Publications by authors named "Dietlinde Janson"

8 Publications

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Risk factors for outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with advanced phase CML.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

University Medical Center Hamburg Eppendorf, Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, Hamburg, Germany.

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the only curative option for patients with advanced chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, outcome is dismal and of short follow-up. The objective of the study was to determine long-term outcome and risk factors in patients with a history of CML Blast Crisis (BC; n = 96) or accelerated phase (n = 51) transplanted between 1990 and 2018. At transplant, patients had a median age of 39 (range 7-76) years and were in ≥CP2 (n = 70), in AP (n = 40) or in BC (n = 37) with a diagnosis-HSCT interval of median 1.9 (range 0.3-24.4) years. Overall survival (OS) amounted 34% (95% CI 22-46) and progression-free survival (PFS) 26% (95% CI 16-36) at 15 years. Adverse risk factors for OS and PFS were low CD34 count in the graft, donor age (>36 years) and BC. Cumulative incidence of Non-Relapse Mortality (NRM) was 28% (95% CI 18-38) and of relapse (RI) 43% (95% CI 33-53) at 15 years. PB-HSCT and HSCT after 2008 were favorable prognostic factors for NRM, while family donor and patient age >39 years were independently associated with higher RI. HSCT resulted in long-term OS in patients with advanced CML. OS was improved in non-BC patients, with donors ≤36 years and with higher CD34 dose in the graft.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01410-xDOI Listing
July 2021

Enhanced Immune Reconstitution of γδ T Cells after Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation Overcomes the Negative Impact of Pretransplantation Minimal Residual Disease-Positive Status in Patients with Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address:

Minimal/measurable residual disease (MRD) before allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a poor risk factor for outcome. γδ T cells represent a unique minority lymphocyte population that is preferentially located in peripheral tissues, can recognize antigens in a non-MHC-restricted manner, and plays a "bridging" role between the innate and adaptive immune systems. In this study, we investigated a potential graft-versus-leukemia effect of γδ T cell reconstitution post-transplantation in AML patients with pretransplantation positive MRD status (MRD). MRD assessment was performed in 202 patients using multicolored flow cytometry ("different from normal" strategy); 100 patients were deemed MRD. Analysis for absolute concentrations of CD3, CD4+, CD8, natural killer, and γδ T cells were performed by flow cytometry according to an internal protocol at day +30 and +100 post-transplantation. Differences between categorical and continuous variables were determined using the chi-square and Student t test, respectively. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare medians of continuous variables. Spearman's correlation was used for nonparametric assessment of correlation between different cell subsets during immune reconstitution. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression analysis were used to investigate the associations between immune reconstitution and survival outcomes. Gray's analysis was used to compute incidences of relapse, nonrelapse mortality, and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). The median follow-up of survivors was 28 months (range 3 to 59 months). Younger age (≤58 years) of recipient and donor (<30 years), sex mismatch, use of a matched donor, cytomegalovirus reactivation, and administration of antithymocyte globulin were associated with a faster γδ T cell reconstitution. In multivariable analysis for MRD patients, a higher than median level of γδ T cells on days +30 and +100 resulted in significantly improved leukemia-free survival (hazard ratio [HR], 0.42 [P = .007] and 0.42 [P = .011], respectively) and overall survival (HR, 0.44 [P = .038] and 0.33 [P = .009], respectively). Furthermore, a higher γδ T cell level on day +30 was associated with a significantly reduced risk of relapse (HR, 0.36; P = .019). No impact of γδ T cell level on relapse at days +30 and +100 could be seen in MRD-negative patients, and no correlation with occurrence of GVHD was observed. Our data indicate that enhanced immune reconstitution of γδ T cells post-transplantation may overcome the higher relapse risk of pretransplantation MRD status in patients with AML.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtct.2021.06.003DOI Listing
June 2021

Treosulfan-Based Conditioning Regimen for Second Allograft in Patients with Myelofibrosis.

Cancers (Basel) 2020 Oct 23;12(11). Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Hematology Department, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, 20251 Hamburg, Germany.

Relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in myelofibrosis (MF) patients remains as a significant issue despite advances in transplantation procedures and significant prolongation in survival. Second AHSCT is a potential treatment option but associated with high treatment-related mortality and novel less toxic conditioning regimens are needed. In 33 MF patients with relapse after AHSCT and failure to donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) we investigated treosulfan (36-42 g/m) in combination with fludarabine and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) as conditioning regimen for a second AHSCT with matched related ( = 2), unrelated ( = 23), or mismatched unrelated ( = 8) donors. All patients achieved leukocyte engraftment after a median of 11 days, and 56 ± 13% experienced acute GVHD grade II-IV at day 100. The therapy-related mortality at day 100 and at 3 years was 16% and 31%, respectively. The cumulative incidence of relapse at 5 years was 16%, resulting in a 5-year disease-free and overall survival of 45% and 47%, respectively. Treosulfan-based conditioning for second allograft in relapsed MF patients resulted in about 50% of the patients in long-term freedom from disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers12113098DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7690833PMC
October 2020

