Publications by authors named "Dinesh P Sahu"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Anti-Rabies Vaccine Compliance and Knowledge of Community Health Worker Regarding Animal Bite Management in Rural Area of Eastern India.

Cureus 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14229. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, IND.

Background Rabies is a public health problem in developing countries like India accounting for the second-highest number of rabies-related deaths worldwide. Anti-rabies vaccine (ARV) is the only proven and effective way of preventing death in this 100% fatal disease. However, compliance is a real concern. This study aims to assess the compliance of ARV and rabies immunoglobulin (RIG) among the ARV-clinic beneficiaries and also the knowledge of the health workers regarding animal bite management. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in an ARV clinic of a community health centre in a rural Odisha (Eastern India) between February and April 2019. All the beneficiaries attending the ARV clinic were followed up for 28 days to assess their ARV and RIG compliance. Data were collected using a pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS v.22 (IBM Corp, Armonk, NY, USA). Proportion was calculated for categorical variables and mean for continuous variables. Chi-square test was applied to test for significance of categorical variables. Results A total of 468 beneficiaries were followed up. More than half (59.8%) of the animal bite victims had a category-II bite, followed by 33.4% having category-III, and 6.8% having a category-I bite. Around three-fourth were exposed to dog bite. Only 52.3% of the patients were compliant with ARV, and 49.4% were compliant with RIG. Knowledge of the health workers regarding wound management was found to be sub-optimal. Conclusion Poor ARV compliance was seen among the beneficiaries. Awareness activities need to be strengthened further to improve health-seeking behaviour. The significant gap in knowledge of the health workers indicates the need for professional training at regular intervals.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.14229DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8087540PMC
March 2021

Adherence of Doctors to Standard Diarrhoeal Management Guideline During Treatment of Under-Five Diarrhoeal Episodes: A Study From Eastern India.

Cureus 2021 Feb 18;13(2):e13433. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Bhubaneswar, IND.

Introduction Diarrhoea is one of the major preventable causes of childhood death in tribal areas of India. Most acute diarrhoea in childhood can be managed with oral rehydration salt (ORS) and zinc. This study aimed to assess the adherence of doctors to standard diarrheal management guidelines while treating under-five diarrhoeal episodes. Methods The cross-sectional study was conducted in 10 blocks of Kandhamal district in southern Odisha, India. The under-five childhood diarrhoea prescriptions from July to August 2018 were audited during September 2018. One health facility from each block and 15 prescriptions from each health facility were selected randomly. Data were collected and entered in Epicollect5 and analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences Version 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY). Categorical variables were presented as proportions. Results A total of 150 under-five acute diarrhoea prescriptions were audited from 10 health facilities. One hundred ten prescriptions were from the out-patient department and 40 prescriptions were from the admitted diarrhoeal patients. The majority of them included ORS (77.3%) and zinc (75.3%) in the prescription, however, only half of the prescriptions (52.7%) had recommended dose and duration of zinc. All admitted patients received intravenous fluids. Most prescriptions (89.3%) did not document the hydration status of the patient. All prescriptions were silent about the severe acute malnutrition status of the children before administering fluid therapy. Antibiotics were prescribed in 80% of the prescriptions. Prebiotics, probiotics and anti-spasmodic were prescribed in 37.3% of the prescriptions. Conclusion Adherence of doctors to acute diarrheal management guidelines for the management of under-five diarrhoea was poor in our study. Further researches and training are required to improve childhood diarrhoea management in health facilities of tribal areas of India.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.13433DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7981585PMC
February 2021