Publications by authors named "Didier Blaise"

364 Publications

A study of elite sport-inspired coaching for patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Management Sport Cancer Laboratory (UR 20122035V), Faculty of Sport Sciences, Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France.

A need for social support is often expressed after hospitalization post HSCT. Emotional support and positive psychological constructs play an important role in post-HSCT recovery. Interventions generating positive affect can influence the health and well-being of transplant patients. It has been established that coaching in elite sport area leads to performance by playing a decisive role in maintaining the athlete's feelings of hope and autonomy in order to enable him or her to achieve their goals. In this single-center, prospective, one-arm study, we evaluated, in 32 post-HSCT patients, the acceptability of a coaching program inspired by elite sport coaching. Benefits were evaluated by questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The coaching program was accepted by 97% of the patients. Analysis of the scores on the "Means" sub-dimension of Hope showed a significant increase over time (p = 0.0249 < 0.05) for every patient. Qualitative analysis of patient's satisfaction pointed out that this support facilitated the transition to a life without illness in particular in the non-hospital context of coaching sessions. Our results show that a "sport-inspired coaching" may offer an innovative approach supporting psychological and social recovery after HSCT and helping to start and/or maintain the processes leading to psychological well-being.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01401-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8277989PMC
July 2021

Comparison of long-term outcome for AML patients alive free of disease 2 years after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with umbilical cord blood versus unrelated donor: a study from the ALWP of the EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

EBMT Paris study office / CEREST-TC, Paris, France.

Since cord blood transplantation (CBT) has been associated with high graft-versus-leukemia effects and a low incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we hypothesized that long-term outcomes might be better in CBT patients than in those given grafts from unrelated donors (UD). Therefore, we performed a landmark study comparing long-term outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients alive and disease-free 2 years after transplantation who received grafts from either CBT or UD. A total of 364 CBT recipients, 2648 UD 10/10 patients and 681 patients given grafts from UD 9/10 were included. Median follow-up was 6.0 years. Five-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) from transplantation was 86% in CBT patients, 84% in UD 10/10 patients (P = 0.36) and 84% in UD 9/10 patients (P = 0.86). On multivariate analysis, donor type had no impact on LFS. Similarly, no impact of donor type was observed on relapse incidence or non-relapse mortality. Factors associated with poorer LFS on multivariate analysis included higher age at transplantation (P < 0.001), male gender (P < 0.001), second complete remission (CR2) versus CR1 (P = 0.05), secondary AML (P = 0.01), antecedent of chronic GVHD (P < 0.001) and poor-risk cytogenetics (P = 0.01). In conclusion, our study shows that long-term outcome for AML patients in CR two years after transplantation is not impacted by donor type.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01387-7DOI Listing
July 2021

IgD Subtype But Not IgM or Non-Secretory Is a Prognostic Marker for Poor Survival Following Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma. Results From the EBMT CALM (Collaboration to Collect Autologous Transplant Outcomes in Lymphomas and Myeloma) Study.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Hospital Pitié Salpêtrière, Paris, France.

Background: The Collaboration to Collect Autologous Transplant Outcomes in Lymphoma and Myeloma (CALM) study has provided an opportunity to evaluate the real-world outcomes of patients with myeloma. The aim of this study was to compare the outcome according to the different subtypes of myeloma using CALM data.

Patients: This study compared overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and complete remission (CR) and the impact of novel versus non-novel drug containing induction regimens prior to autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) of 2802 patients with "usual" and "rare" myelomas.

Results: Our data suggest that IgM and non-secretory myeloma have superior PFS and OS compared with IgD myeloma and outcomes comparable to those for usual myeloma. Patients who received novel agent induction had higher rates of CR prior to transplant. Non-novel induction regimens were associated with inferior PFS but no difference in OS. Although not the primary focus of this study, we show that poor mobilization status is associated with reduced PFS and OS, but these differences disappear in multivariate analysis suggesting that poor mobilization status is a surrogate for other indicators of poor prognosis.

Conclusion: We confirm that IgD myeloma is associated with the worst prognosis and inferior outcomes compared with the other isotypes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2021.05.012DOI Listing
May 2021

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation in older myelofibrosis patients: A study of the chronic malignancies working party of EBMT and the Spanish Myelofibrosis Registry.

Am J Hematol 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Hematology Department, CHU de Lille, Université de Lille, INSERM U1286, Lille, France.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is increasingly used in older myelofibrosis (MF) patients, but its risk/benefit ratio compared to non-transplant approaches has not been evaluated in this population. We analyzed the outcomes of allo-HCT in 556 MF patients aged ≥65 years from the EBMT registry, and determined the excess mortality over the matched general population of MF patients ≥65 years managed with allo-HCT (n = 556) or conventional drug treatment (n = 176). The non-transplant cohort included patients with intermediate-2 or high risk DIPSS from the Spanish Myelofibrosis Registry. After a median follow-up of 3.4 years, the estimated 5-year survival rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse incidence after transplantation was 40%, 37%, and 25%, respectively. Busulfan-based conditioning was associated with decreased mortality (HR: 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5-0.9) whereas the recipient CMV+/donor CMV- combination (HR: 1.7, 95% CI: 1.2-2.4) and the JAK2 mutated genotype (HR: 1.9, 95% CI: 1.1-3.5) predicted higher mortality. Busulfan-based conditioning correlated with improved survival due to less NRM, despite its higher relapse rate when compared with melphalan-based regimens. Excess mortality was higher in transplanted patients than in the non-HCT cohort in the first year of follow-up (ratio: 1.93, 95% CI: 1.13-2.80), whereas the opposite occurred between the fourth and eighth follow-up years (ratio: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.18-0.53). Comparing the excess mortality of the two treatments, male patients seemed to benefit more than females from allo-HCT, mainly due to their worse prognosis with non-transplant approaches. These findings could potentially enhance counseling and treatment decision-making in elderly transplant-eligible MF patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26279DOI Listing
June 2021

Expect the unexpected.

