Publications by authors named "Diane W Dynia"

2 Publications

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NHE3 function and phosphorylation are regulated by a calyculin A-sensitive phosphatase.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2010 Mar 16;298(3):F745-53. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

Department of Pediatrics, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Na+/H+ exchanger 3 (NHE3) is phosphorylated and regulated by multiple kinases, including PKA, SGK1, and CK2; however, the role of phosphatases in the dephosphorylation and regulation of NHE3 remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether serine/threonine phosphatases alter NHE3 activity and phosphorylation and, if so, at which sites. To this end, we first examined the effects of calyculin A [a combined protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and PP2A inhibitor] and okadaic acid (a PP2A inhibitor) on general and site-specific NHE3 phosphorylation. Calyculin A induced a phosphorylation-dependent NHE3 gel mobility shift and increased NHE3 phosphorylation at serines 552 and 605. No change in NHE3 phosphorylation was detected after okadaic acid treatment. An NHE3 gel mobility shift was also evident in calyculin A-treated COS-7 cells transfected with either wild-type or mutant (S552A, S605G, S661A, S716A) rat NHE3. Since the NHE3 gel mobility shift occurred despite mutation of known phosphorylation sites, novel sites of phosphorylation must also exist. Next, we assayed NHE3 activity in response to calyculin A and okadaic acid and found that calyculin A induced a 24% inhibition of NHE3 activity, whereas okadaic acid had no effect. When all known NHE3 phosphorylation sites were mutated, calyculin A induced a stimulation of NHE3 activity, demonstrating a functional significance for the novel phosphorylation sites. Finally, we established that the PP1 catalytic subunit can directly dephosphorylate immunopurified NHE3 in vitro. In conclusion, our data demonstrate that a calyculin A-sensitive phosphatase, most likely PP1, is involved in the regulation and dephosphorylation of NHE3 at known and novel sites.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00182.2009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2838583PMC
March 2010

NHE3 phosphorylation at serines 552 and 605 does not directly affect NHE3 activity.

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2007 Jul 4;293(1):F212-8. Epub 2007 Apr 4.

Dept. of Pediatrics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520-8064, USA.

Direct phosphorylation of sodium hydrogen exchanger type 3 (NHE3) is a well-established physiological phenomenon; however, the exact role of NHE3 phosphorylation in its regulation remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether NHE3 phosphorylation at serines 552 and 605 is physiologically regulated in vivo and, if so, whether changes in phosphorylation at these sites are tightly coupled to changes in transport activity. To this end, we directly compared PKA-induced NHE3 inhibition with site-specific changes in NHE3 phosphorylation in vivo and in vitro. In vivo, PKA was activated using an intravenous infusion of parathyroid hormone in Sprague-Dawley rats. In vitro, PKA was activated directly in opossum kidney (OKP) cells using forskolin and IBMX. NHE3 activity was assayed in microvillar membrane vesicles in the rat model and by (22)Na uptake in the OKP cell model. In both cases, NHE3 phosphorylation at serines 552 and 605 was determined using previously characterized monoclonal phosphospecific antibodies directed to these sites. In vivo, we found dramatic changes in NHE3 phosphorylation at serines 552 and 605 with PKA activation but no corresponding alteration in NHE3 activity. This dissociation between NHE3 phosphorylation and activity was further verified in OKP cells in which phosphorylation clearly preceded transport inhibition. We conclude that although phosphorylation of NHE3 at serines 552 and 605 is regulated by PKA both in vivo and in vitro, phosphorylation of these sites does not directly alter Na(+)/H(+) exchange activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00042.2007DOI Listing
July 2007