Publications by authors named "Deyan Yang"

3 Publications

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Mitral valve regurgitation is associated with left atrial fibrosis in patients with atrial fibrillation.

J Electrocardiol 2022 Jan-Feb;70:24-29. Epub 2021 Nov 23.

Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: Low voltage zones (LVZ) are associated with poor outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The APPLE and DR-FLASH scores predict LVZ in patients undergoing catheter ablation. This study aimed to assess the relationship of mitral valve regurgitation (MR) and LVZ after adjusting for APPLE or DR-FLASH scores.

Methods: This was a retrospective study on patients with AF who underwent their first catheter ablation. All patients underwent a transthoracic echocardiographic examination before ablation. The APPLE and DR-FLASH scores were calculated at baseline. LVZ determined by high-density mapping was defined as bipolar voltage amplitude <0.5 mV. LVZ presence was defined as LVZ covering >5% of the left atrial surface area.

Results: Altogether, 152 patients (mean age 62.0 ± 10.8 years, 65.8% men, and 36.2% with persistent AF) were included. Of the 152 patients, 47 (30.9%) had LVZ. The patients with LVZ had more moderate-to-severe MR (17.0% vs. 3.8%, P = 0.014) and higher APPLE scores (1.7 ± 1.1 vs. 1.2 ± 1.1, P = 0.009) and DR-FLASH scores (3.0 ± 1.5 vs. 2.4 ± 1.4, P = 0.010). Using multivariate logistic regression analysis, we found moderate-to-severe MR was related to LVZ presence after adjusting for the APPLE (OR 4.040, P = 0.034) or DR-FLASH (OR 4.487, P = 0.020) scores. Furthermore, moderate-to-severe MR had an incremental predictive value for LVZ presence in addition to the APPLE (P = 0.03) or DR-FLASH (P = 0.02) scores.

Conclusion: In patients with AF, MR severity was related to LVZ after adjusting the APPLE score or DR-FLASH score.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2021.11.031DOI Listing
November 2021

The prognostic significance of electrocardiography findings in patients with coronavirus disease 2019: A retrospective study.

Clin Cardiol 2021 Jul 11;44(7):963-970. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Cardiology, Intervention Cardiology Center, Wuhan No.1 Hospital, No.215 Zhongshan Avenue, QiaoKou District, Wuhan, China.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has reached a pandemic level. Cardiac injury is not uncommon among COVID-19 patients. We sought to describe the electrocardiographic characteristics and to identify the prognostic significance of electrocardiography (ECG) findings of patients with COVID-19.

Hypothesis: ECG abnormality was associated with higher risk of death.

Methods: Consecutive patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 and definite in-hospital outcome were retrospectively included. Demographic characteristics and clinical data were extracted from medical record. Initial ECGs at admission or during hospitalization were reviewed. A point-based scoring system of abnormal ECG findings was formed, in which 1 point each was assigned for the presence of axis deviation, arrhythmias, atrioventricular block, conduction tissue disease, QTc interval prolongation, pathological Q wave, ST-segment change, and T-wave change. The association between abnormal ECG scores and in-hospital mortality was assessed in multivariable Cox regression models.

Results: A total of 306 patients (mean 62.84 ± 14.69 years old, 48.0% male) were included. T-wave change (31.7%), QTc interval prolongation (30.1%), and arrhythmias (16.3%) were three most common found ECG abnormalities. 30 (9.80%) patients died during hospitalization. Abnormal ECG scores were significantly higher among non-survivors (median 2 points vs 1 point, p < 0.001). The risk of in-hospital death increased by a factor of 1.478 (HR 1.478, 95% CI 1.131-1.933, p = 0.004) after adjusted by age, comorbidities, cardiac injury and treatments.

Conclusions: ECG abnormality was common in patients admitted for COVID-19 and was associated with adverse in-hospital outcome. In-hospital mortality risk increased with increasing abnormal ECG scores.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.23628DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8237010PMC
July 2021

Effect of statins in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy: an updated meta-analysis.

Coron Artery Dis 2014 Nov;25(7):565-74

aDepartment of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital bDepartment of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Basic Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Objective: The effect of statins in preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has been reported, with conflicting results. The aim of this study was to carry out an updated meta-analysis to determine whether pretreatment with statins can reduce the risk of CIN and adverse clinical events.

Materials And Methods: Systematic database searches of MEDLINE (1950 to December 2013), EMBASE (1966 to December 2013), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Issue 12, December 2013) were performed. All randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy of statins on CIN were included.

Results: Seventeen studies with 6323 patients were included. Pretreatment with statins before angiography significantly reduced the risk of CIN [relative risk 0.50; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.35-0.71; P<0.001] and was associated with significantly lower postprocedural serum creatinine levels (weighted mean difference -0.05 mg/dl; 95% CI -0.09 to -0.02 mg/dl; P=0.005). Meanwhile, the use of statins resulted in trends of reduced risks of renal replacement therapy and all-cause death within 30 days (relative risk 0.44; 95% CI 0.18-1.08; P=0.07). Further analyses indicated that high-dose statins were more effective than low-dose statins in reducing the risk of CIN and that different types of statins showed similar effects in preventing CIN.

Conclusion: Pretreatment with statins before angiography is effective in preventing CIN and may reduce the risk of adverse clinical events. However, the optimal dose and duration for statin pretreatment are still unknown.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MCA.0000000000000148DOI Listing
November 2014
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