Authors:
Didier Blaise

Blood 2021 Jun;137(23):3163-3164

Institute Paoli-Calmettes.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2021011368DOI Listing
June 2021

Phase I Trial of Prophylactic Donor-Derived IL-2-Activated NK Cell Infusion after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation from a Matched Sibling Donor.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 28;13(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

Centre d'Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy CIML, CNRS, INSERM, Aix Marseille Université, 13009 Marseille, France.

: NK cell-based immunotherapy to prevent relapse after allogeneic transplantation is an appealing strategy because NK cells can provide strong antitumor effect without inducing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Thus, we designed a phase-I clinical trial evaluating the safety of a prophylactic donor-derived ex vivo IL-2 activated NK cell (IL-2 NK) infusion after allo-HSCT for patients with hematologic malignancies. : Donor NK cells were purified and cultured ex vivo with IL-2 before infusion, at three dose levels. To identify the maximum tolerated dose was the main objective. In addition, we performed phenotypical and functional characterization of the NK cell therapy product, and longitudinal immune monitoring of NK cell phenotype in patients. : Compared to unstimulated NK cells, IL-2 NK cells expressed higher levels of activating receptors and exhibited increased degranulation and cytokine production in vitro. We treated 16 patients without observing any dose-limiting toxicity. At the last follow up, 11 out of 16 treated patients were alive in complete remission of hematologic malignancies without GVHD features and immunosuppressive treatment. s: Prophylactic donor-derived IL-2 NK cells after allo-HSCT is safe with low incidence of GVHD. Promising survivals and IL-2 NK cell activated phenotype may support a potential clinical efficacy of this strategy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers13112673DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8198961PMC
May 2021

A multicentre, multinational, prospective, observational registry study of defibrotide in patients diagnosed with veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome after haematopoietic cell transplantation: an EBMT study.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Hematology, IRCCS San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy.

Severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS) is a potentially life-threatening complication of haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This multinational, prospective, observational study (NCT03032016), performed by the EBMT, enrolled patients treated with defibrotide from April 2015 to July 2018. This analysis focused on defibrotide-treated patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT. The primary endpoint was incidence of serious adverse events (SAEs) of interest up to 12 months post-HCT in patients with severe VOD/SOS. Overall, 104 defibrotide-treated patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT were enrolled: 62 had severe VOD/SOS and comprised the primary study population, including 36 with multi-organ dysfunction/failure (MOD/MOF). SAEs of interest occurred in 20 of 62 (32%) severe VOD/SOS patients; the most common by category were infection (24%) and bleeding (13%). In patients with severe VOD/SOS, the Kaplan-Meier-estimated Day 100 survival rate was 73% (95% CI: 60%, 82%) with VOD/SOS resolution by Day 100 in 45 of 62 (73%) patients. MOD/MOF resolved in 19 of 36 (53%) patients with MOD/MOF at VOD/SOS diagnosis. Results from this multicentre registry study build on prior defibrotide studies supporting the utility of defibrotide for the treatment of VOD/SOS post-HCT. These results provide additional real-world evidence of the effectiveness and safety of defibrotide in patients with VOD/SOS post-HCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01265-2DOI Listing
May 2021

High-dimensional mass cytometry analysis of NK cell alterations in AML identifies a subgroup with adverse clinical outcome.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Jun;118(22)

Team Immunity and Cancer, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Marseille (CRCM), Inserm U1068, CNRS UMR7258, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille University UM105, 13009 Marseille, France.

Natural killer (NK) cells are major antileukemic immune effectors. Leukemic blasts have a negative impact on NK cell function and promote the emergence of phenotypically and functionally impaired NK cells. In the current work, we highlight an accumulation of CD56CD16 unconventional NK cells in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), an aberrant subset initially described as being elevated in patients chronically infected with HIV-1. Deep phenotyping of NK cells was performed using peripheral blood from patients with newly diagnosed AML ( = 48, HEMATOBIO cohort, NCT02320656) and healthy subjects ( = 18) by mass cytometry. We showed evidence of a moderate to drastic accumulation of CD56CD16 unconventional NK cells in 27% of patients. These NK cells displayed decreased expression of NKG2A as well as the triggering receptors NKp30 and NKp46, in line with previous observations in HIV-infected patients. High-dimensional characterization of these NK cells highlighted a decreased expression of three additional major triggering receptors required for NK cell activation, NKG2D, DNAM-1, and CD96. A high proportion of CD56CD16 NK cells at diagnosis was associated with an adverse clinical outcome and decreased overall survival (HR = 0.13; = 0.0002) and event-free survival (HR = 0.33; = 0.018) and retained statistical significance in multivariate analysis. Pseudotime analysis of the NK cell compartment highlighted a disruption of the maturation process, with a bifurcation from conventional NK cells toward CD56CD16 NK cells. Overall, our data suggest that the accumulation of CD56CD16 NK cells may be the consequence of immune escape from innate immunity during AML progression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2020459118DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8179170PMC
June 2021

Legionellosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 May 22. Epub 2021 May 22.

