Publications by authors named "Dina A El-Tantawy"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

In vivo effect of single oral dose of artemether against early juvenile stages of Schistosoma mansoni Egyptian strain.

Exp Parasitol 2013 Oct 19;135(2):240-5. Epub 2013 Jul 19.

Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt. Electronic address:

The current treatment and control of schistosomiasis, rely on a single drug, praziquantel, although, it has minor activity against juvenile stages of the parasite. Studies have shown that artemether (ART) exhibits effects against juveniles of Schistosoma mansoni Liberian and Puerto Rican strains, Schistosoma japonicum and Schistosoma haematobium. Aiming to assess the in vivo activity of single oral dose of ART against early juvenile stages of S. mansoni Egyptian strain, this study was established. Mice were treated with ART (400 mg/kg) at two time points evenly spaced over the period of larval development (7 and 21 days post-infection; pi), and a third treatment point (day 49 pi) was included to elucidate when susceptibility decreases. Administration of ART on day 7 pi reduced the total worm burden by 85.94%. The greatest reductions were seen when treatment was given on day 21 pi, with total and female worm burden reductions of 91.52% and 90.57%, respectively, and cessation of oviposition. Similar dose given on day 49 pi reduced total worm burden by 55.17% and female worm burden by 66.51%. Moreover, it induced significant reduction in the tissue egg load and significant alterations in the oogram pattern with decreased immature eggs and increased dead eggs. Antipathological activities were evident in significant reductions in granulomata count and diameter. In conclusion, ART exhibits major in vivo schistosomicidal effects against the early larval migratory stages of S. mansoni Egyptian strain, mainly the 21-day old schistosomula, hence preventing disease progression and morbidity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.exppara.2013.07.006DOI Listing
October 2013

First insight into the effect of single oral dose therapy with artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination in a mouse model of Schistosoma mansoni infection.

Int J Parasitol 2013 Jun 13;43(7):521-30. Epub 2013 Mar 13.

Department of Medical Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516, Egypt.

Praziquantel is the current drug of choice against schistosomiasis. The dependency on praziquantel exclusively is problematic, given the spread of the disease and the threat of drug resistance. This study investigates an alternative antischistosomal drug using the compound naphthoquine phosphate tablet, which is a novel single oral dose antimalarial drug, containing a combination of naphthoquine phosphate and artemisinin. In the present study, the therapeutic efficacies of different artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination-dosing protocols were evaluated in experimentally infected mice harbouring juvenile or adult stages of Schistosoma mansoni (Egyptian strain). The study shows that the oral administration of artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination in a single dose of 400 mg/kg on day 7 p.i. resulted in a significant worm burden reduction of 95.07%. When used at a dose of 600 mg/kg on day 21 p.i., all female worms were killed before depositing eggs, resulting in complete absence of eggs in hepatic and intestinal tissues. The same dose given on day 42 p.i. reduced total and female worm burdens by 93.36% and 94.17%, respectively. In addition, artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination induced significant reductions of 80.18% and 76.73% in the hepatic and intestinal tissue egg loads, respectively. Artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination also induced significant alterations in the oogram pattern with elevated levels of dead eggs. Antipathological activities were evident in the amelioration of hepatic granulomata. Our findings hold promise for the development of a novel antischistosomal drug using an artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination. Further in vitro and in vivo studies should be launched to elucidate the possible mechanism/s of action and to study the effect of artemisinin-naphthoquine phosphate combination on other human schistosomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2013.01.007DOI Listing
June 2013

Frequency of central nervous system tumors in delta region, Egypt.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2011 Apr-Jun;54(2):299-306

Department of Pathology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Unlabelled: INTRODUCTION AND AIM OF WORK: Central nervous system (CNS) tumors represent a major public health problem, and their epidemiological data in Egypt have been rather incomplete except for some regional reports. There are no available frequency-based data on CNS tumors in our locality. The objective of this study was to estimate the frequency of CNS tumors in east delta region, Egypt.

Materials And Methods: The data were collected during the 8-year period from January 1999 to December 2007 from Pathology Department, Mansoura University, and other referred pathology labs. Examination of HandE stained sections from retrieved paraffin blocks were done in all cases for histopathologic categorization of C.N.S. tumors. Immunohistochemical studies were applied to confirm final histopathologic diagnosis in problematic cases.

Results: Intracranial tumors represented 86.7% of cases in comparison to only 13.3% for spinal tumors. Gliomas were the CNS tumors of the highest frequency (35.2%), followed by meningioma (25.6%), pituitary adenoma (11.6%) and nerve sheath tumors (6.6%). 10.25% of tumors were of children <15 years.

Conclusion: This study provides the largest series of the relative frequency of CNS tumors in Delta region in Egypt till now and may help to give insight into the epidemiology of CNS tumors in our locality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0377-4929.81607DOI Listing
August 2011