Publications by authors named "Diego Bugatti"

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Profile of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma mutations in Brazilian patients.

Sci Rep 2021 10 18;11(1):20596. Epub 2021 Oct 18.

Molecular Oncology Research Center, Barretos Cancer Hospital, Antenor Duarte Villela, 1331, Barretos, São Paulo, 14784 400, Brazil.

Esophageal cancer is an aggressive tumor that has a high rate of incidence and mortality worldwide. It is the 10th most frequent type in Brazil, being squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) the predominant subtype. There is currently an incessant search to identify the frequently altered genes associated with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma biology that could be druggable. This study aimed to analyze the somatic mutation profile of a large panel of cancer-related genes in Brazilian ESCC. In a series of 46 ESCC diagnoses at Barretos Cancer Hospital, DNA isolated from paired fresh-frozen and blood tissue, a panel of 150 cancer-related genes was analyzed by next-generation sequencing. The genes with the highest frequency of mutations were TP53 (39/46, 84.8%), followed by NOTCH1 (7/46, 15.2%), NFE2L2 (5/46, 10.8%), RB1 (3/46, 6.5%), PTEN (3/46, 6.5%), CDKN2A (3/46, 6.5%), PTCH1 (2/46, 4.3%) and PIK3CA (2/46, 4.3%). There was no significant association between molecular and patients' clinicopathological features. Applying an evolutionary action score of p53 (EAp53), we observed that 14 (35.9%) TP53 mutations were classified as high-risk, yet no association with overall survival was observed. Concluding, this the largest mutation profile of Brazilian ESCC patients, which helps in the elucidation of the major cancer-related genes in this population.
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October 2021