University Hospital, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

Limited data are available on legionellosis after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The aim of this study was to report the cases of legionellosis and to identify predictors of legionellosis, legionellosis-associated death, and non-relapse mortality (NRM). All cases of post-HSCT legionellosis from the EBMT registry were included and matched with controls in a 3:1 ratio for the analyses of risk factors. In the years 1995-2016, 80 cases from 52 centers in 14 countries were identified (mainly from France, Italy, and Spain). Median time from HSCT to legionellosis was 203 days (range, 0-4099); 19 (23.8%) patients developed early legionellosis (within-day +30 post-HSCT). Patients were mainly male (70%), after allogeneic HSCT (70%), with acute leukemia (27.5%), lymphoma (23.8%), or multiple myeloma (21.3%), and the median age of 46.6 (range, 7.2-68.2). Predictors of legionellosis were allogeneic HSCT (OR = 2.27, 95%CI:1.08-4.80, p = 0.03) and recent other infection (OR = 2.96, 95%CI:1.34-6.52, p = 0.007). Twenty-seven (33.8%) patients died due to legionellosis (44% after early legionellosis), NRM was 50%. Predictors of NRM were female sex (HR = 2.19, 95%CI:1.13-4.23, p = 0.02), early legionellosis (HR = 2.24, 95%CI:1.13-4.46, p = 0.02), and south-eastern geographical region (HR = 2.16, 95%CI:1.05-4.44, p = 0.036). In conclusion, legionellosis is a rare complication after HSCT, mainly allogeneic, occurring frequently within 30 days after HSCT and associated with high mortality.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01333-7DOI Listing
May 2021

Alternative donor transplantation for severe aplastic anaemia in 2021: haplo donor, cord blood or both?

Br J Haematol 2021 Jun 15;193(5):863-864. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Medicine, Hematology, Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Section, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17401DOI Listing
June 2021

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with cord blood versus mismatched unrelated donor with post-transplant cyclophosphamide in acute myeloid leukemia.

J Hematol Oncol 2021 May 3;14(1):76. Epub 2021 May 3.

EBMT ALWP Office, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Paris, France.

Background: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) using a mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) and cord blood transplantation (CBT) are valid alternatives for patients without a fully human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donor. Here, we compared the allo-HCT outcomes of CBT versus single-allele-mismatched MMUD allo-HCT with post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in acute myeloid leukemia.

Methods: Patients who underwent a first CBT without PTCy (N = 902) or allo-HCT from a (HLA 9/10) MMUD with PTCy (N = 280) were included in the study. A multivariate regression analysis was performed for the whole population. A matched-pair analysis was carried out by propensity score-based 1:1 matching of patients (177 pairs) with known cytogenetic risk.

Results: The incidence of grade II-IV and grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at 6 months was 36% versus 32% (p = 0.07) and 15% versus 11% (p = 0.16) for CBT and MMUD cohorts, respectively. CBT was associated with a higher incidence of graft failure (11% vs. 4%, p < 0.01) and higher 2-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) (30% vs. 16%, p < 0.01) compared to MMUD. In the multivariate analysis, CBT was associated with a higher risk of, NRM (HR = 2.09, 95% CI 1.46-2.99, p < 0.0001), and relapse (HR = 1.35, 95% CI 1-1.83, p = 0.05), which resulted in worse leukemia-free survival (LFS) (HR = 1.68, 95% CI 1.34-2.12, p < 0.0001), overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.7, 95% CI 1.33-2.17, p < 0.0001), and GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (HR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.21-1.83, p < 0.0001) compared to MMUD. The risk of grade II-IV acute GVHD (p = 0.052) and chronic GVHD (p = 0.69) did not differ significantly between the cohorts. These results were confirmed in a matched-pair analysis.

Conclusions: CBT was associated with lower LFS, OS, and GRFS due to higher NRM, compared to MMUD allo-HCT with PTCy. In the absence of a fully matched donor, 9/10 MMUD with PTCy may be preferred over CBT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13045-021-01086-2DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8094558PMC
May 2021

Comparing outcomes of a second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant using HLA-matched unrelated versus T-cell replete haploidentical donors in relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a study of the Acute Leukemia Working Party of EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Hematology, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Sorbonne University and INSERM UMRs 938, Paris, France.

Optimal donor choice for a second allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) in relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains undefined. We compared outcomes using HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUD) versus haploidentical donors in this population. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). The MUD allo-HCT group comprised 104 patients (male = 56, 54%), median age 36 years, mostly (76%) with B-cell phenotype in complete remission (CR) (CR2/CR3 + = 76, 73%). The 61 patients (male = 38, 62%) in the haploidentical group were younger, median age 30 years (p = 0.002), had mostly (79%) a B-cell phenotype and the majority were also in CR at time of the second allo-HCT (CR2/CR3 + = 40, 66%). Peripheral blood stem cells was the most common cell source in both, but a significantly higher number in the haploidentical group received bone marrow cells (26% vs. 4%, p < 0.0001). A haploidentical donor second allo-HCT had a 1.5-fold higher 2-year OS (49% vs. 31%), albeit not statistically significant (p = 0.13). A longer time from first allo-HCT to relapse was associated with improved OS, leukemia-free survival, graft-versus-host disease-free-relapse-free survival, and lower cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality. Results suggest no major OS difference when choosing either a MUD or haploidentical donor for ALL patients needing a second allo-HCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01317-7DOI Listing
April 2021

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome and solid tumors: Three new patients from the French Registry for Severe Chronic Neutropenia and literature review.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Jul 19;68(7):e29071. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine, APHP, Armand-Trousseau Hospital, French Registry for Severe Chronic Neutropenia, CRMR of Chronic Neutropenia, Department of Pediatrics Hematology and Oncology, Sorbonne Université, Inserm, Paris, France.

