Publications by authors named "Di Renzo Michela"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Pro/Anti-inflammatory cytokine imbalance in postischemic left ventricular remodeling.

Mediators Inflamm 2010 9;2010:974694. Epub 2010 May 9.

Division of Internal Medicine, Department of Clinical Medicine and Immunology, University of Siena, V. le Bracci, 53100 Siena, Italy.

Objectives: Cytokines play an important role in left ventricular remodeling consequent to myocardial ischemia. The aim of this study was to correlate cytokine production and lymphocyte apoptosis to post-ischemic left ventricular remodeling in patients affected by acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary cutaneous angioplasty (PCI).

Methods: In 40 patients, affected by AMI and undergoing PCI, we evaluated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 10 (IL10) production and apoptosis on day 1, day 3, day 7, 1 month and 6 months after PCI. Patients were divided into two subgroups of remodeling or not remodeling by echocardiographic criteria.

Results: In the subgroup of remodeling patients, at each timepoint TNF-alpha production was increased significantly in comparison with the subgroup of not remodeling patients. IL10 production was statistically lower in remodeling subjects than in not remodeling ones 1 and 6 months after reperfusion. There were no differences between the two groups as regards lymphomonocyte apoptosis.

Conclusions: We found an increased production of pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha and a corresponding decrease of anti-inflammatory/regulatory cytokine IL10 in remodeling patients and we concluded that this cytokine imbalance resulted in pro-inflammatory effects which might contribute to the progression of left ventricular remodeling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/974694DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2866240PMC
August 2010

Takayasu's arteritis: a review of the literature.

Intern Emerg Med 2006 ;1(2):105-12

Division of Medicine III, Department of Clinical Medicine and Immunological Medicine, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Takayasu's arteritis is a rare, idiopathic, chronic inflammatory disease with cell-mediated inflammation, involving mainly the aorta and its major branches. It leads to stenosis, occlusion or aneurysmal degeneration of large arteries. The clinical presentation is characterised by an acute phase with constitutional symptoms, followed, months or years later, by a chronic phase in which symptoms relate to fibrosis or occlusion of vessels. Angiography is the gold standard for diagnosis and for topographical classification and it correlates with symptoms and prognosis. Here we focus on the pathophysiology, clinical and angiographical classification, diagnostic assessment and therapeutic approach of Takayasu's arteritis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02936534DOI Listing
January 2007

[Hypogammaglobulinemia and thymoma (Good's syndrome): a case report and a literature review].

Ann Ital Med Int 2005 Jan-Mar;20(1):58-61

Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Scienze Immunologiche, Sezione di Medicina III, Università degli Studi di Siena.

Good's syndrome is a rare adult-onset immunodeficiency disease characterized by hypogammaglobulinemia and thymoma. A 61-year-old male patient was diagnosed with Good's syndrome after a 2-year history of recurrent respiratory infections. Chest X-ray and chest computed tomography scan showed a mediastinal mass which was surgically removed. Histology revealed a thymoma. Following surgery he presented with recurrent respiratory and urinary tract infections and with esophageal candidiasis, even though his overall conditions dramatically improved after starting treatment with an appropriate dosage of intravenous immunoglobulins. Laboratory tests showed hypogammaglobulinemia, mild neutropenia, lymphopenia with no B cells, decreased CD4+ lymphocytes with an inverted CD4/CD8 ratio and increased interleukin-4-producing CD4+ lymphocytes, suggestive of an excessive Th2 response.
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December 2005

Takayasu's arteritis: case report of a patient with recurrent subclavian steal syndrome.

Heart Vessels 2004 Mar;19(2):94-7

Dipartimento di Medicina Interna e Scienze Immunologiche, Policlinico Le Scotte, 53100, Siena, Italy.

Takayasu's arteritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown origin in which cell-mediated inflammation involves large arteries progressing from the adventitia to the intima, until the lumen of the vessel is narrowed. Here we report a case of a 48-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with Takayasu's arteritis 6 years ago. At that time, because of severe involvement of both the right and left carotid arteries, she underwent application of a Hemashield vascular prosthesis, including the ascending aorta, left common carotid artery, and right common carotid artery. Due to the fact that there were also bilateral subclavian artery stenoses, the application of the prosthesis induced bilateral subclavian steal syndrome. This year she developed stenosis of the prosthesis and the bilateral subclavian steal syndrome disappeared until she underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, which restored cerebral flow through the carotid arteries after which the subclavian steal syndrome reappeared.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00380-003-0726-8DOI Listing
March 2004

Thymoma and immunodeficiency.

