT. It is confirmed that SiO is formed in a thin layer of approximately 1 nm thickness over the surface of CNTs. The specific surface area is significantly increased by the coating, because thin layer of SiO is highly porous. The surface properties such as porosity and thickness of SiO layers are found to be controlled by SiO contents and heat treatment conditions. The preparation method in this study is to provide useful nano-hybrid composite materials with multi-functional surface properties.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nano2020206DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5327897PMC
June 2012

Electrochemical catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction of nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2011 Jul;11(7):6350-8

Advanced Energy Technology, University of Science and Technology (UST), Daejeon 305-333, Republic of Korea.

The electrocatalytic activity of nitrogen-doped carbon nanofibers (N-CNFs), which are synthesized directly from vaporized acetonitrile over nickel-iron based catalysts, for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), was investigated. The nitrogen content and specific surface area of N-CNFs can be controlled through the synthesis temperature (300-680 degrees C). The graphitization degree of N-CNFs also are significantly affected by the temperature, whereas the chemical compositions of nitrogen species are similar irrespective of the synthesis conditions. From measurement of the electrochemical double layer capacitance, the surface of N-CNFs is found to have stronger interaction with ions than undoped-carbon surfaces. Although N-CNFs show higher over-potential than Pt catalysts do, N-CNFs were observed to have a noticeable ORR activity, as opposed to the carbon samples without nitrogen doping. The activity dependency of N-CNFs on the content of the nitrogen with which they were doped is discussed, based on the experiment results. The single cell of the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) was tested to investigate the performance of a membrane-electrode assembly that includes N-CNFs as the cathode catalyst layer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4443DOI Listing
July 2011

Study on the water flooding in the cathode of direct methanol fuel cells.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2011 Jul;11(7):5788-94

Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, 305-701, Republic of Korea.

Water flooding phenomena in the cathode of direct methanol fuel cells were analyzed by using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Two kinds of commercial gas diffusion layers with different PTFE contents of 5 wt% (GDL A5) and 20 wt% (GDL B20) were used to investigate the water flooding under various operating conditions. Water flooding was divided into two types: catalyst flooding and backing flooding. The cathode impedance spectra of each gas diffusion layer was obtained and compared under the same conditions. The diameter of the capacitive semicircle became larger with increasing current density for both, and this increase was greater for GDL B20 than GDL A5. Catalyst flooding is dominant and backing flooding is negligible when the air flow rate is high and current density is low. An equivalent model was suggested and fitted to the experimental data. Parameters for catalyst flooding and backing flooding were individually obtained. The capacitance of the catalyst layer decreases as the air flow rate decreases when the catalyst flooding is dominant.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4504DOI Listing
July 2011

Characteristics of porous carbon nano-fibers synthesized by selective catalytic gasification.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2011 Jul;11(7):5775-80

Advanced Energy Technology, University of Science and Technology (UST), 113 Gwahangno, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 305-333, Republic of Korea.

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) with uniquely oriented channels were prepared via selective catalytic gasification in air at 450 and 500 degrees C, using Pt or Ru nano particles as catalysts. Catalytic gasification was chosen because it can selectively generate channels in the vicinity of the catalyst particles at relatively low temperatures, where thermal oxidation does not intensively occur. The structures and surface properties of the CNFs were examined via X-ray diffraction, analysis of the nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms, and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The effects of the catalyst species and loading amount on the formation of pores (channels) were investigated. The gasification mechanism, especially the channeling direction, throught the selection of the gasification catalysts, is discussed based on the results. This process can be effectively utilized for preparation of porous carbons, which have a well-aligned graphitic structure, and also channel-type pores can be designed by selection of gasification catalysts and conditions. The present porous CNF can be applied for catalyst support in fuel cells, without further treatment (e.g., acid treatment for the removal of metallic components).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2011.4452DOI Listing
July 2011
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