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome with Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) biallelic variants is a rare disorder that predisposes the carrier to malignant hemopathies but solid-cancer predisposition is poorly known. Among 155 cases entered in the French Registry for Severe Chronic Neutropenia, three were identified with malignant solid tumors (ovary, breast, and esophagus). All cancers occurred during the fifth decade and, despite being localized at diagnosis, were rapidly fatal thereafter. No cancer was observed post transplantation in the 14 HSCT survivors. Based on the literature and our patient data, we can merely advance that this complication is predominantly diagnosed in adults.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pbc.29071DOI Listing
July 2021

Outcome after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with extranodal natural killer/T-Cell lymphoma, nasal type: A French study from the Société Francophone de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC).

Am J Hematol 2021 07 3;96(7):834-845. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Hematology, Inserm U1163, IMAGINE Institute, Paris University, Necker Hospital, Paris, France.

We evaluated the outcome of 65 French patients with Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (19 allogeneic and 46 autologous). Fifty-four patients (83%), most of which receiving L-asparaginase (L-aspa) containing regimens (81%), achieved complete or partial response at time of HCST. After a median follow-up of 79.9 months, 4-years progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar in both autologous and allogeneic groups (PFS: 34% vs. 26%, p = .12 and OS: 52% vs. 53%, p = .74). Response status at HSCT was the major independent prognostic factor on survival (OS: HR: 4.013 [1.137; 14.16], p = .031 and PFS: HR: 5.231 [1.625; 16.838], p = .006). As compared to control patients receiving chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy containing regimens only, upfront HSCT did not improve the outcome of responder patients, including those treated by L-aspa. However, it tends to provide survival benefit for relapsed patients with initial high-risk clinical features who achieved second remission. Whereas the place of HSCT in upfront therapy has still to be clarified, these data confirm that HSCT should be considered for consolidation in selected patients with relapsed ENKTL. Based on a large non Asian ENKTL cohort since the L-aspa era, this study provides some insight into the survival patterns of ENKTL patients with HSCT in the Western hemisphere and may give future direction for the next clinical trial design.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26200DOI Listing
July 2021

Second allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation using HLA-matched unrelated versus T-cell replete haploidentical donor and survival in relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 10;193(3):592-601. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Hematology, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Sorbonne University and INSERM UMRs 938, Paris, France.

Optimal donor choice for a second allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) in relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) remains unknown. We compared overall survival (OS) using registry data from the Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP) of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) involving 455 adults who received a second allo-HCT from a human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-matched unrelated (MUD) (n = 320) or a haploidentical (n = 135) donor. Eligibility criteria required adults aged ≥18 years who received a second allo-HCT for treating AML relapse between 2005 and 2019. The primary end-point was OS. There was no statistically significant difference in the median (interquartile range) age between the groups, MUD 46 (35-58) versus haploidentical 44 (33-53) years (P = 0·07). The median OS was not different between the MUD and the haploidentical groups (10 vs. 11 months, P = 0·57). Similarly, the 2-year OS was 31% for the MUD and 29% for the haploidentical donor groups. The OS was worse if the procedure was performed with active AML [hazard ratio (HR) 1·42, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·07-1·89; P = 0·02]. Conversely, a longer time from first allo-HCT to relapse (>13·2 months) was associated with better OS (HR 0·50, 95% CI 0·37-0·69; P < 0·0001). The results of the present analysis limit the ability to recommend one donor type over another when considering a second allo-HCT for relapsed AML. Our findings highlight that best OS is achieved when receiving the second allo-HCT in complete remission.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjh.17426DOI Listing
May 2021

Non-cryopreserved hematopoietic stem cells in autograft patients with lymphoma: a matched-pair analysis comparing a single center experience with the use of cryopreserved stem cells reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry.

Cytotherapy 2021 Jun 4;23(6):483-487. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Global Committee, Paris, France; Department of Hematology and Cell Therapy, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Sorbonne University, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background Aims: Around 50 000 autologous stem cell transplantations are done each year worldwide using cryopreserved peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). Cryopreservation is time-consuming and expensive. Since 2007, several retrospective studies have shown that PBSCs can be stored at 4°C for 2-3 days, allowing autologous stem cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma receiving high-dose melphalan. Data with non-cryopreserved PBSCs in patients autografted for lymphoma following longer pre-conditioning regimens are limited. In addition, no controlled comparison has been able to detect unforeseen differences.

Methods: The authors compared outcomes of 94 consecutive adult patients with lymphoma (66 with Hodgkin lymphoma) autografted in our department in Oran (Algeria) using PBSCs stored at 4°C, from 2009 to 2018, with patients receiving cryopreserved stem cells reported to the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry. Patients autografted in Oran were matched with patients receiving cryopreserved PBSCs in the registry (four controls per patient in Oran).