N Z Med J 2004 Jan 30;117(1188):U750. Epub 2004 Jan 30.

Department of Internal Medicine and Immunological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

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January 2004

[Lymphocyte apoptosis in non-ST segment elevation acute myocardial infarction ].

Ann Ital Med Int 2003 Jul-Sep;18(3):154-61

Sezione di Semeiotica Medica, Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Scienze Immunologiche, Università degli Studi di Siena.

It is well known that lymphocytes play a major role in coronary plaque destabilization in acute coronary syndromes. The aim of this study was to evaluate circulating lymphocyte apoptosis in patients with non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in comparison with subjects with stable angina and with healthy controls. We considered spontaneous lymphomonocyte apoptosis (evaluated by ELISA), interleukin (IL)-2 production (evaluated by ELISA), Fas expression on T cells (evaluated by flow cytometry) and Fas ligand mRNA (evaluated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction), as well as Fas functionality. To evaluate T-cell activation, we also investigated T-cell subpopulations (CD4/CD8 ratio), T-cell surface HLA-DR and CD69 expression (evaluated by flow cytometry) in blood taken within 6 hours from onset of NSTEMI. Spontaneous apoptosis was significantly increased in NSTEMI patients in comparison with the two control groups and it was associated with an increased expression of Fas, an increased susceptibility to the Fas agonist (CH-11) and a normal production of IL-2 in cell cultures. We also found a significant increase of HLA-DR+ CD3+ and CD69+ CD4+ cells in NSTEMI patients. These data suggest that the enhanced apoptosis is due to a mechanism of "active" antigen-driven death, induced by the expression of death cytokines and not by the failure of cell growth factors. We conclude that in case of NSTEMI peripheral lymphocytes are activated and undergo an enhanced programmed cell death due to activation mechanisms. It is likely that lymphocyte activation occurs before the onset of acute ischemia and contributes to the plaque rupture and to the myocardial ischemic insult.
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January 2004

Platelet hyperactivity after statin treatment discontinuation.

Thromb Haemost 2003 Sep;90(3):476-82

Department of Clinical Medicine and Immunological Sciences, Internal Medicine Division, Policlinico Le Scotte, V. le Bracci, 53100, Siena, Italy.

Hydroxymethyl-glutaryl-CoA-reductase inhibitors (statins) reduce cardiovascular events by cholesterol lowering as well as by non-lipid related actions. Among them, the modulation of platelet activity could play a relevant role in vascular protection. Furthermore withdrawal of statins has been associated with increased cardiovascular event rate. The aim of our study was to evaluate platelet activity after cerivastatin discontinuation in eighteen subjects that did not accept other drugs and in sixteen subjects continuing treatment with simvastatin. Fourteen subjects at the end of the discontinuation period decided to receive other drugs (simvastatin) and they were evaluted six weeks later. We measured complete lipid profile by the chromogenic method (LDL-C was calculated); oxidized-LDL (ox-LDL; ELISA), platelet P-selectin (P-sel) expression (flow cytometry detection), platelet aggregation (% change of transmitted light), intracellular citrullin production (iCit; HPLC) as an indicator of intracellular NO synthase activity at baseline and 7, 14, 28, 60 days after statin discontinuation. P-sel expression and platelet aggregation were increased at 14 days (p < 0.001 and p < 0.05) in association with raised ox-LDL (r = 0.30, p < 0.05) and decreased iCit (r = 0.53, p < 0.01). Increased LDL-C was related to P-sel and platelet aggregation at 28 days (r = 0.30, p < 0.05). Subjects continuing statin treatment had no significant changes of P-sel at 28 (p = 0.221) and 60 days (p = 0.238). Subjects treated with simvastatin after 60 days of diet showed a significant reduction of P-sel and platelet aggregation after six weeks of treatment (p < 0.01). Our data suggest a platelet hyperactivation state in the second week after statin discontinuation which is partially related to raised LDL-C. Such a finding could participate in the increased cardiovascular event rate after statin discontinuation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1160/TH03-02-0111DOI Listing
September 2003