Publications by authors named "Dmitriy Abramov"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

BCG-Related Inflammatory Syndromes in Severe Combined Immunodeficiency After TCRαβ+/CD19+ Depleted HSCT.

J Clin Immunol 2020 05 6;40(4):625-636. Epub 2020 May 6.

Department of Immunology, Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Center of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, 1, Samory Mashela str., Moscow, Russia, 117997.

Introduction: The live-attenuated BCG vaccine is known to cause disseminated Mycobacterium bovis infection in patients with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). However, BCG-related post-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) immune reconstitution inflammatory syndromes, similar to those described in patients with HIV infections, are less-known complications of SCID.

Patients And Methods: We reported on 22 BCG-vaccinated SCID patients who had received conditioned allogeneic HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion. All BCG-vaccinated patients received anti-mycobacterial therapy pre- and post-HSCT. Post-transplant immunosuppression consisted of tacrolimus in 10 patients and of 8 mg/kg tocilizumab (d-1, + 14, + 28) and 10 mg/kg abatacept (d-1, + 5, + 14, + 28) in 11 patients.

Results: Twelve patients, five of whom had BCG infection prior to HSCT, developed BCG-related inflammatory syndromes (BCG-IS). Five developed early BCG-IS with the median time of manifestation 11 days after HSCT, corresponding with a dramatic increase of CD3+TCRγδ+ in at least two patients. Early BCG-IS was noted in only one out of 11 patients who received tocilizumab/abatacept and 4 out of 11 patients who did not. Seven patients developed late BCG-IS which corresponded to T cell immune recovery; at the time of manifestation (median 4.2 months after HSCT), the median number of CD3+ cells was 0.42 × 10/ and CD3+CD4+ cells 0.27 × 10/l. In all patients, late BCG-IS was controlled with IL-1 or IL-6 inhibitors.

Conclusion: BCG-vaccinated SCID patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT with TCRαβ+/CD19+ graft depletion are at an increased risk of early and late BCG-IS. Anti-inflammatory therapy with IL-1 and IL-6 blockade is efficient in the prevention of early and treatment of late BCG-IS.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
May 2020

No evidence of cell cycle dysregulation in mantle cell lymphoma in vivo.

Leuk Lymphoma 2015 Jul 14;56(7):2134-40. Epub 2014 Nov 14.

Department of Pathology, Hematopathology Section and Lymph Node Registry, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein , Campus Kiel, Kiel , Germany.

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is characterized by the translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32) leading to an overexpression of cyclin D1, a mediator of G1-S phase transition. Thus MCL is regarded as a paradigm of lymphoma with a dysregulated cell cycle. The proliferation rate of MCL is in fact a strong predictor of outcome. We analyzed proteins that are expressed at defined cell cycle phases, such as Ki67, survivin and phosphorylated histone H3 as well as cyclin D1, p53 and p27, on the cellular level by immunofluorescence double stainings in MCL biopsy specimens. Unexpectedly, we did not detect a shortening of early phases in MCL in vivo. Despite the control of the immunoglobulin enhancer, cyclin D1 was expressed in a cell cycle-dependent manner. However, the proliferating Ki67-positive tumor cells expressed low amounts of cyclin D1. Therefore, the expression of cyclin D1 appears not to be the driving factor behind the total proliferation rate of MCL.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
July 2015

Massive transcriptional perturbation in subgroups of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

PLoS One 2013 4;8(11):e76287. Epub 2013 Nov 4.

Institute of Medical Informatics, Statistics and Epidemiology (IMISE), University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.

Based on the assumption that molecular mechanisms involved in cancerogenesis are characterized by groups of coordinately expressed genes, we developed and validated a novel method for analyzing transcriptional data called Correlated Gene Set Analysis (CGSA). Using 50 extracted gene sets we identified three different profiles of tumors in a cohort of 364 Diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) and related mature aggressive B-cell lymphomas other than Burkitt lymphoma. The first profile had high level of expression of genes related to proliferation whereas the second profile exhibited a stromal and immune response phenotype. These two profiles were characterized by a large scale gene activation affecting genes which were recently shown to be epigenetically regulated, and which were enriched in oxidative phosphorylation, energy metabolism and nucleoside biosynthesis. The third and novel profile showed only low global gene activation similar to that found in normal B cells but not cell lines. Our study indicates novel levels of complexity of DLBCL with low or high large scale gene activation related to metabolism and biosynthesis and, within the group of highly activated DLBCLs, differential behavior leading to either a proliferative or a stromal and immune response phenotype.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

August 2014

Expression of CD8 is associated with non-common type morphology and outcome in pediatric anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

Haematologica 2013 Oct 28;98(10):1547-53. Epub 2013 May 28.

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma is characterized by morphological variability. Morphological variants (non-common subtype) are associated with a poor outcome. They display abundant reactive bystander cells admixed with the lymphoma cells. So far, the difficulty in distinguishing lymphoma cells from bystander cells by visual inspection has prevented detailed and reliable immunophenotypic analysis using conventional immunohistochemistry. To overcome these limitations, we analyzed 124 cases of pediatric anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma treated within clinical trials using immunofluorescence multi-staining and digital image analysis combining antibodies against anaplastic lymphoma kinase to specifically identify lymphoma cells with antibodies against CD30, CD3, CD5, CD8, Ki67 and phosphorylated STAT3. Non-common type anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphomas express CD8 more frequently than common type anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive anaplastic large cell lymphomas (35.4% and 5.6%, respectively; P=0.0002). CD8 expression was associated with a poorer outcome. Importantly, in a multivariate analysis including clinical risk factors, histological subtype and CD8 expression, CD8-positivity proved to be an independent prognostic predictor of worse outcome (hazard ratio for survival 3.38, P=0.042).
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2013