Results: Neutrophil engraftment was significantly faster with cryopreserved PBSCs (P = 0.003). By day 10, only 17% of patients receiving non-cryopreserved PBSCs engrafted versus 48% for cryopreserved PBSCs. Likewise, platelet recovery to 20 000/mm was significantly faster in patients receiving cryopreserved PBSCs (P = 0.01). However, all patients in both groups had recovered by day 20. There were no significant differences in non-relapse mortality (9% versus 7%, P = 0.4), relapse incidence (22% versus 32%, P = 0.13), progression-free survival (70% versus 61%, P = 0.4) or overall survival (85% versus 75%, P = 0.3).

Conclusions: This analysis suggests that, in patients with lymphoma receiving pre-transplant regimens such as carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan, PBSCs stored at 4°C for up to 6 days can be used safely in centers with no cryopreservation facility. However, the kinetics of hematopoietic recovery showed a significant, albeit small, delay in engraftment for both neutrophils and platelets, which favors the use of cryopreservation if available.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcyt.2020.12.016DOI Listing
June 2021

Prognostic factors for neutrophil engraftment after haploidentical cell transplantation with PT-Cy in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission, on behalf of the ALWP-EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Haematology and EBMT Paris Study Office/CEREST-TC, Saint Antoine Hospital, Paris, France.

The use of haplo-HCT with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is a new standard in the treatment of hematological diseases. A paucity of data exists on risk factors for engraftment failure in haplo-HCT with PT-Cy. We analyzed 1939 adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received a first haplo-HCT from 2010 to 2019. Status at haplo-HCT was first complete remission (CR1) in 72.5% of patients, secondary AML was reported in 9.9%. Median follow-up was 24.4 months and median age at haplo-HCT was 51 years. Stem cell source was bone marrow (BM) in 42% and peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) in 58%, and 64% of patients received a myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen. Cumulative incidence of primary graft failure (GF) was 6%; GF was reported in 110 patients and 54 died before day +30 with no sign of cell recovery. Overall, 33 patients underwent a second HCT in a median time of 45 days and 13 were alive at last follow-up, the 2-year overall survival (OS) after second HCT being 32.4%. In multivariate analysis, factors independently associated with the risk of nonengraftment were: secondary AML (HR 1.30, p = 0.003), use of RIC (HR 1.22, p < 0.001), and use of BM (HR 1.21, p < 0.001). At 2 years, leukemia-free survival (LFS) and OS for the entire population was 55.2% (95% CI: 52.6-57.6) and 60.9% (95% CI: 58.4-63.3), respectively. Incidence of GF after haplo-HCT with PT-Cy is lower than reported T-cell-depleted haplo-HCT. Optimization of conditioning regimen and graft source should be considered for reducing the risk of GF in haplo-HCT recipients using PT-Cy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01248-3DOI Listing
March 2021

Allogeneic transplantation after PD-1 blockade for classic Hodgkin lymphoma.

Leukemia 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology/Oncology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA.

Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies yield high response rates in patients with relapsed/refractory classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), but most patients will eventually progress. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) after PD-1 blockade may be associated with increased toxicity, raising challenging questions about the role, timing, and optimal method of transplantation in this setting. To address these questions, we assembled a retrospective cohort of 209 cHL patients who underwent alloHCT after PD-1 blockade. With a median follow-up among survivors of 24 months, the 2-year cumulative incidences (CIs) of non-relapse mortality and relapse were 14 and 18%, respectively; the 2-year graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and relapse-free survival (GRFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival were 47%, 69%, and 82%, respectively. The 180-day CI of grade 3-4 acute GVHD was 15%, while the 2-year CI of chronic GVHD was 34%. In multivariable analyses, a longer interval from PD-1 to alloHCT was associated with less frequent severe acute GVHD, while additional treatment between PD-1 and alloHCT was associated with a higher risk of relapse. Notably, post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy)-based GVHD prophylaxis was associated with significant improvements in PFS and GRFS. While awaiting prospective clinical trials, PTCy-based GVHD prophylaxis may be considered the optimal transplantation strategy for this patient population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-021-01193-6DOI Listing
March 2021

Addition of Rituximab in Reduced Intensity Conditioning Regimens for B-Cell Malignancies Does Not Influence Transplant Outcomes: EBMT Registry Analyses Following Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for B-Cell Malignancies.

Front Immunol 2020 2;11:613954. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Rituximab (R) is increasingly incorporated in reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) in patients with B-cell malignancies, not only to improve disease control, but also to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). There are no randomized prospective data to validate this practice, although single center data and the CIBMTR analysis have shown promising results. We aimed at validation of these findings in a large registry study. We conducted a retrospective analysis using the EBMT registry of 3,803 adult patients with B-cell malignancies undergoing alloHCT (2001-2013) with either rituximab (R-RIC-9%) or non-rituximab (RIC-91%) reduced intensity regimens respectively. Median age and median follow up were 55 years (range 19.1-77.3) and 43.2 months (range 0.3-179.8), respectively. There was no difference in transplant outcomes (R-RIC vs RIC), including 1-year overall survival (69.9% vs 70.7%), 1-year disease-free survival (64.4% vs 62.2%), 1-year non-relapse mortality (21% vs 22%), and day-100 incidence of acute GVHD 2-4° (12% vs 12%). In summary, we found that addition of rituximab in RIC regimens for B-cell malignancies had no significant impact on major transplant outcome variables. Of note, data on chronic GVHD was not available, limiting the conclusions that can be drawn from the present study.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2020.613954DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7884746PMC
June 2021

Prognostic impact of early-versus-late responses to different induction regimens in patients with myeloma undergoing autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation: Results from the CALM study by the CMWP of the EBMT.

