Publications by authors named "Dinh Thoang Dang"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Prevalence and correlates of hyperglycemia in a rural population, Vietnam: implications from a cross-sectional study.

BMC Public Health 2012 Nov 1;12:939. Epub 2012 Nov 1.

Department of Immunology and Molecular Biology, National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology, 1 Yersin, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: Despite the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes in urban areas, relatively little has been known about its actual prevalence and its associations in rural areas, Vietnam. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of impaired fasting glucose (IFG), impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), diabetes and their risk factors in a rural province, Vietnam.

Methods: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample was designed to estimate the hyperglycemia prevalence, using 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. Potential risk factors for hyperglycemia were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression, taken into account influences of socio-economic status, anthropometric measures, and lifestyle-related factors.

Results: The age and sex-adjusted prevalence rates (95% CI) of isolated IFG, isolated IGT, combined IFG-IGT, and diabetes were 8.7 (7.0-10.5), 4.3 (3.2-5.4), 1.6 (0.9-2.3), and 3.7% (2.7-4.7%), respectively. There were still 73% of diabetic subjects without knowing the condition. Blood pressure, family history of diabetes, obesity-related measures (waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, body fat percentage, and abdominal obesity) were the independent risk factors for hyperglycemia (IFG, IGT, and diabetes).

Conclusions: The prevalence of hyperglycemia in rural areas has not been as sharply increased as that reported in urban cities, Vietnam. Blood pressure and obesity-related measures were the most significant predictors for hyperglycemia level and they can be taken into account in building prognosis models to early detection of diabetes in rural Vietnamese populations.
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November 2012

Social contact patterns in Vietnam and implications for the control of infectious diseases.

PLoS One 2011 Feb 14;6(2):e16965. Epub 2011 Feb 14.

Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: The spread of infectious diseases from person to person is determined by the frequency and nature of contacts between infected and susceptible members of the population. Although there is a long history of using mathematical models to understand these transmission dynamics, there are still remarkably little empirical data on contact behaviors with which to parameterize these models. Even starker is the almost complete absence of data from developing countries. We sought to address this knowledge gap by conducting a household based social contact diary in rural Vietnam.

Methods And Findings: A diary based survey of social contact patterns was conducted in a household-structured community cohort in North Vietnam in 2007. We used generalized estimating equations to model the number of contacts while taking into account the household sampling design, and used weighting to balance the household size and age distribution towards the Vietnamese population. We recorded 6675 contacts from 865 participants in 264 different households and found that mixing patterns were assortative by age but were more homogenous than observed in a recent European study. We also observed that physical contacts were more concentrated in the home setting in Vietnam than in Europe but the overall level of physical contact was lower. A model of individual versus household vaccination strategies revealed no difference between strategies in the impact on R(0).

Conclusions And Significance: This work is the first to estimate contact patterns relevant to the spread of infections transmitted from person to person by non-sexual routes in a developing country setting. The results show interesting similarities and differences from European data and demonstrate the importance of context specific data.
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February 2011