Publications by authors named "Dhwani Kamrai"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Role of Bupropion and Naltrexone in Managing Depression With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2020 Nov 5;12(11):e11343. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder that affects women of reproductive age. Women with PCOS may present with obesity, amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, infertility, or androgenic features. Studies have shown the association of psychiatric disorders with endocrine disorders, including PCOS. We present a case of a PCOS patient with no prior psychiatric history who presented with suicidal ideation. We emphasize the importance of screening women for PCOS when presented with mental disorders through this clinical case. It is crucial to rule out any medical causes in patients predominantly presented with psychiatric symptoms. We highlight the possible role of bupropion and naltrexone in managing PCOS symptoms, depression with suicidal ideation, and trichotillomania through this unique and rare case.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.11343DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7719465PMC
November 2020

The Burden of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Children: A Hospital-Based Prospective Study in Western Rajasthan.

Cureus 2020 Oct 18;12(10):e11020. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

Objective  Rotaviruses are the prime cause of gastroenteritis amongst infants and young children worldwide. In India, the mortality and economic impact caused by rotavirus are high. The objective of this is to understand the burden of rotavirus in acute watery diarrhea and its circulating genotypes in hospitalized children less than five years of age for acute gastroenteritis in western Rajasthan. Methodology This is a hospital-based prospective study conducted in the pediatrics department of Dr. Sampurnanand (S.N.) Medical College of Jodhpur in India for one year during 2018. The study included 399 children less than five years old, presenting with acute gastroenteritis who needed to be admitted for at least six hours. We enrolled subjects after obtaining informed consent from the guardian. Stool samples of 5 gm or ml were collected in a sterile container and stored at minus 20 degrees centigrade while transporting to Christian Medical College (CMC) virology lab in Vellore, India. The stool samples were subjected to Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) testing, followed by genotype determination. We investigated data through statistical analysis from all collected data. Results A total of 399 patients fulfilled the enrollment criteria; out of them, 92 (23.05%) were positive for rotavirus, and maximum cases were seen in the age group of six months to two years (78.26%). Rotavirus positivity was more in males (64.13%) than females (35.86%). The rotavirus infection was seen throughout the year, with a peak in cases from November to February (73.91%). G3P8 (55.43%) was the most common strain causing rotavirus diarrhea, followed by G1P8 (9.72%) and G3+G12P8 (8.69%). Based on the Vesikari clinical severity score, 70.65% of patients had severe diarrhea. Conclusion This prospective study highlights the healthcare and economic burden of rotavirus, especially in children of less than five years. The incidence of rotavirus is observed in winter months, and its prevalence in all cases of acute diarrhea in our study is 23.05%. G3P8 was the most common genotype causing rotavirus diarrhea in our region in both non-vaccinated and vaccinated children, followed by G1P8 and G3+G12P8, respectively.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.11020DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7671170PMC
October 2020

Metastatic Pancreatic-Biliary Cancer Presenting as Intramuscular Fluid Collections: A Case Report.

Cureus 2020 Jul 1;12(7):e8943. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

At a certain juncture, when clinicians are unable to gather information about a particular disease especially due to patient's unobtrusive findings, the presence of an aberrant connection might yield a diagnosis. Herein we present the findings of an unusual enlightening case of an 81-year-old Caucasian male with a history of bowel resection, poor appetite, generalized weakness, ptosis, and two weeks of weight loss. The computerized tomography scan revealed several sets of an abdominal intramuscular fluid collection with enhancements in the surrounding, indicative of several abscesses, and brain and spine magnetic resonance imaging indicated right-orbital metastasis in the superior rectal muscles. A biopsy of the cystic lesion of the anterior abdominal wall revealed poorly differentiated metastatic adenocarcinoma, most consistent with the primary pancreaticobiliary origin. This case report sums up this innovative portrayal of metastatic cancer as an intramuscular fluid collection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8943DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7398690PMC
July 2020

How Essential Is to Focus on Physician's Health and Burnout in Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic?

Cureus 2020 Apr 4;12(4):e7538. Epub 2020 Apr 4.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

An infection of novel coronavirus (COVID-19) that originated from Wuhan city of China in December 2019 converted rapidly into pandemic by March 11, 2020. To date, the number of confirmed cases and deaths has risen exponentially in more than 200 countries, with an estimated crude mortality ratio of at least over 2%. The unpreparedness to tackle the unprecedented situation of coronavirus has contributed to the rising number of cases, which has generated an immense sense of fear and anxiety amongst the public. It has further resulted in the inadequacy and unavailability of essential medical supplies, physicians, and healthcare workers (HCW). Although the chief focus is on minimizing transmission through prevention, combating infection, and saving lives by ramping up the development of treatment and vaccines, very little attention is on the critical issue of physician burnout, resident burnout, and the psychological well-being of HCW. Until now, no significant steps have been taken by the authorities to minimize the COVID-19 specific contributing factors for burnout. The COVID-19 has posed strain on the entire healthcare system already, and it is vital to remediate the issue of physician and resident burnout urgently with concrete actions to avoid subsequent potential short-term and long-term adverse implications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7198080PMC
April 2020

Focus on Mental Health During the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic: Applying Learnings from the Past Outbreaks.

Cureus 2020 Mar 25;12(3):e7405. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Psychiatry, Griffin Memorial Hospital, Norman, USA.

The 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19) has gained global attention after it originated from China at the end of 2019, and later turned into pandemic as it affected about 118,000 in 114 countries by March 11, 2020. By March 13, 2020, it was declared a national emergency in the United States as the number of COVID-19 cases, and the death toll rose exponentially. To contain the spread of the disease, the world scientist community came together. However, the unpreparedness of the nations, even with the advanced medical sciences and resources, has failed to address the mental health aspect amongst the public, as all efforts are focused on understanding the epidemiology, clinical features, transmission patterns, and management of COVID-19 pneumonia. Our efforts in this review are to evaluate and study similar outbreaks from the past to understand its adverse impact on mental health, implement adequate steps to tackle and provide a background to physicians and healthcare workers at the time of such outbreaks to apply psychological first aid.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7759/cureus.7405DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7182052PMC
March 2020
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