Eur J Haematol 2021 May 27;106(5):708-715. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

University Hospital of Lille, Inserm, CHU Lille, INSERM, Infinite, Lille, France.

Background: In autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT)-eligible myeloma patients, prolonged induction does not necessarily improve the depth of response.

Method: We analyzed 1222 ASCT patients who were classified based on (a) the interval between induction and stem cell collection, (b) the type of induction regimen: BID (Bortezomib, IMiDs, and Dexamethasone), Bortezomib-based, or CTD (Cyclophosphamide, Thalidomide, and Dexamethasone), and (c) the time to best response (Early ie, best response within 4 or 5 months, depending on the regimen vs Late; Good ie, VGPR or better vs Poor).

Results: The length of induction treatment required to achieve a Good response did not affect PFS (P = .65) or OS (P = .61) post-ASCT. The three types of regimen resulted in similar outcomes: median PFS 31, 27.7 and 30.8 months (P = .31), and median OS 81.7, 92.7, and 77.4 months, respectively (P = .83). On multivariate analysis, neither the type nor the duration of the induction regimen affected OS and PFS, except for Early Good Responders who had a better PFS compared to Early Poor Responders (HR = 1.21, P-value = .02). However, achieving a Good response at induction was associated with a better response (≥VGPR) post-transplant.

Conclusion: The kinetics of response did not affect outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13602DOI Listing
May 2021

Thiotepa-busulfan-fludarabine (TBF) conditioning regimen in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: an outcome analysis from the Chronic Malignancies Working Party of the EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 07 1;56(7):1593-1602. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

CHU de Lille, univ Lille, INSERM U1286, Infinite, 59000, Lille, France.

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains the only curative option in MF. There is no consensus on the optimal conditioning regimen. We report outcomes of 187 patients with MF transplanted between 2010 and 2017 conditioned with TBF. Median age was 58 years. Median interval from diagnosis to allo-HCT was 44 months. Donors were haploidentical (41%), unrelated (36%) or HLA-identical siblings (23%). Stem cell source was PB in 60%. Conditioning was myeloablative in 48% of cases. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) was used in 41% of patients. At 100 days, neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 91% and 63% after a median of 21 and 34 days, respectively. Grade II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD occurred in 24% and 12%, while at 3 years, all grade chronic GVHD and chronic extensive GVHD had been diagnosed in 38% and 11%. At 3 years, OS, RFS and GRFS were 55%, 49% and 43%, respectively. RI and NRM were 17% and 33%. On multivariate analysis, poor KPS and the use of unrelated donors were associated with worse GRFS and a higher grade II-IV acute GVHD, respectively. Neither donor type nor intensity of the conditioning regimen influenced survival outcomes. TBF is a feasible conditioning regimen in allo-HCT for MF in all donor settings although longer term outcomes are required.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01222-zDOI Listing
July 2021

Impact of early candidemia on the long-term outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in non-leukemic patients: an outcome analysis on behalf of IDWP-EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 07 29;56(7):1563-1572. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Collegium Medicum UMK Torun, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

We assessed the incidence and outcome of early candidemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The analysis included all first HSCTs performed from 2000 to 2015 in adult and pediatric patients with a non-leukemic disease and recorded in the EBMT registry. Overall survival (OS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse mortality (RM) were evaluated. Candidemia was diagnosed in 420 of 49,852 patients at a median time of 17 days post HSCT (range 0-100), the cumulative incidence being 0.85%. In 65.5% of episodes, candidemia occurred by day 30 after HSCT. The mortality rate by day 7 was 6.2%, whereas 100-day NRM was higher (HR 3.47, p < 0.0001), and 100-day OS was lower (HR 3.22, p < 0.0001) than that of patients without candidemia. After a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 5-year OS, NRM, and RM for patients with and without candidemia were 50.5% vs. 60.8%, p < 0.0001, 28.2% vs.18.8%, p < 0.0001, and 25.3% vs. 27.2%, p = 0.4, respectively. In conclusion, in non-leukemic transplant patients, the occurrence of an early episode of candidemia is rare but it is still associated with a negative effect on the outcome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-021-01212-1DOI Listing
July 2021

Scoring system for clinically significant CMV infection in seropositive recipients following allogenic hematopoietic cell transplant: an SFGM-TC study.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 06 18;56(6):1305-1315. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Hematology, Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, F-59000, Lille, France.

In order to identify cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive patients who are at risk of developing CMV infection following first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), we built up a scoring system based on patient/donor characteristics and transplantation modalities. To this end, 3690 consecutive patients were chronologically divided into a derivation cohort (2010-2012, n = 2180) and a validation cohort (2013-2014, n = 1490). Haploidentical donors were excluded. The incidence of first clinically significant CMV infection (CMV disease or CMV viremia leading to preemptive treatment) at 1, 3, and 6 months in the derivation cohort was 13.8%, 38.5%, and 39.6%, respectively. CMV-seropositive donor, unrelated donor (HLA matched 10/10 or HLA mismatched 9/10), myeloablative conditioning, total body irradiation, antithymocyte globulin, and mycophenolate mofetil significantly and independently affected the incidence of 3-month infection. These six factors were selected to build up the prognostic model. Four risk groups were defined: low, intermediate-low, intermediate-high, and high-risk categories, with a 3-month predicted incidence of first clinically significant CMV infection in the derivation cohort of 22.2%, 31.1%, 45.4%, and 56.9%, respectively. This score represents a framework for the evaluation of patients who are at risk of developing clinically significant CMV infection following allo-HCT. Prospective studies using this score may be of benefit in assessing the value of anti-CMV prophylaxis in well-defined patient cohorts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01178-6DOI Listing
June 2021

