Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
Wardha, Maharashtra | India
Main Specialties: Epidemiology, Family Medicine, Family Practice
Additional Specialties: Community Medicine, Public Health, Child Health, Maternal Health, Communicable diseases eg. Malaria, filariasis, Tuberculosis, Intestinal infestations, HIV/ AIDS, Nutrition, Adolescent health, school health
Primary Affiliation: Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences - Wardha, Maharashtra , India
20PubMed Central Citations
Diagn Pathol 2015 Apr 2;10:20. Epub 2015 Apr 2.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 20, Section 3, Renming Nan Road, Chengdu, 610041, China.
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Innovative journal of medical and health sciences
Breastfeeding remains the simplest, healthiest and least expensive. feeding method that fulfils the infants’ needs and it is also important for reducing child morbidity & mortality. Research question: What is the situation of breast feeding practices among infant living in Akola district of Maharashtra. Objective: 1.To find out socio-demographic factor for breast feeding.2. To study infant feeding practices in study population Material & method: A cross sectional study was conducted in Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College Akola. A 246 respondent were included in the study. All mothers coming to immunization clinics for their children’s immunization on Monday and Thursday were interviewed. The information about subjects demography, and practices towards breast feeding were collected from the mother on pre designed and pretested Porforma. Study period: January 2013 to June 2013 over a period of six months. Results : A 246 lactating mother were included in the study. Majority of subjects 126( 51.21%) in the age group 24-29 years. About 198 (80.48%) lactating mother initiate breast feeding practices within ½ hour after the delivery. Most common cause of delay in initiation in breast were caesarian section and delivery complication (53.12% and 21.88% respectively) Only 39(15.85%). baby were given pre-lactal feed. Conclusion : study shows 84%infant did not received prelactal feeding, only 15.84 received prelactal feeds, 80.48% received breastfeeding within ½ hour this shows right practice of breast feeding in Akola district of Maharashtra.
Glob J Health Sci 2012 Jun 1;4(4):76-82. Epub 2012 Jun 1.
Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, Maharashtra, India.
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Glob J Health Sci 2012 Jan 1;4(1):105-11. Epub 2012 Jan 1.
Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India.
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J Commun Dis 2010 Dec;42(4):281-6
Department of Community Medicine, MGIMS, Sevagram-442102, Wardha, Maharashtra.
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online journal of health and allied sciences
Objectives: To assess the nutritional status and morbidity among the school going adolescents in peri urban area Wardha. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in the year 2008. 116 children in the age group of 10 to 19 years studying in high school of peri urban area Wardha were examined. Nutritional status of the adolescents was assessed through weight for age (wasting) and height for age (stunting) according to WHO criteria. Data was entered and analyzed by using Epi Info 6.04 software package. Chi- square value was used for testing statistical significance. Results: Mean age of the adolescents was 13.16+ 1.99. 48.3% of the adolescents were found to be normal and 51.7% were underweight. Early adolescents were at highest risk of underweight significantly more 73.3% ( p < 0.05 ) as compared to late adolescents 26.7%. Overall 34.5% of the adolescents were stunted with boys suffering more 72.5% as compared to girls 27.5%. 28.45% of the school going adolescents had anaemia with girls suffering significantly more 38.89% (p < 0.05) as compared to boys 23.75%. 35.34% adolescents had dental caries. 13.79% adolescents were found to be suffering from refractive error. 7.76% adolescents had worm infestation. 6.9% adolescents had skin problems. 2.59% adolescents had tonsillitis and 2.59% had wax in the ear. Conclusion: The study shows the poor health and nutritional status among the adolescents. A periodical and regular health check-up with concerted efforts towards their nutrition along with focused health education will improve the health and nutritional status of these school going adolescents in peri urban area Wardha. Key Words: Adolescents, Anthropometry, Nutritional status. Morbidity
J. Commun. Dis.
A cross sectional study was conducted at Kamla Nehru Girls High School, Wardha to assess level of knowledge about HIV/AIDS and awareness of HIV/ AIDS related health resources amongst high school girl students.. All 188 girl students in the age group 14-19 years studying in high school were selected for the study. The mean age of the students was 15.62 ± 1.5 years. 84.04 per cent of the students had heard of HIV/AIDS. 18.99% girls had no knowledge about the possible modes of transmission. Modes of HIV transmission identified by most of the girls included: sex with an infected person 81.01%, use of infected blood 72.78%, unsterile needle 76.58% and 66.46% were aware of the fact that HIV could be transmitted from mother to child. 43.67% of the girls were aware about HIV/AIDS as preventable. 27.22% of the students knew about the availability of treatment for HIV/AIDS. The main source of information about HIV/AIDS to most of the students was the teachers (84.18%), television (38.61%), newspaper (3.16%), health personnel (3.16%), radio (1.27%) and books (1.27%). The knowledge of the students on the transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS was poor. There is a strong need that a specific chapter on HIV/AIDS should be included in the school curriculum which could make them aware of the problems of HIV/AIDS and HIV related health resources. Keywords : HIV/AIDS, School children, Information sources.
Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
Objective : To study treatment outcome in tuberculosis cases under RNTCP in an urban slum of Mumbai. Study design : Prospective study. Setting : Four health post of urban slum area, Mumbai. Participants : 194 tuberculosis patients attending DOTS clinic at health post. Statistical analysis : Chi square test, proportion. Result : In the present study after two month of intensive phase the sputum conversion rate in category I patients was 85.71%( p<0.05 ). Success rate (cure / treatment completion) for new smear positive patients was 68.52%. Overall failure rate and death rate were 3.61% & 5.67% respectively. Conclusion : The low success rate for the new smear positive tuberculosis patient was 68.52% emphasized the need for rapid and effective implementation of DOTS before multidrug resistant tuberculosis and HIV becomes more widespread. Key Words : Tuberculosis, Treatment outcome RNTCP, DOTS.