Publications by authors named "Dina Karamad"

3 Publications

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Effect of a Probiotic Supplement Containing Lactobacillus Acidophilus and Bifidobacterium Animalis Lactis on Urine Oxalate in Calcium Stone Formers with Hyperoxaluria: A Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind and In-vitro Trial.

Urol J 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Assistant Professor, Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, I.R. Iran.

Purpose: To determine the effect of a probiotic supplement containing native Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) and Bifidobacterium animalis lactis (B. lactis) on 24-hour urine oxalate in recurrent calcium stone formers with hyperoxaluria. Moreover, the in-vitro oxalate degradation capacity and the intestinal colonization of consumed probiotics were evaluated.

Materials And Methods: The oxalate degrading activity of L. acidophilus and B. lactis were evaluated in-vitro. The presence of oxalyl-CoA decarboxylase (oxc) gene in the probiotic species was assessed. One hundred patients were randomized to receive the probiotic supplement or placebo for four weeks. The 24-hour urine oxalate and the colonization of consumed probiotics were assessed after weeks four and eight.

Results: Although the oxc gene was present in both species, only L. acidophilus had a good oxalate degrading activity, in-vitro. Thirty-four patients from the probiotic and thirty patients from the placebo group finished the study. The urine oxalate changes were not significantly different between groups (57.21 ± 11.71 to 49.44 ± 18.14 mg/day for probiotic, and 56.43 ± 9.89 to 50.47 ± 18.04 mg/day for placebo) (P = .776). The probiotic consumption had no significant effect on urine oxalate, both in univariable (P = .771) and multivariable analyses (P = .490). The consumed probiotics were not detected in the stool samples of most participants.

Conclusion: Our results showed that the consumption of a probiotic supplement containing L. acidophilus and B. lactis did not affect urine oxalate. The results may be due to a lack of bacterial colonization in the intestine.
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June 2021

Evaluation of DSM 4420 biodegradation activity for high oxalate media content: An in vitro model.

Biocatal Agric Biotechnol 2019 Nov 10;22. Epub 2019 Oct 10.

Departments of Urology and Immunology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.

Oxalate is a common component of many foods typically present as a salt of oxalic acid, which will be excreted in the urine. Hyperoxaluria is known to be a considerable risk factor for urolithiasis, and formation of oxalate kidney stone. Oxalate degradation by the probiotic anaerobic bacterium DSM 4420 has high yield and efficiency both in the human colon helping to prevent hyperoxaluria and disorders such as the development of kidney stones and as a novel approach in reducing the high concentration of foodstuff oxalate content such as tea, coffee, and nuts. For determining the effective factors to enhance high concentration oxalate biodegradation activity of DSM 4420 Plackett-Burman screening design was applied to evaluate the impact of 10 process variables. After determining the main factors by screening design, a response surface methodology was used to find suitable treatment combination for oxalate biodegradation by this probiotic. A second-order quadratic model estimated that the highest biodegradation of 60.2% was achieved in presence of 1.35 (g/L) inulin, 36.56 (g/L) glucose, 26 (mmol/L) ammonium oxalate, and pH 6. In other word, the optimum point showed that in the above condition the high concentration of ammonium oxalate content of 26 mmoL/L will reach to 9.95 mmoL/L. Reconfirmation experiment showed the validity of predicted optimum conditions. A surface model using the RSM and optimizing this model using the GA technique, resulted in a useful method of finding an optimal set of process parameters.
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November 2019

Analytical procedures and methods validation for oxalate content estimation.

Biointerface Res Appl Chem 2019 Oct 18;9(5):4305-4310. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

Urology and Nephrology Research Center, Shahid Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Increased urinary oxalate is considered a major risk factor in the formation of calcium oxalate kidney stones. Gut microbiota may reduce the risk of stone formation. Anyway, the first step for any research about monitoring of oxalate content (both in vitro and in vivo) is a determination of its concentration, while there are different methods reported in the literature for oxalate content determination. In this research, the main reported methods including titration with two titrators (potassium permanganate, and NaOH) as well as enzymatic method (oxalate assay kit) are presented and compared for the measurement of oxalate in both inoculated and non-inoculated media.
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October 2019