Vitamins and minerals intake adequacy in hematopoietic stem cell transplant: results of a randomized controlled trial.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 05 1;56(5):1106-1115. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Micronutrient intake among hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients is poorly studied. This randomized control trial (RCT) assessed the effect of nutritional counseling on micronutrient intake post HSCT. Patients with hematological malignancies receiving HSCT were randomized at hospital discharge into an intervention group (IG) and a control group (CG) between 2016 and 2017. IG received individualized nutritional counseling in the first 3 months post HSCT while CG received general qualitative education without reinforcement. At assessment points (hospital admission, discharge, 30, 60, and 100 days post HSCT termed T4), 24-h recalls were analyzed, and micronutrient intake was compared to patients' individual needs. Results were reported as percentages of dietary reference intake. Groups (IG, n = 22 and CG, n = 24) had similar characteristics pre HSCT. Copper and α-tocopherol intake at T4 were significantly better in IG. Many B vitamins, vitamin C, Manganese, Potassium, Zinc, and vitamin K improved in IG only at T4 compared to baseline intake. Median vitamin D intake remained low in both groups with <20% of patients meeting their individual needs post HSCT. In conclusion, counseling was associated with a trend of improved micronutrient intake. Vitamin D levels remained low irrespective of counseling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01154-0DOI Listing
May 2021

Comparison of mycophenolate mofetil and calcineurin inhibitor versus calcineurin inhibitor-based graft-versus-host-disease prophylaxis for matched unrelated donor transplant in acute myeloid leukemia. A study from the ALWP of the EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 05 28;56(5):1077-1085. Epub 2020 Nov 28.

Sorbonne University, Service d'Hématologie Clinique et Thérapie cellulaire, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, INSERM UMRs 938, Paris, France.

The association of Cyclosporine A (CsA) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has increased in the setting of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC). Nevertheless, the use of CsA or CsA+MMF has not been reported in a large and uniform cohort. We analyzed 497 patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission (CR) who underwent matched unrelated donor (MUD) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). All patients received a fludarabine busulfan RIC regimen and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) with either CsA alone or in combination with MMF. The cumulative incidence (CI) of grade II-IV acute GvHD was 27% (95% CI 21-33%) for CsA and 33% (95% CI 27-38%) for CsA+MMF (p = 0.25). The 2-year CI of chronic GvHD was 38% (95% CI 31-45%) and 33% (95% CI 28-39%) for the CsA and the CsA+MMF group, respectively (p = 0.26). On multivariate analysis, no statistically significant differences with respect to relapse incidence (RI), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), acute and chronic GvHD were found between the two groups, also when conducting a subgroup analysis in peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) recipients. Our results support the importance of randomized trial to identify patients who could benefit from the addition of MMF in MUD HSCT.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01155-zDOI Listing
May 2021

Allogeneic stem cell transplant in patients with acute myeloid leukemia and karnofsky performance status score less than or equal to 80%: A study from the acute leukemia working party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT).

Cancer Med 2021 01 26;10(1):23-33. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

EBMT Paris Study Office, Saint Antoine Hospital, Paris, France.

Limited data are currently available on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) with a reduced performance status. We herein present the results of a registry study on 2,936 AML patients undergoing allo-SCT in first remission (CR1) with a Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) score less than or equal to 80%. Two-year leukemia-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS) and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free, and relapse-free survival (GRFS) rates were 54%, 59%, and 41%, respectively. In multivariable analysis, patients with a KPS score = 80% had lower non-relapse mortality (NRM) and superior OS in comparison to patients with a KPS score <80% (p < 0.001). In the subgroup of patients with a KPS score =80%, a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimen was associated with an increased risk of relapse (p = 0.002) and lower GRFS (p < 0.001) compared to myeloablative conditioning (MAC). Differently, in patients with a KPS score <80%, a RIC regimen resulted in lower NRM (p < 0.001), whereas relapse incidence did not differ, thus leading to an improved GRFS (p = 0.008) as compared to MAC. A transplant from a matched sibling donor (MSD) was associated with a reduced incidence of grade III-IV acute GVHD (p < 0.01) and NRM (p < 0.01) in comparison to other donor types. In conclusion, allo-SCT appears feasible in AML patients with a jeopardized KPS score. Survival is significantly affected by the conditioning intensity, which should be adjusted according to the severity of KPS impairment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cam4.3593DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7826477PMC
January 2021

Allogeneic HCT for adults with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia harboring IKZF1 gene mutations. A study by the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 05 25;56(5):1047-1055. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Hematology, Hospital Saint Antoine, Paris, France.