Ruxolitinib plus extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) for steroid refractory acute graft-versus-host disease of lower GI-tract after allogeneic stem cell transplantation leads to increased regulatory T cell level.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2020 12 23;55(12):2286-2293. Epub 2020 May 23.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a serious complication after stem cell transplantation and is associated with high non-relapse mortality. If steroid treatment as first-line therapeutic approach fails, treatment options are limited. In retrospective studies, ruxolitinib, a selective Janus kinase 1/2 inhibitor as well as extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) could show high efficacy in treatment of steroid refractory acute and chronic GVHD. Here, we report single-center experience of combining JAK-inhibitor treatment with ECP in 18 patients with severe steroid refractory aGVHD of lower GI-tract. The treatment was well tolerated and no severe cytopenia (grade IV) occurred, in three patients grade III cytopenia could be observed. Response was complete or partial in 44% and 11%, respectively, resulting in an estimated 2 year overall survival of 56%. Steroids were tapered rapidly with a median time of 2 days for halving of dosage avoiding additional steroid-associated side effects. Under treatment with ruxolitinib and ECP, an increased level of regulatory T cells could be observed elucidating direct effects of this treatment on immune response.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-0952-zDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8376644PMC
December 2020

Excellent proliferation and persistence of allogeneic donor-derived 41-BB based CAR-T cells despite immunosuppression with cyclosporine A.

Haematologica 2020 06 2;105(6):322-324. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation with Research Department Cell and Gene Therapy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.245969DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7271598PMC
June 2020

Standardized monitoring of cytomegalovirus-specific immunity can improve risk stratification of recurrent cytomegalovirus reactivation after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Haematologica 2021 02 1;106(2):363-374. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Dpt of Internal Medicine III, Hematology and Oncology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Germany.

Recurrence of cytomegalovirus reactivation remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Monitoring cytomegalovirus-specific cellular immunity using a standardized assay might improve the risk stratification of patients. A prospective multicenter study was conducted in 175 intermediate- and high-risk allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients under preemptive antiviral therapy. Cytomegalovirus-specific cellular immunity was measured using a standardized IFN-γ ELISpot assay (T-Track® CMV). Primary aim was to evaluate the suitability of measuring cytomegalovirus-specific immunity after end of treatment for a first cytomegalovirus reactivation to predict recurrent reactivation. 40/101 (39.6%) patients with a first cytomegalovirus reactivation experienced recurrent reactivations, mainly in the high-risk group (cytomegalovirus-seronegative donor/cytomegalovirus-seropositive recipient). The positive predictive value of T-Track® CMV (patients with a negative test after the first reactivation experienced at least one recurrent reactivation) was 84.2% in high-risk patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a higher probability of recurrent cytomegalovirus reactivation in high-risk patients with a negative test after the first reactivation (hazard ratio 2.73; p=0.007). Interestingly, a post-hoc analysis considering T-Track® CMV measurements at day 100 post-transplantation, a time point highly relevant for outpatient care, showed a positive predictive value of 90.0% in high-risk patients. Our results indicate that standardized cytomegalovirus-specific cellular immunity monitoring may allow improved risk stratification and management of recurrent cytomegalovirus reactivation after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02156479.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2019.229252DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7849569PMC
February 2021

Reduced intensity allogeneic stem cell transplantation for younger patients with myelofibrosis.

Br J Haematol 2019 08 15;186(3):484-489. Epub 2019 May 15.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is a curative procedure for myelofibrosis. Elderly people are mainly affected, limiting the feasibility of myeloablative regimens. The introduction of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) made alloSCT feasible for older patients. Nevertheless, the incidence of myelofibrosis is not negligible in young patients, who are theoretically able to tolerate high-intensity therapy. Very few data are available about the efficacy of RIC-alloSCT in younger myelofibrosis patients. This study included 56 transplanted patients aged <55 years. Only 30% had a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor, the others were transplanted from a fully-matched (36%) or partially-matched (34%) unrelated donor. All transplants were conditioned according the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation protocol: busulfan-fludarabine + anti-thymocyte globulin, followed by ciclosporin and mycophenolate. One patient experienced primary graft failure. Incidence of graft-versus-host disease grade II-IV was 44% (grade III/IV 23%). One-year non-relapse mortality was 7% and the 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 19%. After a median follow-up of 8·6 years, the estimated 5-year progression-free survival and overall survival (OS) was 68% and 82%, respectively. Patients with fully-matched donor had a 5-year OS of 92%, in contrast to 68% for those with a mismatched donor (P = 0·03). The most important outcome-determining factor is donor HLA-matching. In conclusion, RIC-alloSCT ensures optimal engraftment and low relapse rate in younger myelofibrosis patients, enabling the possibility of cure in this group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.15952DOI Listing
August 2019
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