Publications by authors named "Dimos Mastrogiannis"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Data on advanced glycation end-products concentrations and haemodynamic parameters following caffeine and nicotine consumption in nursing students.

Data Brief 2020 Oct 23;32:106063. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Midwifery Department, University of West Attica, Athens, Greece.

This work presents data from a non-invasive interventional trial investigating the early effects of caffeine and nicotine on both the concentrations of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and haemodynamic parameters in 178 healthy nursing students aged between 18 and 40. These students were allocated into four groups (A, B, C and D) and the concentrations of AGEs as well as haemodynamic parameters were measured non-invasively using the AgeReader and the Finometer devices, respectively. The haemodynamic parameters that were measured included systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate, inter-beat interval, stroke volume, cardiac output, ventricular ejection time, total peripheral resistance, ascending aorta impedance and total arterial compliance. According to our protocol, each beverage contained 100 mg of caffeine each cigarette contained 1.5 mg of nicotine. The present data reveal the combined effect of smoke and caffeine consumption to several hemodynamic parameters that may be related to the onset of elevated blood pressure during smoking and following caffeine consumption.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2020.106063DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7412759PMC
October 2020

Psychometric Properties of the Family Stigma in Alzheimer's Disease Scale in Greek Professional Caregivers.

J Nurs Meas 2020 08 23;28(2):259-282. Epub 2020 May 23.

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece.

Background And Purposes: The present study was undertaken in order to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Family Stigma in Alzheimer's Disease Scale (FS-ADS) in the Greek population.

Methods: The Greek version of the FS-ADS as well as the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was administered to 171 healthcare professional caring for people with dementia. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to examine the factor structure of the FS-ADS. Test-retest reliability was measured by administration of the FS-ADS in 20 individuals.

Results: Principal component analysis revealed 5, 8 and 3 factors (subscales) for each dimension of the original questionnaire, respectively, similar to other previously reported results in the literature. The overall Cronbach's α was .899, yielding a high internal consistency. Test-retest reliability was very high ( = 0.903, < .001). Statistically significant relationships were found between most of the FS-ADS dimensions and Maslach subscales.

Conclusion: The findings favor the use of FS-ADS in nurses and professional caregivers in general, for measuring stigma in dementia in Greece.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/JNM-D-18-00113DOI Listing
August 2020

Correlation of Clinical and Radiological Outcome After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion With a Polyetheretherketone Cage.

J Clin Med Res 2018 Mar 26;10(3):268-276. Epub 2018 Jan 26.

Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece.

Background: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage is considered as the gold standard for patients with cervical disc disease. However, there are limited data on the impact of ACDF on the cervical kinematics and its association with patient-reported clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of altered cervical sagittal alignment (cervical lordosis) and sagittal range of motion (ROM) on patients' self-reported pain and functional disability, after ACDF with a PEEK cage.

Methods: We prospectively studied 74 patients, who underwent single-, or consecutive two-level ACDF with a PEEK interbody cage. The clinical outcomes were assessed by using the pain numeric rating scale (NRS) and the neck disability index (NDI). Radiological outcomes included cervical lordosis and C2-C7 sagittal ROM. The outcome measures were collected preoperatively, at the day of patients' hospital discharge, and also at 6 and 12 months postoperatively.

Results: There was a statistically significant reduction of the NRS and NDI scores postoperatively at each time point (P < 0.005). Cervical lordosis and also ROM significantly reduced until the last follow-up (P < 0.005). There was significant positive correlation between NRS and NDI preoperatively, as well as at 6 and 12 months postoperatively (P < 0.005). In regard to the ROM and the NDI scores, there was no correlation preoperatively (P = 0.199) or postoperatively (6 months, P = 0.322; 12 months, P = 0.476). Additionally, there was no preoperative (P = 0.134) or postoperative (6 months, P = 0.772; 12 months, P = 0.335) correlation between the NDI scores and cervical lordosis.

Conclusions: In our study, reduction of cervical lordosis and sagittal ROM did not appear to significantly influence on patients' self-reported disability. Such findings further highlight the greater role of pain level over the mechanical limitations of ACDF with a PEEK cage on patients' own perceived recovery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3326wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5798276PMC
March 2018

Depression in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Cardiol Res Pract 2012 5;2012:794762. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

TEI of Lamia, Lamia, Greece.

It has been widely suggested that depression negatively affects patients with cardiovascular disease. There are several pathophysiological mechanisms as well as behavioral processes linking depression and cardiac events. Improvements in nursing and medical care have prolonged survival of this patient population; however, this beneficial outcome has led to increased prevalence of depression. Since mortality rates in chronic heart failure patients remain extremely high, it might be as equally important to screen for depression and there are several valid and reliable screening tools that healthcare personnel could easily employ to identify patients at greater risk. Consultation should be provided by a multidisciplinary team, consisting of cardiologists, psychiatrists, and hospital or community nurses so as to carefully plan, execute, and evaluate medical intervention and implement lifestyle changes. We aim to systematically review the existing knowledge regarding current definitions, prognostic implications, pathophysiological mechanisms, and current and future treatment options in patients with depression and cardiovascular disease, specifically those with heart failure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/794762DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3398584PMC
August 2012

Cognitive impairment in heart failure.

Cardiol Res Pract 2012 6;2012:595821. Epub 2012 Jun 6.

Department of Neurology, University of Thessaly, University Hospital of Larissa, P.O. Box 1400, Larissa, Greece.

Cognitive impairment (CI) is increasingly recognized as a common adverse consequence of heart failure (HF). Although the exact mechanisms remain unclear, microembolism, chronic or intermittent cerebral hypoperfusion, and/or impaired cerebral vessel reactivity that lead to cerebral hypoxia and ischemic brain damage seem to underlie the development of CI in HF. Cognitive decline in HF is characterized by deficits in one or more cognition domains, including attention, memory, executive function, and psychomotor speed. These deficits may affect patients' decision-making capacity and interfere with their ability to comply with treatment requirements, recognize and self-manage disease worsening symptoms. CI may have fluctuations in severity over time, improve with effective HF treatment or progress to dementia. CI is independently associated with disability, mortality, and decreased quality of life of HF patients. It is essential therefore for health professionals in their routine evaluations of HF patients to become familiar with assessment of cognitive performance using standardized screening instruments. Future studies should focus on elucidating the mechanisms that underlie CI in HF and establishing preventive strategies and treatment approaches.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/595821DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3375144PMC
September 2012

Telemonitoring in chronic heart failure: a systematic review.

Cardiol Res Pract 2012 7;2012:410820. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

Department of Cardiology, Larissa University Hospital, P.O. Box 1425, 41110 Larissa, Greece.

Heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic with the annual number of hospitalizations constantly increasing over the last decades for HF as a primary or secondary diagnosis. Despite the emergence of novel therapeutic approached that can prolong life and shorten hospital stay, HF patients will be needing rehospitalization and will often have a poor prognosis. Telemonitoring is a novel diagnostic modality that has been suggested to be beneficial for HF patients. Telemonitoring is viewed as a means of recording physiological data, such as body weight, heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and electrocardiogram recordings, by portable devices and transmitting these data remotely (via a telephone line, a mobile phone or a computer) to a server where they can be stored, reviewed and analyzed by the research team. In this systematic review of all randomized clinical trials evaluating telemonitoring in chronic HF, we aim to assess whether telemonitoring provides any substantial benefit in this patient population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/410820DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3375160PMC
September 2012