The presence of IKZF1 gene mutations is associated with poor prognosis of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL). The goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in this population. Ninety-five patients transplanted in first (n = 75) or second (n = 20) complete remission (CR) from either HLA-matched sibling (n = 32), unrelated (n = 47) or haploidentical (n = 16) donor were included in the analysis. The probabilities of the overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) at 2 years were 55% and 47%, respectively. Relapse incidence (RI) was 32% while non-relapse mortality (NRM), 21%. The incidence of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic GVHD was 34% and 30%, respectively. The probability of GVHD and relapse-free survival (GRFS) was 35%. In a multivariate analysis positive minimal residual disease (MRD) status was associated with decreased chance of LFS (HR = 3.15, p = 0.004) and OS (HR = 2.37, p = 0.049) as well as increased risk of relapse (HR = 5.87, p = 0.003). Disease stage (CR2 vs. CR1) affected all, LFS, OS, GRFS, RI, and NRM. Results of allo-HCT for patients with BCP-ALL and IKZF1 mutations are generally improving, however, individuals with detectable MRD have poor prognosis and require additional intervention prior to transplantation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01139-zDOI Listing
May 2021

Haploidentical related donor compared to HLA-identical donor transplantation for chemosensitive Hodgkin lymphoma patients.

BMC Cancer 2020 Nov 24;20(1):1140. Epub 2020 Nov 24.

Hematology Department, Transplantation and Cellular Therapy Unit, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Marseille, France.

Background: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation from haploidentical donor using an unmanipulated graft and post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is growing. Haploidentical transplantation with PT-Cy showed a major activity in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), reducing the relapse incidence. The most important predictive factor of survival and toxicity was disease status before transplantation, which was better in patients with well controlled disease.

Methods: We included 198 HL in complete (CR) or partial remission (PR) before transplantation. Sixty-five patients were transplanted from haploidentical donor and 133 from a HLA identical donor (both sibling and unrelated donors). Survival analysis was defined according to the EBMT criteria. Survival curves were generated by using Kaplan-Meier method and differences between groups were compared by the log rank test or by the log rank test for trend when appropriated.

Results: The PFS, OS, and RI were significantly better in patients in CR compared to PR (55% vs 29% p = 0.001, 74% vs 55% p = 0.03, 27% vs 55% p <  0.001, respectively). The 2-year PFS was significantly better for HAPLO than HLA-id (63% vs 37%, p = 0.03), without difference in OS. The 1-year NRM was not different. The 2-year relapse incidence (RI) was lower in the HAPLO group (24% vs 44%, p = 0.008). Patients in CR receiving haplo HSCT showed higher 2-year PFS and lower 2-year RI than those allografted with HLA-id donor (75% vs 47%, p <  0.001 and 11% vs 34%, p < 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, donor type and disease status before transplantation were independent predictors of PFS as well as they predict the risk of relapse. Disease status at transplantation and age were independently associated to OS.

Conclusions: Nonetheless this is a retrospective study, limiting the wide applicability of results, data from this analysis suggest that HLA mismatch can induce a strong graft versus lymphoma effect leading to an enhanced PFS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07602-wDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7685618PMC
November 2020

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in poor prognosis peripheral T-cell lymphoma: the impact of different donor type on outcome.

Bone Marrow Transplant 2021 04 15;56(4):883-889. Epub 2020 Nov 15.

Haematology Department, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, France.

We report the outcome of 68 patients with advanced peripheral T-cell lymphoma receiving transplantation from haploidentical or from conventional donors. The 4-year OS, PFS, 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse and 2-year GRFS was 75%, 70%, 21%, and 51%, respectively. Survival was not affected by donor type. The 2-year NRM was 9%, lower after related or haploidentical donor (21% vs 0% vs 7%; p = 0.06). Grade 2-4 aGVHD cumulative incidence was significantly different after transplantation from haploidentical vs matched sibling vs unrelated donor, and (24% vs 35% vs 58%, p = 0.024). The familial donor cohort was compared to the unrelated cohort. Familial donor induced less grade 2-4 aGVHD, with a trend to less grade 3-4 aGVHD or moderate-severe cGVHD. The OS and PFS were not different, while the relapse risk and NRM were reduced. Allo-SCT is highly effective in T-cell lymphoma, with low NRM and low relapse rate. The incidence of aGVHD was lower after haploidentical transplantation. Related donor may challenge unrelated transplant reducing the risk of relapse and NRM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41409-020-01133-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7666822PMC
April 2021

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide versus antithymocyte globulin in patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation from HLA-identical sibling donors: A retrospective analysis from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

Cancer 2021 Jan 29;127(2):209-218. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Hematology Department, Hôpital Saint Antoine, Service d'Hématologie et Thérapie Cellulaire, Paris, France.

Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Addition of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) or post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCY) to standard immunosuppressive agents reduces GVHD in different donor settings.

Methods: We compared the outcomes of adults with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing allo-HSCT from HLA-identical sibling donors after the use of PTCY (n = 197) or ATG (n = 1913).

Results: Patients in the PTCY group were younger than those in the ATG group (median age, 47 vs 54 years; P < .01). Peripheral blood was the most frequently used stem cell source, being significantly more frequent in the ATG group than in the PTCY group (95% vs 70% P < .01). The conditioning regimen was more frequently myeloablative in the PTCY group than in the ATG group (59% vs 48%; P < .01). Time to neutrophil engraftment was shorter in the ATG group than in the PTCY group (17 vs 20 days; P < .01). No differences were observed according to the other transplantation outcomes, except for chronic GVHD of all grades and extensive chronic GVHD at 2 years, which were significantly lower in the ATG group compared with the PTCY group (P < .02).

Conclusion: PTCY is feasible in an HLA-identical sibling setting, and despite similar outcomes, ATG may be associated with lower incidence of chronic GVHD.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.33255DOI Listing
January 2021